Presentation on theme: "DBHDS Vision: A life of possibilities for all Virginians Treatment for Opioid Addiction Public Community Treatment in Virginia Virginia Heroin and Prescription."— Presentation transcript:
DBHDS Vision: A life of possibilities for all Virginians Treatment for Opioid Addiction Public Community Treatment in Virginia Virginia Heroin and Prescription Drug Summit Office of the Attorney General Secretary of Public Safety and Homeland Security Charlottesville, Va Mellie Randall Director, Office of Substance Abuse Services October 2, 2014
Slide 2 What is Addiction? A chronic relapsing brain disease characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. – Drugs change the brain structure and how the brain works (neurochemical and molecular) – Dependence and tolerance are components of addiction to opiates but are not synonymous with addiction – Changes can be long lasting and can lead to harmful, self- destructive behaviors. Using larger amounts than intended Inability to reduce drug use Focus of activity is on those necessary to obtain drugs Continued use in spite of knowing harm (social and health)
Slide 3 Addiction is a Brain Disease
Slide 4 Addiction Often Occurs with Other Mental Illness About 60% of people with substance use disorders have another mental health issue. – Developmentally, the disorders may emerge at about the same time (young adult) – Individuals may attempt to self-medicate the symptoms of their mental illness by using substances Anxiety Mood disorders (depression, mania) – Youth with psychiatric conditions are at higher risk for SA – Use of substances may trigger onset of mental illness in some vulnerable individuals – Trauma is a common experience for both SA and MI
Slide 5 How is Addiction Treated? Medication for Opioid Addiction – Methadone – Buprenorphine (Subutex®/Suboxone®) – Maintenance or Detox Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – Scientifically researched “talk therapy” – Changes the way a person thinks about self, others, environment Social and Practical Supports – Peer-run supports – 12-Step Programs
Slide 6 Locations of Opioid Treatment Programs
Slide 7 Locations of Physicians “Waivered” to Prescribe Buprenorphine
Slide 8 What are Community Services Boards? Established in the Code of Virginia (COV §37.2) to function as the single points of entry into publicly funded behavioral health and developmental services. Provide ID, MH and SUD services either directly or through contract DBHDS executes Performance Contract with each CSB – DBHDS allocates state general funds and SAPT BG based on formula and special needs – Code requires 10% local match – CSBs also bill Medicaid and private insurance – CSBs also charge fees
Slide 9 Where Are CSBs Located?
CSB Addiction Services - Referral Source All Substances Compared to Opioids All Served Opioids
CSB Addiction Services – Gender All Substances Compared to Opioids All Served Opioids – 2013
CSB Addiction Services - Race All Substances Opioids
CSB Addiction Services - Age All Substances Opioids
Slide 14 CSB SA Admissions – Opioid and Non – Opioid by VSP District
Slide 15 What Happens in an Opioid Overdose The amount of opioid introduced is higher than the person’s tolerance (amount or potency). The opioid slows down the central nervous system (CNS) to the extent that the person’s breathing slows and then stops. Onset of overdose symptoms occurs over 1-3 hours. Once CNS depression occurs to the extent that breathing is shallow, Seconds Count: – When the brain is deprived of oxygen, irreversible damage can occur even if the person is later revived; – Death can occur very quickly.
Slide 16 REVIVE! – Opioid Overdose Reversal for Virginia HB 1672 (2013) required DBHDS to work with DHP and VDH, law enforcement and recovery programs to establish a pilot program that would equip lay people to use naloxone to reverse opioid overdose. Physicians in pilot areas may write a non-patient specific prescription for lay rescuer. Lay rescuers participate in two-hour training to ID signs of opioid overdose, administer rescue breathing, administer the medication intranasally, and call Provides civil immunity for the lay rescuer, but not criminal immunity.
Slide 17 REVIVE! – Opioid Overdose Reversal for Virginia Naloxone works by pushing off the opioids from the opioid receptors in the brain and sealing them over so that opioids in the body cannot affect the brain. The effect is to put the person into immediate withdrawal – a powerful and painful experience for the person being rescued. Naloxone stays active about minutes, so individuals are advised to always have two doses on hand and to be ready to administer the second dose and to Call Naloxone works only for opioid overdose and is otherwise harmless. To minimize any danger to the lay rescuer or to the victim, it is administered intranasally, but usually injected if administered by EMT
Slide 18 REVIVE! – Opioid Overdose Reversal for Virginia