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Anti-Doping Education and Information Seminar Canadian Interuniversity Sport Academic School Year 2006-2007.

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Presentation on theme: "Anti-Doping Education and Information Seminar Canadian Interuniversity Sport Academic School Year 2006-2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 Anti-Doping Education and Information Seminar Canadian Interuniversity Sport Academic School Year

2 Overview Doping Control Procedures Know athletes’ rights and responsibilities Definition of Doping Understand the sanctions List of Prohibited Substances and Methods Be familiar with the CIS Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemptions process Supplements Be aware of the potential risks True Sport Wrap-up

3 Athlete’s Rights As an athlete subject to doping control, you have the right to:  Have a representative and, if required, an interpreter.  Ask for additional information about the sample collection process.  Request a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons (e.g., media, medal ceremony, warm-down, etc.) Under the supervision of a chaperone at all times.

4 Athlete’s Responsibilities As an athlete subject to doping control, you have the responsibility to:  Remain within sight of the notifying chaperone at all times.  Provide valid identification.  Comply with the sample collection procedures.  Report to the doping control station within 60 minutes of being notified.  Maintain possession of your sample until it is sealed.

5 Discussion What is doping?

6 Definition of Doping The Canadian Anti-Doping Program defines doping as the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations: Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s body. Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method. Refusing or failing to submit to doping control. Missing a test or failure to meet athlete whereabouts requirements. (Continued on next slide)

7 Definition of Doping (Continued) Tampering or attempting to tamper with any part of the doping control process. Possession of prohibited substances or methods. Trafficking in any prohibited substances or methods. Administration or attempted administration of a prohibited substance or method to an athlete.

8 Sanctions First violation: Typically results in a two-year period of ineligibility. Second violation: Typically results in a lifetime ban or period of ineligibility. All athletes have a right to a hearing following an adverse analytical (positive) finding.

9 Sanctions Involving Specified Substances For example, cannabis, glucocorticosteroids, alcohol, beta blockers If it can be shown that use was not intended to enhance performance. First violation: Range from a warning and reprimand, to one-year period of ineligibility. Second Violation: Two years’ ineligibility. Third Violation: Lifetime ineligibility. For more information on the results management process, visit or contact the Sport Dispute Resolution Centre of Canada.

10 List of Prohibited Substances and Methods Two of the following three criteria must be met for a substance or method to be included on the Prohibited List. The use of a substance or method: 1.Has the potential to enhance or enhances sport performance. 2.Represents an actual or potential health risk. 3.Violates the spirit of sport.

11 Prohibited List Categories: Substances  Anabolic agents  Hormones & related substances  Beta-2-agonists  Agents with anti-estrogenic activity  Diuretics & other masking agents  Stimulants (e.g., ephedrine)  Narcotics (e.g., morphine)  Cannabinoids (e.g., hashish)  Glucocorticosteroids  Sport specific Determined by the sport International Federation. Visit (www.wada-ama.org)www.wada-ama.org

12 Prohibited List Categories: Methods  Enhancement of oxygen transfer. (e.g., blood doping)  Chemical and physical manipulation (e.g., urine substitution or alteration)  Gene doping (e.g., non-therapeutic use of cells, genes and genetic elements)

13 Examples of Misunderstood Substances Caffeine Pseudoephedrine (commonly found in over-the-counter cold decongestant medications) Are not prohibited substances WADA Monitoring Program Substances in this program are currently monitored to detect patterns of misuse in sport. To find out more, visit ama.org > Prohibited Listwww.wada- ama.org

14 Possible Side Effects Anabolic agents Severe back acne, liver disease, high blood pressure, psychological depression. Stimulants High blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmia. Narcotics Nausea, decreased heart rate, dependence. Cannabinoids Decreased concentration, impaired learning abilities, lung and throat cancer.

15 Strict Liability An anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance is found in an athlete’s body, whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault.

16 Cannabis: Don’t Get Sidelined  The presence of cannabinoids or its metabolites in your body is an anti-doping rule violation.  Despite its classification as a specified substance, an anti-doping violation involving cannabis is still considered a first time anti- doping violation.  Cannabis can remain in your system over an extended period of time (longer than a month.)  Disturbing Trend for Athletes: Cannabis can be laced with cocaine. This typically leads to a two-year ban from competitive sport.

17 Take Action  Don’t risk it! You don’t know what other narcotics may be contained within cannabis.  Remove yourself from the environment.  Avoid direct or significant second-hand exposure to cannabis.

18 True or False Asthma inhaler medications contain prohibited ingredients.

19 Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUE)  May be granted to an athlete permitting the use of a prohibited substance or method on the Prohibited List.  There are two types of TUE forms: Abbreviated TUE Standard TUE

20 Abbreviated Therapeutic Use Exemptions (ATUE)  Four Beta-2-agonists (inhalation) (i.e., salbutamol, salmeterol, terbutaline, formoterol)  Glucocorticosteroids (inhalation and/or local injections) (e.g., Pulmicort, Flovent)  ATUEs are valid for up to one year and must be renewed annually thereafter.  CIS athletes who are not affiliated with any other NSO are no longer required to submit ATUEs prior to testing. A new retroactive submission process is in effect.

21 Standard Therapeutic Use Exemption (STUE)  For all other prohibited substances or methods.  Available only on request from the CCES.  Required for all athletes (including CIS), at least 21 days prior to competition.  ATUEs and STUEs have different application forms and processes.  To speak with someone directly, contact the CCES Infoline at

22 Take Action  Verify the status of all prescription or over-the-counter medications using the Global Drug Information Database (DID) (www.didglobal.com)www.didglobal.com  Request that your physician and/or pharmacist use this resource.  Stay informed on which TUE process, if any, applies to you.

23 Discussion Are you aware of the risks associated with the use of supplements or sport nutrition products?

24 Supplements: Potential Risks  Limited industry regulation particularly outside of Canada.  Improper labelling or omission of contained ingredients.  Potential cross contamination.  Exceeding recommended dosages.

25 CCES Position on Supplement Use  The CCES does not promote the use of supplements, yet recognizes that some athletes choose to use them. However, we acknowledge there is need to assist athletes in making informed decisions.

26 Helping Athletes Minimize the Risks  CCES partnership with NSF International  Program to minimize risk of inadvertent doping from prohibited substances in supplements.  Certification concentrates on the categories of stimulants, anabolic steroids, beta-2 agonists and masking agents.  Certified products are: Labelled “NSF Certified For Sport” Listed on the NSF website (www.nsf.org)www.nsf.org

27 Take Action Protect your eligibility!  Seek advice from a nutritionist, sport doctor or pharmacist.  Never use a supplement on the recommendation of a teammate or competitor.  Ask yourself – do I really need this or are there other alternatives?

28 True Sport Movement … Connecting those who believe that sport – good sport – is a strong ingredient in building character, enhancing our human potential and contributing to healthy, vibrant communities and a more socially connected Canada.

29 Sport’s positive contribution Fair Play Teamwork Respect Tolerance Dedication Goal Setting Importance of practice Winning and losing with grace Self confidence / Self-assuredness Fun Perseverance Fitness Commitment and the list goes on! Sport is a universal language. At its best it can bring people together, no matter what their origin, background, religious beliefs or economic status. And when young people participate in sports or have access to physical education, they can experience real exhilaration even as they learn the ideals of teamwork and tolerance. Kofi Annan

30 True Sport Key Principles Go For It o Play Fair o Respect Others o Keep It Fun o Stay Healthy o Give Back True Sport Core Values Fun o Fairness o Excellence o Inclusion

31 You are invited to…  Join It Commit. Take a stand. Declare your membership and have your CIS team declare too!  Show It Be a leader. Inspire others.  Live It Make a difference. Lead by example. Contribute to sport in a positive way  Grow It Talk about it. Encourage others. Share your positive experiences with teammates and youth. Visit truesport.ca!

32 Your CCES Resources CCES Information Line (toll-free) General Inquiries: Substance Inquiry Service: Web sites The Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport Global Drug Information Database NSF International All sport images are courtesy of the CIS. True Sport The Sport Dispute Resolution Centre of Canada The World Anti-Doping Agency


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