Presentation on theme: "( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 ( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Unit4: A Virtual Life."— Presentation transcript:
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Unit4: A Virtual Life
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Warm-up Quetions Reading Analysis Writing Strategy General Understanding After Reading Assignment
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Objectives Students will be able to: grasp the main idea and the structure of the text; appreciate the features of spoken English ; learn by heart the basic language points and grammatical structures in the text; conduct a series of reading, listening, speaking and writing activities related to the theme of the unit.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Warm-up Questions: 1.What people can do on the Internet? 2. How many words and expressions related to computer and internet can you think of? (group competition) 3. Now try to find out more relevant words and expressions in the word list on P Here are some more words related
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Word Association Microblog flesh search gamer Home page Web site Net friend/pal Hacker Virus Netizen Surf Smiley face Spam Blog On-line dating Cyber- Virtual Online Ipad facebook Do you know them?
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Microblog: 微薄 flesh search: 人肉搜索 Gamer: 游戏玩家 Home page: 主页 Website: WWW （环球网）的站点 Net friend/pal: 网友 Hacker: 黑客 Virus: 病毒 Netizen: 网民 ( =net +citizen) Surf: 网上冲浪
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Word Study New terms related to computer and the Internet are constantly added to the English vocabulary, so much so that many of them are not included in any English dictionary. However, if we apply certain rules, their meanings are easy to deduce.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Word Study The most dynamic combining forms or prefixes for new computer-and-Internet vocabulary in English: Virtual Cyber- Net- Web- E-
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Word buildingWord buildingWord buildingWord building 1. Combining forms/prefixes+noun: virtual life, virtual world, virtual office, … cybernut cyberculture, cyberpet, … nethead, netwriter, network web page, web site, webTV, webmaster, … e-card, , e-journal, e-business,…
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Text A: Discussion Some of us like to live a life in contact with real things and real people, but others favor a virtual existence. Which life is better? I’m sure you have different opinions. Now let’s read Text A to find out what Maia Szalavits has to say about these two life styles?
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Reading Analysis Reading Analysis Paras 1-3 Description of the author’s virtual life Paras 4-10 Her feelings about the virtual life Paras Her effort of returning to the real world and her feeling about the real world structure Part IPart IIPart III
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Text Organization Paras 2-3: Description of the author’s virtual life Paras 4-10,13: Her feelings about it after staying on the Net for a while
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Para 12: How she feels about the real world Para 11 : What she does to return to the real world
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Writing Strategy: Inductive generalization In developing a paragraph by means of the inductive generalization, the writer presents particular instances of a like kind and leads them into valid generalization which serves as his topic sentences. Thus, in the inductive pattern, the topic sentence is likely to appear late in the paragraph, often at the end. The result may be referred to as a periodic paragraph, which, like a periodic sentence, cannot be considered structurally complete at any point before the end.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Writing Strategy: Inductive generalization Evidence : the negative effects of the virtual life (para 4) Her aversion to socializing A tendency to become shyer and bad tempered, etc Her lack of discipline Generalization: daily routine and socializing are important to a human being ( para 10 )
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 General Understanding of Text A
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Read Part 1 carefully and answer the following questions. Part 1
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 1. What did the author do three years ago and what is she doing now? 2. How does the author manage her daily life? She worked as a television producer, and now she submits articles and edits them via and communicates with colleagues on Internet mailing lists. She can order food, and manage her money, love and work on the Net.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 virtual: adj 虚拟的，实质上的 1.In a virtual space, Students can "dissect" a human body, "visit" ancient battlefields, or "talk" with Shakespeare,... – 比如, 在虚拟的空间中, 学生们可以与莎士比亚 “ 对话 ” 。 2.I can visit a virtual store and put what I want in my basket at the click of a mouse button.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 3.Now that the talks have broken down, war in the region looks like a virtual certainty. 4.Our deputy manager is the virtual head of the business. – 我们的副经理是公司的实际负责人。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 stretch: v. 延伸；夸大 n. 伸展 1. The desert stretched away into the distance. 沙漠一直延伸到远方。 2.Don not stretch the truth. 别夸大事实。 3.I got out of the bed and had a good stretch.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 interpret: vt. 理解；解释；口译；诠释 1.We need somebody to interpret from Russian into English. – 我们需要一个把俄语口译为英语的人。 2. 她把他的沉默解释为傲慢。 She interprets his silence as arrogance. 3.The guide interpreted the woman's remarks for us.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 4. Not everybody agreed with the way she interpreted the violin concerts, but it was still a technically perfect performance. – 并非每人都同意她对那首小 提琴协奏曲的诠释, 但是她的 演奏在技巧上仍是无懈可击。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Paras Submit…to … 提交 You should submit your report to the committee. 2.Submit (oneself) to… 服从 I was unwilling to submit (myself) to his orders. Translate: 她最后服从了父母的决定。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 submit give contribute donate dedicate devote grant award confer offer render present submit
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Part 2: Multiple Choice Read Part 2 carefully and choose the best answer for each question. 1. How does the author feel when she is suddenly confronted with people in the real world?_____ A) She feels shy. B) She feels angry. C) She feels cautious. D) She feels overexcited. D
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 2. How does the author behave on line?___ A) She is friendly. B) She is humorous. C) She is bad-tempered. D) She is talkative. C
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 3. Why does the author fight her boyfriend on the Net sometimes?______ A) Because they haven’t seen each other for a long time. B) Because their typed dialogue lacks emotional cues and she misinterprets it. C) Because he doesn’t love her any longer. D) Because he doesn’t send s to her frequently. B
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 4. What does the author think daily routine is?____ A) Dressing for work. B) Work with colleagues at the office. C) Sleeping normal hours. D) All the above. D
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Symptom: n. 征兆；症状 Cigarettes can aggravate the symptoms of a cold. – 抽烟会加重感冒症状。 The doctor made his diagnosis after studying the patient's symptoms. – 医生研究病人的症状后, 作出诊断。 Fever is a symptom of many illnesses. – 发烧是许多疾病的症兆。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Paras 4-10 Patterns: 1. I find myself shyer… 2. They are of no use to me. Practice: When the passenger woke up,______. ( 他发现自己躺在医院的病房里 ) Please do Ex. p114
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to Ex. p you will find yourself penniless in a month. 3. she found herself faced with the toughest job she had ever taken. 4. Susan found herself in a trap from which she could not escape.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院jar jar: n. 罐子， v. 不舒服的感觉 ; 不和谐 collocations: 1. jar sth. 2. jar on sb./sth. 3. jar with… ---The loud bang jarred my nerves. ---Her squeaky voice jarred on me ---His harsh criticism jarred with the friendly tone of the meeting.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Suck in Suck in / such sb in or into sth: (usu. passive ) 卷入 --- I don’t want to get sucked into the debate about school reform. --- Some teenagers don’t want to get involved with gangs, but they find themselves getting sucked in.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院project 1. 计划，规划，设计 2. 投射，放映 3. 以为 … 某人也存在 (+on/upon/on to ) imagine that others have (the same feelings, usu. unpleasant ones ) as you
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Examples 我们正在计划游览澳洲。 We are projecting a visit to Australia. Will you be able to project a film for us? You mustn’t project your guilt on to me. 你不要以为我也和你一样内疚。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Part 3: True or False Decide whether the following statements are true or false. 1. The author tries to at least get to the gym in order to keep fit. ( ) 2. The author can get used to the real world very well. ( ) 3. The author can’t bear her friend’s laughter and the noise in the restaurant. ( ) F The author tries to at least get to the gym so that she may set apart the weekend from the rest of her week. F She founds sometimes being face to face is too much. T
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Part 3: True or False 4. The author can’t make a choice between the real world and the virtual one. ( ) F She finally chooses the virtual world.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Paras 11 Arrange 整理；布置；安排 Patterns: 1.arrange sth. 2.arrange to do sth. 3.arrange for sb/sth to do sth
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Examples She arranged the flowers in the vase. 她把花插在花瓶上。 Let’s arrange to have a dinner together some time before we graduate. 我已安排出租车上午八点来接我们。 I have arranged for a taxi to pick us up at 8:00 a.m.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 cue: n. 暗示, 提示, 信号 vt. 给... 提示 When I nod my head, that's your cue to interrupt the meeting. – 我一点头，就是暗示你把会议中断。 Can you cue me when you want me to begin speaking? – 你要我开始讲话时能给我暗示一下吗 ? I'll cue you in by nodding my head. – 我一点头, 你就开始.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Please take the teaching material on the disc for your reference! Other Language Focus
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 1.What are the negative and the positive effects of a virtual life? 2.What is the author’s attitude toward the digital world? After reading: Discussion
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Task: Compare The first para The last para Together they show us the dilemma people at present are in: Because of modern tech.,we have a choice between a virtual life and real life, but we find both unsatisfactory. The author, however, finally has to choose the latter despite its negative effects.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 1. Main idea: Despite the many negative effects of virtual life, the author prefer it to real life. 2. Structure of the text : Contrast between virtual life and real life. 3. Pattern: I find oneself … 4. Vocabulary related to computer and the Internet: virtual life, the net, telecommute, , internet mailing list, computer-assisted, data, link, cyber-interaction, on line,system crash, click on the modem, connection, password. Summing-up
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Useful Expressions 1. 一周中的最好时光 2. 投稿 3. 有时 4. 对。。。感到厌恶 5. 社交方式 6. 缺乏自律 7. 网络交际 8. 面对 9. 穿着得体 10. 坏脾气 a highlight of the week submit articles at times forms of socializing a lack of discipline cyber-interaction be confronted with be dressed appropriately be bad-tempered feel an aversion to
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 11. 在此状态下 12. 日常事务 13. 依赖 14. 长期失业 15. 吸毒 16. 恢复平衡 17. 将 … 与 … 区分开 18. 面对面 19. 找借口 in this state daily routine rely on long-term unemployment drug abuse restore balance set apart…from face to face make an excuse
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Writing The influence of internet on Human Relations
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Writing You’re allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of no less than 120 word on the topic of “The influence of internet on Human Relations.” Your composition should be based on the following outline. 1. 有人认为互联网的出现促进了人与人的交流。 2 ．有人认为互联网的出现淡化了人际关系。 3 ．我的看法。
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院Assignments Do Exercises in Text A Reading Text B Prepare Unit 5 Do test yourself
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Vocabulary 1.1) conversely 2) relationship 3) but then 4) symptom 5) spitting 6) abusing 7) tone 8) took (her) in 9) editing 10) communicate 11) Internet 12) in sight 13) stretched 14) data 15) angles
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 2. 1) The sight of teenagers smoking cigarettes jars on me. 2) I turned on the TV just to relax a little bit after a heavy dinner, but soon I found myself getting sucked in by the fascinating plot of a science fiction film. 3) Jeffrey’s computer crashed again this morning. The manager has arranged for a technician from the computer store to check and repair it.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 4) During the Vietnam War, many young Americans fled their country to avoid military service. Or: During the Vietnam War, many young Americans fled to other countries to avoid military service. 5) The new government is planning an anti- corruption campaign so as to restore people’s confidence in it.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 3. 1) The traditional school will never go away, but the virtual classroom is playing a more and more important role. Obviously, the online student relies on the computer. To get started, he must have his computer hooked up to the Internet through a phone line and modem. To be successful, he must keep up with the class and complete all work on time. Once he gets behind, it is almost impossible to catch up.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 2) When the economy slows down, the worst nightmare for an employee is losing his job. In addition to money problems, the emotional stress is hard to bear. Hunting for a job is now the daily routine of many workers like Henry Smith. He fills out applications and writes resumes and submits them to various companies, expecting an interview. But in times of
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise rising unemployment, even job interviews are hard to get. He takes great care not to miss any appointment, for if he missed it, it would be all but impossible to arrange for another one. 3) “ The dot. com bubble has burst. Venture capitalists have become cautious in putting more money into the IT industry and small investors are taking their cue,” said the chairman in his concluding speech. It is clear from these remarks that the ever-optimistic economist has changed his tune.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Collocation 1. We came here all the way on foot. 2. Private cars are not allowed on campus. 3. They are on vacation in Florida. 4. Mary has been talking to her friend on the phone for an hour. 5. Don’t worry, Lucy is always on time. 6. Industrial demand on fuel is on the rise.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Usage 1.hard 2. difficult 3.impossible 4. tough 5.hard 6. easy Structure 1. 1) Anyone who has talked with him will see Mark is a person of remarkable intelligence.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 2) The book is of no value to one who is not familiar with the subject. 3) She is a woman of wealth. She never has to worry about money. 4) In today’s job market, basic skills in computer science and foreign languages are of great importance.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise 2.1) you will find yourself penniless in a month. 2) he found himself lying in a hospital ward. 3) she found herself faced with the toughest job she had ever taken 4) Susan found herself in a trap from which she could not escape.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Cloze (A) 1.Internet 2. click 3.nightmare 4. sucked rely 7. communicating 8. emotional 9. At times 10. flee 11. on line
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise (B) 1.between 2. The 3.to 4. away 5.on 6. work 7.enables 8. local 9.reach 10. benefits 11. because 12. provides 13. does 14. in 15. making 16. with 17. Nor 18. virtual
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Translation Perhaps you envy me for being able to work from home on the computer. I agree that the Internet has made my job a lot easier. I can write, submit and edit articles via , chat with my colleagues on line and discuss work with my boss. With a click of the mouse, I can get all the data I need and keep up with the latest new. But then, communicating through the Net can be frustrating at times. The system may crash. Worse still, without the emotional cues of face-to-face communication, the typed words sometimes seem difficult to interpret.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Unit4 Text B Mother’s Mad about the Internuts
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Language Points: 1. be/get hooked on (L. 4) be very keen on and absorbed in 对 … 入迷 –My aunt is hooked on package holidays in Spain. –Last year, he was hooked on motorcycles; but now, he is hooked on cars.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Syn: Be addicted to off the hook: Fig. freed from an obligation. (be ~; get ~; get someone ~; let someone ~.) –Thanks for getting me off the hook. I didn't want to attend that meeting. hook (sb) up with sb: To meet or associate; to become romantically or sexually involved with someone. –We agreed to hook up after class. –I hooked Alice up with Tom last year, and now they're getting married.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 4. Worldwide (L.12) Adj. adv. 1) found in or spread over all parts of the world 2) international –An increase in average temperature by only a few degrees could cause environmental problem worldwide. –The scientist enjoyed worldwide fame for his great contribution. –This is a worldwide problem of terrorist networks.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 5. cquaintance (L.16) 1) Knowledge or information about something or someone ( 略微 ) 了解；感性认识 –I have some acquaintance with French, but I don’t know it well. –I am afraid that I have only a nodding acquaintance with his works. 2) Person who knows less intimately than a friend 熟人 ， 相识 – An acquaintance of mine who lives in England and had never been outside until last summer, decided to go over to France for a trip. Have a nodding acquaintance with 对 … 略知一二，与某人 有点头 之交
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Make sb’s acquaintance / make the acquaintance of sb 结识某人；与某人相见 –I made his acquaintance when I was working on a farm. Acquaint vt. 知道 告知, 使熟知 –He acquainted me with the change of the plan. – 他告诉我计划变更一事 Acquaint sb/oneself with 使 … 熟悉或了解 …. Be/ get / become acquainted with 与（人）相识， 熟知某事物
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 6. Scatter (L.16) 1) To cause to separate and go in different directions （使 … ）散开 –The soldiers came in and scattered the crowd. –The boys scattered, screaming in horror. 2) put or throw in different direction or here and there 撒，散布 –The farmer scattered the corn in the yard. be scattered to the four winds: (literary) if a group of things or people are scattered to the four winds, they are sent to different places which are far away from each other –Our hopes and plans are scattered to the four winds.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 7. Outwards (L.16) Adv. Also outward (US) 1) away from home or from the point from which one started 离家，离开出发地 –A train traveling outwards from London. 2) towards the outside 向外 –The two ends of the wire must be bent outwards. outward adj. 外出的；外面的；言行表露的（相 对于内心感受的） –An outward journey, the outward appearance, an outward show of confidence
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 8. Vehicle (L. 16. ) 1) A device or structure for transporting persons or things 交通工具，车辆 –The launch vehicle lifts the satellite into the orbit. – 运载火箭把人造卫星送入轨道 。 2) A medium through which something is transmitted, expressed, or accomplished 传播媒介、手段、工具 –Language is the vehicle of human thought. –The film seems to be little more than a vehicle for its director and star. – 电影似乎不过是其导演和明星吸引大众注意力的一种手段而已.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 9. Overnight (L.27) adj during or for the night adv. on the night before; for, during the night –We stayed overnight with my mother. –The book was an overnight success. –become rich overnight –succeed overnight
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 10. On the whole (L.33) all things considered, in general 总的看来，大体 上 –The weather this month has been good on the whole. –On the whole, I prefer to listen to popular music. Syn: generally speaking in general overall
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 11. Tendency (L.35) 1) turning or inclination, leaning 倾向，趋势 2) disposition; temperament ( 性格上的 ) 倾向 –How can we combat this permanent tendency towards inflation? –Paid- service becomes the general tendency on the internet. –His tendency to exaggerate is well-known. –His tendency to utter bitter and sharp remarks alienated( 疏远 ) his roommates. have a tendency to/towards have a tendency to do v. tend
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 12. Slip (L.48) 1) go or move quietly or quickly (in, out, away) 溜 走，偷偷地走 –She slipped away without being seen. 2) fall or almost fall because of losing the balance 滑倒 ~ (over) (on sth) –She slipped over on the ice and broke her leg. Let sth slip 无意中说出 …; 错过或放过（机会等） –She let slip it that she was expecting a baby.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 13. Plot (L.57) 1) plan or outline of the events of, a story esp. of a novel or drama 情节 –The film had an exciting plot. 2) Secret plan; conspiracy 阴谋 –A plot was hatched with secrecy. – 一个阴谋在暗中策划着。 –Two men formed a plot to rob the bank. The plot thickens. Things are becoming more complicated or interesting. –he police assumed that the woman was murdered by her ex-husband, but he has an alibi. The plot thickens.
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 14. To one’s knowledge (L.57) as far as one knows personally 据 … 所知 –To our knowledge, he is an honest and reliable. –In this town there are only a couple of restaurants to my knowledge. come to sb’s knowledge (fml) 被某人知道 –It has come to my knowledge that more and more young people have been become Neets. With/without sb’s knowledge 告知 / 背着某人
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 15. Call forth (L. 59) bring into action or existence; give rise to 使产生， 引出 –Great crises often call forth gifted leaders.. –His behavior called forth numerous protests. Call on 呼吁；鼓起（勇气等） call in 召来；召回 call up 打电话给 …; 唤起（回忆） call off 取消；把 … 叫开（使停止攻击）
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 Key to exercise Comprehension check 1.c 2. a 3.a 4. b 5.d 6. c Language Practice 1. vehicle 2. hooked on
( 全新版）大学英语 BOOK TWO 外国语学院 3. intense 4. communication 5. worldwide 6. overnight 7. individual 8. slipped 9. version 10. on the whole 11. called forth 12. outwards 13. acquaintances 14. Needless to say 15. to my knowledge 16. On top of that 17. innocent 18. tendencies 19. plot 20. Scattered