Presentation on theme: "W. J. Haynie North Carolina State University College of Education Department of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education Technology, Engineering and."— Presentation transcript:
W. J. Haynie North Carolina State University College of Education Department of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education Technology, Engineering and Design Education Program Forty Years of Change – What’s Next?
YES! That’s me at the top! The world looks much different from 60 feet up.
Early History Before I came along, our field, Industrial Arts, had evolved from several movements including: Industrial Education Sloyd Imperial Technical School Moscow Manual Training Manual Arts
A Typical 1950’s IA Project
Biggest Contemporary Influences Dewey Olson Warner
Olson’s Definition of Industrial Arts Industrial Arts is a study of the technology, its origin and development; its technical, consumer, occupational, recreational, social, and cultural nature; and its influences through experimenting, creating, designing, inventing, constructing and operating with industrial materials, processes, and products. Its purposes are to aquaint the student with his technological environment and to aid him in the discovery and development of his own human potential.
Jimmie took Jr Hi Industrial Arts Built a cutting board A chess board A lamp Turned a wooden bowl Hand carved a serving tray Turned a toy cannon of brass
Background Information In High School Jimmie built a desk
Required Coursework ODU -- IAE 1970 Drafting I Woodwork I Metals I Graphic Arts I Electronics I & II Photography One of three crafts courses Two technical electives
Technical Electives Electronics III & IV Architectural drafting Advanced Machine drafting Woods II Metals II Advanced Graphic Arts Power & Mechanics Ceramics Leather and Plastics Special Topics
The Old Shop Teacher
A Lockable Tool Panel
1950’s shops were huge & so were the machines!
By the 60’s we were already downsizing equipment
Many of the procedures were hazardous
I had Junior High kids brazing and gas welding
Universities prepared teachers with high skill levels and versatility An article in School Shop was a good contribution to the field for a professor to make
The courses developed lots of hands-on skills Teachers were extremely versatile and could do a little bit in any trade areas Courses were viewed as pre- vocational by the public if not purely vocational –But look at what I was able to do with these skills …
Our House Before & After our Addition I designed and built the whole second floor
Racing with Darrell
Then, 1970’s, Big Changes Biggest Influences were IACP and Don Maley New “cluster” courses like Manufacturing, Construction, Exploring Technology
Shops became Laboratories Big old equipment was not needed More group work was included Models replaced furniture in many classes But the “old guard” held on to old classes and facilities scoffingly
Olson had been ignored in his heyday But now many of the things he projected actually came to fruition in both IACP and Maley’s plans The word “technology” was coming into vogue
Modern modular labs were popular in the 70’s-90’s.
These labs allowed us to teach in small scale what was going on in industry as automation and robotics began to change our nation’s manufacturing and jobs from skills to machine tending and watching. The trouble was, once the students finally got the machine to do its job, they just waited and watched it whirrr.
Mini Robots taught new concepts
A Tool Cart
More Group Work, Fewer Individual Projects A big impact of IACP was the initial move away from individual take- home projects Maley’s approach was termed by some as “science fair copies in the shop” – Though uncomplimentary, such statements had some truth
University Professors had to publish in refereed journals. University curricula included the new ideas and courses
Technical Coursework 1975 at Penn State Included Drafting I Woods I Metals I (taught by Industrial Engineering) Graphic Arts Manufacturing Construction Electronics I
A typical Group Project A typical group project in Construction 1970’s-80’s
The 1980’s brought more Group Work Emphasis on Technology Robotics Table Top Technology Integration with core subjects Modular Labs and Equipment Vendors took lead in curriculum development for public schools
Ah yes, Ye Olde Plastics Center, What woodshop wasn’t complete without it?
The hobbyshop movement of the 80’s and beyond
Late 1980’s name change from Industrial Arts to Technology Education Had good and bad effects –Mom and dad wanted kids to take technology –But we became confused with instructional media
ITEA’s new definition compared to Olson’s Definition Industrial Arts is a study of the technology, its origin and development; its technical, consumer, occupational, recreational, social, and cultural nature; and its influences through experimenting, creating, designing, inventing, constructing and operating with industrial materials, processes, and products. Its purposes are to acquaint the student with his technological environment and to aid him in the discovery and development of his own human potential. Technology Education – A comprehensive, action-based educational program concerned with technical means, their evolution, utilization and significance with industry, its organization, personnel, systems, techniques, resources and products and their social and cultural impact. ITEA late 80’s
The Obedient Skeptic
Ah, Yes, The 1990’s Modules less highly prised Groupwork still growing More Females Computers everywhere now Communication big subject Lasers, TV production, modeling -- SYSTEMS
NCSU TED Curriculum 1990’s Sketching and CAD Woods I Metals I Electronics I Graphic Arts I Manufacturing Construction Transportation Communication Architectural CAD
Transitioned from hands-on to computer simulations
There were still technical and safety issues, but they were different A Rat’s Nest of Wires
How I Feel Much of the Time
Methods Young adults from TED 481 at NC State University, N=25. Typical rather than prompted behavior desired, so no direct instruction concerning design logs and little reference to contents. Logs copied for assessment, originals returned to students after grading Team of 3 assessors using instruments from previous study revised. Universities stressed RESEARCH And required a research theme
My Pride & Joy
The Turn of the Century Emerging Issues in Technology began to “emerge” as new courses and form basis of curricula
emerging Technologies need different labs
The Engineering Emphasis began to have impact New Name for NCSU Program: –Technology, Engineering and Design Education New Name for ITEA = ITEEA: –International Technology and Engineering Education Association We still missed the mark ! Art = Design!
New Technical Curriculum: Sketching and CAD I Architectural CAD Materials & Processes Engineering & Design I & II Manufacturing OR Design Desktop Publishing & Media Emerging Issues Senior Design Project R&D 3 technical electives required
If We Could ever Really Live Up To Olson’s Definition We Would Be Great Technology, Engineering and Design Education is a study of technology, innovation, engineering and design, their origin and development; their technical, consumer, occupational, recreational, social, and cultural nature; and their influences through experimenting, creating, designing, inventing, simulating, gaming, constructing and operating with traditional and engineered materials, processes, and products. Its purposes are to acquaint the student with the technological environment and to aid in the discovery and development of each individual’s human potential. Haynie’s Version for 2011
Pause to Consider: Are we certain that joining hands exclusively with engineering is our best future? What about design and the arts component from Industrial Arts? Would little Jimmie fit into a pre- engineering course? Do we have something now for kids like me?
Do We Know What We’re Heading For?
Really be replaced with this?
It’s Been “REAL!” I truly have loved NCSU I have deeply loved Teaching I hope I made a few impacts for the better Thanks be to God that Mr. Ward saw something in Jimmie other than a juvenile delinquent I hope I have helped just one little “Jimmie” along the way Looking forward to retirement, but not to idleness.