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Lesson 1 1. Warm-up Activities (15’) 2. Reading (25’) 3. Rhetoric (28’) 4. Classroom Tests (20’) 5. Assignments (2’) 6. Intensive Language Practice (90’)

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1 1. Warm-up Activities (15’) 2. Reading (25’) 3. Rhetoric (28’) 4. Classroom Tests (20’) 5. Assignments (2’) 6. Intensive Language Practice (90’)"— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 1 1. Warm-up Activities (15’) 2. Reading (25’) 3. Rhetoric (28’) 4. Classroom Tests (20’) 5. Assignments (2’) 6. Intensive Language Practice (90’)

3 1.Warm-up Activities 1.1 Duty report 1.2 Dictation (1) Words (2) Expressions (3) Quotes Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

4 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Guiding questions 2.3 Discussion questions 2.4 Structural analysis 2.5 Précis Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

5 Reading Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

6 2.1 Introduction 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction Author His works Picture description Quotations on thinking What is your story Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

7 Golding, William Gerald:1911–1993 British writer noted for his dark novels, such as The Lord of the Flies (1954) and Pincher Martin (1956). He won the 1983 Nobel Prize for literature. Golding was born in Cornwall and educated at Brasenose College, Oxford. Before World War Ⅱ, he worked as a writer, actor and producer with small theater companies and as a teacher. During the war, he served in the Royal Navy in command of a rocket ship. He returned to writing and teaching after the war. Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Author 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction

8 2.1.2 His works Lord of the Flies contains numerous characters, all of which are young boys. The most important characters in the novel are listed below, with a short description. Symbolism played an important part in the development of story. This narrative technique is used to give significance to certain people or objects, which represent some other figure. 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

9 2.1.2 His works Themes William Golding presented numerous themes and basic ideas that give the reader something to think about. One of the most basic and obvious themes is that society holds everyone together, and without these conditions, our ideals, values, and the basics of right and wrong are lost. Without society's rigid rules, anarchy and savagery can come to light. Golding is also showing that morals come directly from our surroundings, and if there is no civilization around us, we will lose these values. 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

10 2.1.2 The world in his works Other secondary themes include the following: 1 . People will abuse power when it's not earned. 2 . When given a chance, people often single out another to degrade to improve their own security. 3 . You can only cover up inner savagery so long before it breaks out, given the right situation. 4 . It's better to examine the consequences of a decision before you make it than to discover them afterward. 5 . The fear of the unknown can be a powerful force, which can turn you to either insight or hysteria. 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

11 2.1.2 The world in his works William Golding obviously was influenced by several other authors in his creation of Lord of the Flies. Golding, however, held a much more negative outlook on human nature, which he expressed in his works, beginning with Lord of the Flies. 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction

12 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Picture description Picture description Please describe the following pictures in detail and depict their symbolic meaning in your own words. Compare your answer with that of the author, and try to find their symbolic meaning in the boy’s (the author) eyes. 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction

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16 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Quotations on thinking “Intelligence is something we are born with. Thinking is a skill that must be learned.” ---Edward de Bono “Most people can’t think, most of the remainder won’t think, and the small fraction who do think mostly can’t do it very well.”---Robert Heinlein “I think, therefore I am.” ---René Déscartes “I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.”---Socrates 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction

17 2.1.4 Quotations on thinking “We think too small. Like the frog at the bottom of the well. He thinks the sky is only as big as the top of the well. If he surfaced, he would have an entirely different view.”---Mao Zedong “Thinking is what a great many people think they are doing when they are merely rearranging their prejudices.” ---William James “Nurture your mind with great thoughts.” ---Benjamin Disraeli “What is the hardest task in the world? To think.”---Ralph Waldo Emerson 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

18 Have you got an anecdote or true story about your school life? Would you like to tell it to your partner? What is your story? 2. Reading 2.1 Introduction

19 What does this text tell us ? Thinking is not just for professional thinkers like philosophers. It is something all educated people should enjoy doing, and it is considered one of the most precious qualities in young scholars for the healthy mental development. 2. Reading 2.2 Guiding questions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

20 1) What do the three statuettes symbolize? What effect do the boy’s descriptions have? They represented the whole of life. The leopard stood for all animal needs or desires; Venus stood for love and the Thinker stood for thinking as a uniquely human feature. An humorous and sarcastic effect has been achieved by the author’s description of the statuettes, which established a background to support his later analysis of three grades of thinking and some human natures. 2. Reading 2.3 Discussion questions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

21 2) How did the author describe the following figures to demonstrate his analyses of different grades of thinking? Headmaster: nothing human in his eyes, no possibility of communication (not understand his students) Me, the boy: delinquent, not integrated, misunderstanding the symbolic meaning of the statuettes, couldn’t think 2. Reading 2.3 Discussion questions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

22 Mr. Houghton: ruined by alcohol, preaching high-moral life but showing hypocritical and prejudiced nature A pious lady: who hated German with the proposition of loving enemies 2. Reading 2.3 Discussion questions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

23 3) How did the author describe the following figures to demonstrate his analyses of different grades of thinking? Ruth: foolish argument, illogical and fled at last British Prime Minister: talking about the great benefit conferring on India by jailing Nehru and Gandhi American politicians: talking about peace and refusing to join the League of Nations Me, the author: not easily stampede, detect contradiction; turned into a professional thinker 2. Reading 2.3 Discussion questions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

24 Part 1 (Paras. 1—24 ) about: Part 2 (Paras. 25—29) about: Part 3 (Paras. 30—35) about: Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 2.4 Structural analysis Structure of the text How the subject of thinking was first brought up to the author and his understanding of the nature of “grade-three thinking” The author’s analysis of the nature of “grade-two thinking” The author’s understanding of the “grade-one thinking” and his desire for it 2. Reading

25 Retelling of the whole text 2. Reading 2.5 Précis Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

26 3. Rhetoric 3.1 Word study 3.2 Phrases and expressions 3.3 Word building 3.4 Grammar Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

27 3. 3.

28 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.1 Word study 3.1 Word study Word list: 1)acquaintance 2)anguish 3)bulge 4)confer 5)contemplate 6)contempt 7)exalt 8)heady 9)hustle 10)impediment 11)integrate 12)muscular 13)proficient 14)stampede 3.Rhetoric

29 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.1 Word study 3.1 Word study 1) acquaintance n. a. a person whom one knows (CN) b. knowledge or information about something or someone (UN) n. acquaintanceship v. acquaint: To come to know personally; to make familiar; to inform; Examples: Mrs. Bosomley has become merely a nodding acquaintance. Few of my acquaintances like Sheila. The guide has some acquaintance with Italian. He has a wide acquaintanceship among all sorts of people. Translation 点头之交; 认识的人 懂一点意大利语 交往甚广 3.Rhetoric

30 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.1 Word study Examples: Let me acquaint you with my family. You must acquaint yourself with your new duties. Please acquaint us with your plans. Expressions: be (become, get) acquainted with: I am already acquainted with the facts. make sb.’s acquaintance (make the acquaintance of sb.): So pleased to have made your acquaintance. 3.Rhetoric

31 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.1 Word study 2) anguish v. (vi.) to feel or suffer anguish n. agonizing physical or mental pain;torment a.Anguished Examples: She was in anguish over her missing child. anguished cries 3.Rhetoric Synonyms suffering, agony distress, grief heartache heartbreak misery pain sorrow torment, torture

32 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study 3) bulge v. to curve outward; to swell up; to stick out n. a. a protruding part; an outward curve or swelling b. a sudden, usually temporary increase in number or quantity Examples: His pocket was bulging with sweets. The baby boom created a bulge in school enrollment. Protrude: v. to push or thrust outward; to jut out Examples: Helen’s teeth protrude too far. The policeman saw a gun protruding from the man’s pocket. Nails protruded from the board and had to be removed for safety. protrude project stick out Synonyms

33 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby v. a. to bestow (e.g. an honor) 授予 b. to invest with (a characteristic) 赋予;使带有 c. (vi.) to meet in order to deliberate together or compare views 协商 Examples: The government conferred a medal on the hero. Diplomas were conferred on members of graduating class. The engineers and technicians are still conferring on the unexpected accident. 4) confer 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study

34 Synonyms: award v.a. to grant as merited or due; b.to give as legally due Examples: Martin Ruther King Jr. was awarded the peace Nobel Prize of 1964 for advocating nonviolence policy in the movement for civil rights. He was awarded his damages in the shipwreck by the court. 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

35 5)contemplate v. a. to look at attentively and thoughtfully b. to consider carefully and at length; c. to have in mind as an intention or possibility Synonyms consider ponder meditate deliberate brood over 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Examples: She stood contemplating her figure in the mirror. The young surgeon contemplated the difficult operation of kidney transplant. She is contemplating a trip to Europe, but she hasn’t planned it yet.

36 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 6) contempt n. scorn; a feeling that sb. or sth. is not important and does not deserve any respect Example: I feel nothing but contempt for such dishonest behavior. 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Expressions: be beneath contempt 极为荒谬可鄙的 bring into contempt 使受人鄙视 hold in contempt 鄙视,蔑视 in contempt of 不顾,不把 …… 放在眼里

37 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Examples: It was contemptible of him to speak like that about a respectable teacher! It was a contemptible trick to tell lies and play on an old friend! He was contemptuous of Britain’s army. Seeing I failed to understand, he gave me a contemptuous look. contemptible: deserving of contempt; despicable 卑劣的 contemptuous: manifesting or feeling contempt; scornful 鄙视的;看不起;鄙视的 Word formations contemptible contemptuous 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study

38 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 7) exalt v. a. to raise in rank, character, or status b. to glorify, praise, or honor c. to increase the effect or intensity of Exalted: a. excited; noble; exaggerated Examples: Complementary colors exalt each other. He was exalted to the position of president. The retiring professor is exalted by his colleagues. an exalted dedication to liberty He has an exalted sense of his importance to the project. 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study

39 8) heady a. heady liqueur the heady news of triumph a heady outburst of anger a heady current heady tactics too heady to reason with 醉人的烈酒 振奋人心的获胜消息 猛一声怒喝 一股湍流 机敏的战术 太专横而无法与之理论 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

40 9) hustle vt. a. to convey in a hurried or rough manner b. to cause or urge to proceed quickly c. to gain by energetic effort vi. to work or move energetically and rapidly Examples: The police hustled the prisoner into a van. Mother hustled the children off to school lest they should be late. We hustled to get dinner ready on time. Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study

41 10) impediment n. a. a fact or event which makes action difficult or impossible b. an organic defect preventing clear articulation Examples: The main impediment to development is the country’s huge foreign debt. He has an impediment in speech. 他讲话口吃。 Synonyms: hinder impede block dam bar obstruct hamper 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

42 hinder: to hold back, as by delaying (implying stopping or prevention) The travelers were hindered by storms throughout their journey. hamper: to hinder by or as if by fastening or entangling A suit and an overcoat hampered the efforts of the accident victim to swim to safety. impede: to slow by making action or movement Sentiment and eloquence serve only to impede the pursuit of truth. obstruct: implies the presence of obstacles that interfere with progress A building under construction obstructs our view of the mountains. block: to complete obstruction that prevents progress, passage, or action A huge snowdrift is blocking the entrance to the driveway. dam: suggests obstruction of the flow, progress, or release of something, such as water or emotion They dammed the brook to form a swimming pool. bar: to prevent entry or exit or prohibit a course of action Mounted troops barred access to the presidential palace. 3.Rhetoric 3.1 Word study Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

43 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions 1)at the time 2)do away with 3)few and far between 4)for (one’s) money 5)in the flesh 6)lag behind 7)make for 8)nothing but 9)on …occasion 10)out of one’s depth 11)think well of 12)stand by

44 1) Please translate the following phrases. at a time at all times at one time at the time at times at the same time at the best of times 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

45 2) do away with Please translate the following sentences: They have done away with corporal punishment in our school. The city has decided to do away with overhead wires. They agreed that privileges must be done away with. The robbers did away with their victims. It is about time all this obsolete machinery was done away with. Translation 废除体罚 消除高架线 取消特权 干掉受害者 处理掉旧机器 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

46 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3) few and far between Examples: In Nevada the towns are few and far between. Really exciting games are few and far between. Places where you can get water are few and far between in the desert. as far as 就 …… 而言;只要;一直走到 by far 远比 …… , …… 得多 far and away 最最(和 adj.adv 最高级连用) far and near 到处,从各地 far and wide 到处,各地 so far, so good 到目前为止情况是不错的 so far from 不仅没有 …… ,相反 …… no fewer than 有 …… 之多,至少有 quite a few (a good few) 好些,相当多 not a few 不少,相当多 the few 少数(有特殊要求的)人 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

47 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 4) for (one’s) money: according to one’s opinion, choice, or preference 依照某人的意见、选择或 For my money, it’s not worth the trouble. 1.I wouldn’t give him my dog for love or money. 2.After years of struggle and dependence, air transportation is in the money. 3.Dick’s uncle died and left him money to burn. 4.It is a bit expensive, but you get your money’s worth. 5.to put money on outcome of a race Keys 1. 无论如何,不管以任何代价 2. 非常有钱,有利可图 3. 大量的钱 4. 花钱值得 5. 为 …… 打赌 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

48 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 5) in the flesh in the person, present Examples: I have corresponded with him for some years,but I have never met him in the flesh. He is nicer in the flesh than in his photograph. flesh and blood: 血肉之躯 Those sorrows are more than flesh and blood can bear. The author doesn't give his characters any flesh and blood. 逼真的形 象 make one’s flesh creep: 使人毛骨悚然 His story made my flesh creep. thorn in the flesh: 肉中刺 The guerrilla band was a thorn in the flesh of the invaders. 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

49 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 6) lag behind to fail to keep up a pace; to straggle Examples: The elder people and children always lag behind when we go for a walk. Don’t let a single classmate lag behind. He wondered darkly at how great a lag there was between his thinking and his actions. 他暗暗惊讶于自己在思想和行动上有如此 大的差距。 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

50 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 7) make for to have or cause to have a particular effect or result; to help promote; to go to a place or rush forward small details that make for comfort Thoughtfulness makes for closer relationships. This book makes for very enjoyable reading. The convoy made for the open sea. As soon as it started to rain we turned round and made for home. 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

51 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 9) nothing but: only, merely Don’t have him for a friend: he’s nothing but a criminal. He had nothing for supper but a little piece of cheese. Nothing but roses meets the eye. “Nothing” phrases: nothing doing 毫无,决不 nothing if not 极其,极端 nothing like 没有什么能比得上 nothing less than 不亚于,完全(强调其多、其大) nothing more than 仅仅,只不过(强调其少、其小) nothing much 非常少,没什么 nothing of the kind 哪里,不行 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

52 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Examples: “Let’s go for a boat ride!” “Nothing doing!” He was nothing if not clever. There’s nothing like a holiday to make one fell rested. Studying that lesson should take nothing like four hours. That’s nothing less than a miracle. (=no less than) The drops didn’t get very big, and the earth received nothing more than a drizzle. (=no more than) “Anything interesting happening?” No, nothing much. “I’m sorry to cause you trouble.” “ My dear friend, it’s nothing of the kind”. 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

53 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 9) on… occasion He talked about his his work on every occasion. 总是,不管 什么时候 She was invited to the Master’s room on several occasions. 有几次 On occasion, we feel like celebrating and have a party. 有时, 遇必要时 On one occasion, he landed in a deserted car park. 曾经,有 一次 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

54 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 10) out of one’s depth 水深过头;超越自己的能力;理解不 了的 Jack was not a good swimmer, add nearly drowned when he drifted out beyond his depth. I am out of my depth when it comes to natural science. in depth 广泛地;彻底地 a study in depth of the poems explore a subject in depth an in-depth study 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

55 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 11) think well of not think much of 看轻 think better of sb. 对某人印象好;看重某人 think better of sth. 改变 …… 念头;打消主意 think highly of 看重;器重 think well of 重视 think little of 看轻;看不起 think poorly of 不放在眼里;轻视 think nothing of 轻视;认为无所谓;认为没什么了不起 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

56 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 12) stand by a. to remain uninvolved; to refrain from acting b. to remain loyal to; to aid or support c. to keep or maintain d. to be ready or available to act He stood by me through all my troubles. The police are standing by to control the crowd if it is necessary. You should always stand by your promises. You can’t stand by and allow such a thing. 3.Rhetoric 3.2 Phrases and expressions

57 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.3 Word building List: Prefix—hind- Suffix— -ette Derivative: orate Suffix— -fer

58 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.3 Word building hindquarters Prefix—hind- :located at or forming the back or rear Examples: hindquarters n. 后腿,臀部 hindlimb (hind legs a.) n. ( 动物或昆虫的 ) 后肢,下肢 hindsight n. 枪的表尺,后瞄准器;后见之明,事后聪明 I now know with hindsight that I did him a terrible wrong. 我事后 才明白我完全冤枉了他。 hindmost a. 最后面的, 最后部的

59 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.3 Word building statuette suffix—-ette a. small; diminutive 表示小的,小型的 b. female 表示女性的 c. an imitation or inferior kind of cloth 表示仿造品或衣料质 地较差的 a.kitchenette 小厨房 novelette 中或短篇 luncheonette 小餐馆 launderette 自动洗衣店 b. usherette 女引座员 drum majorette 鼓乐 bachelorette 未婚女子 c. Leatherette 人造革

60 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.3 Word building Oratory orate v. to speak in a formal, pompous manner oration n. a formal speech, especially one given on a ceremonial occasion; a speech delivered in a high-flown or pompous manner orator n. one who delivers an oration; an eloquent and skilled public speaker oratory n. the art of public speaking; eloquence or skill in making speeches to the public; public speaking marked by the use of overblown rhetoric

61 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.3 Word building Confer -fer : from Latin: ferre = to carry 携带 fertile 肥沃的,多产的 afferent 传入的 defer 推迟,延期,听从,服从 proffer 提供 efferent 传出的,输出管, infer 推断, offer, differ, refer, suffer, transfer, prefer

62 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 1) Parallelism 2) The Use of Complement 3.Rhetoric 3.4 Grammar

63 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby I) The method of expressing ideas of equal importance in the same or similar grammatical form is called PARALLELISM. Parallel constructions: listing, contrast, choice, comparison Examples: all shouting the same thing, all warming their hands at the fire of their prejudices—two absolute constructions (listing) not by thought; by an invisible and irresistible spring in his neck. —two prepositional phrases (contrast) To be or not to be, that is a question. —two infinitive phrases (choice) Crawling up down a mountain is sometimes harder than climbing up. —two participle phrases.(comparison) 3.Rhetoric 3.4 Grammar

64 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3.Rhetoric 3.4 Grammar 2) The Use of Complement 1.Next to her, crouched the statuette of a leopard,ready to spring down… —adjective phrase as subject complement 2.You could hear the wind, trapped in his chest and struggling with all the unnatural impediments. —past and present participles as object complement 3.It took the swimmer some distance from the shore and left him there, out of his depth. —prepositional phrase as object complement

65 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby More examples: Tired and sleepy, I went to bed. Lincoln was born a poor farmer’s boy and died President of the United States. People are just born what color they are. As a true friend he stood by me to the end. John wears his hair very long. Can I have this parcel weighed here? I called this robbing Peter to pay Paul. As the main eating implement, the Chinese use chopsticks every day. 3.Rhetoric 3.4 Grammar

66 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 3. 3.

67 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 4.1 Quiz Quiz Quiz 3 4. Classroom Tests

68 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Put in appropriate prepositions or adverbs: 1) All these possibilities are consideration. 2) She feels ill ease with so many strangers watching. 3) I was my wit’s end. I really didn’t know what to do. 4) He was totally a loss for words. 5) Go and ask his wife. She must be the know. 1)under 2)at 3)at 4)at 5)in 4. Classroom Test 4.1 Quiz 1

69 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 6) Be your guard. Not everyone who smiles at you is a friend. 7) This chair is place in this room. Get rid of it. 8) A pay rise is the question. The company is operating a loss this year. 9) She knew that she was against very strong opposition. 10) They are very bad terms at the moment. They don’t speak to each other. 6) On 7) out of 8) out of, at 9) up 10) on 4. Classroom Test 4.1 Quiz 1

70 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 4.2 Quiz 2 4. Classroom Test 4.2 Quiz 2 1) ____that you arrive at the airport at least half an hour ahead. A)to see B)seen C)See to it D)have seen 2)She had a hard time____ me to accept the job A)persuading B)to persuade C)persuaded D)to have persuaded

71 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 4.2 Quiz 2 4. Classroom Test 4.2 Quiz 2 3) If I had taken the doctor’s advice I____ by now. A)have recovered B)recovered C)should have recovered D)was recovering 4)No sooner_____ to the station___ it started. A)I have got….than B)I had got…when C)have I got…than D)had I got…than

72 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 5) The tremendous heat at a star’s core, __ tremendous gravity, joins the nuclei of hydrogen atoms. a. combined with b. having combined with c. combining with d. being combined with 6) __ the choice of a fine home downtown and a modest one in the suburbs, the latter will win. a. Being given b. Given c. If given d. When given 4. Classroom Test 4. 2 Quiz 2

73 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 7) Despite their good service, most inns are less costly than hotels of _____ standards. a. equivalent b. alike c. uniform d. likely 8) Very few scientists _______ completely new answers to the world’s problems. a. come up with b. come out c. come round d. come up to 4. Classroom Test 4. 2 Quiz 2

74 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 9) For the success of the project, the company should __ the most of the opportunities at hand. a. obtain b. grasp c. catch d. make (TEM-4, 98) 10) The local police are authorized to __ anyone’s movements as they think it. a. pause b. halt c. repel d. keep (TEM-4, 98) 4. Classroom Test 4. 2 Quiz 2

75 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 11) She was standing outside in the snow, __ with cold. a. spinning b. shivering c. shaking d. staggering (TEM-4, 04) 12) The accusation left him quite __ with rage. a.quiet b. silent c. mute d. speechless 4. Classroom Test 4.2 Quiz 2

76 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby 13) As the drug took __ the patient became quieter. a. force b. effect c. action d. influence 14) He is now convinced __ the truth of the report. a. about b. in c. at d. of 4. Classroom Test 4. 2 Quiz 2

77 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Word Derivation 1)It took courage and _______________ (determined) to break the habit of smoking. 2) (admit) to this university is by examination only. 3)Children are usually taught not to play (violence). 4) (nature), our pronunciation is far from perfect. 5) “But how can we pay for it?” said John (practice). determination Admission violently Naturally practically Fill out the blanks with the proper form of the given words. 4. Classroom Test 4. 3 Quiz 3

78 Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby Word Derivation 6) He impressed me (favor). 7) The army is making (prepare) for a full-scale invasion. 8) I am afraid I do not have the final (decide) in these matters. 9) “Will there be any food left over?” he asked (hope). 10) He did not pay close (attend) to the details. favorably preparations decision hopefully attention 4. Classroom Test 4. 3 Quiz 3

79 5. Assignments 5.1 Please write a précis of Text A, which is to be checked next time in class. 5.2 Accomplish the tasks at the end of Text A, which are to be checked next time in class. 5.3 Read Text B and find out what it is about for out-of class appreciation. Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby

80 6. Intensive Language Practice 6.1 Vocabulary (pages 8-10) 6.2 Grammar (pages 23-28) 6.3 Writing (60’) Check on the Text A précis Critical writing (pages 29-30) Lesson 1 – Thinking as a Hobby


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