2 What is Doping ?The following constitute Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRV):Presence of a prohibited substance in a player's bodily specimen (urine orblood).Use or attempted use of a prohibited substance or method.Refusing, or failing without compelling justification, to submit to a doping test.Violation of requirements regarding player‘s availability for out-of-competitiontesting, including failure to provide acurate whereabouts.Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of the doping test.Possession, administration or trafficking of any prohibited substance ormethod.Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, covering up or any other type ofcomplicity involving an ADRV.
3 Who can be accused of an ADRV? AgentTeamDoctorThe PlayerAdministratorCoachPhysiotherapistAs a consequence, everyone involved in basketball shall be well informed about doping and its consequences.
4 FIGHT Against doping & resulting process A basketball player must :Make himself available for testing in-competitionMake himself available for testing out-of-competitionObtain a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) prior to using a medication which contains a prohibited substance
5 In & Out-of-competition testing In-Competition Testingat national level, organised by a national body (e.g: NF, NADO)at international level, organised by FIBA, IOC, etcOut-of-Competition Testingat national level, organised by a national body (e.g: NF, NADO)at international level, organised by FIBA, WADA*Definition of a RTP: Pool of top-level players established separately by each International Federation and National Anti-Doping OrganisationNote:Top players may be included by NF/NADO/FIBA in a Registered Testing Pool (RTP)*.As a consequence, they must provide upon request their daily whereabouts for agiven time period (usually 3 months) so that they can be located for testing at all times.
6 Therapeutic Use Exemptions Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) process:Where to apply for a TUE?For players who intend to play at national level:To the competent national TUE Committee by sending the request to:- National Federation (Contact details under- National Anti-Doping Organisation (NADO)For players who intend to play at international level:To the FIBA TUE Committee:Note: TUE application forms can be downloaded from the FIBA website.
7 Prohibited Substances Which substances are mostly found in basketball?CannabisTestosterone (Elevated T/E ratio)NandroloneEphedrine & Pseudoephedrine(“over the counter” supplements!)CocaineStimulantsMethylhexaneamine
8 Result ManagementSanctionsIn case of a positive result (Adverse Analytical Finding – AAF)Who is competent to decide ?At national levelAt international levelNF, NADO, etcFIBAIOC (Olympic Games)Which FIBA bodies decide?Who can appeal to which body?
9 National Competent body FIBA Disciplinary Panel Result ManagementDecision- making BodiesCourt of Arbitrationfor Sport (CAS)FIBA Appeals’ PanelWADANational Competent body(NF, NOC, NADO)OrOther Organisations(IOC, OCA, NBA)PlayerFIBA Disciplinary Panel
10 2010 FIBA Anti-Doping Rules FIBA Rules are drafted on the basis of the WADA Model Rulesfor International Federations.However, some parts specific to FIBA & the sport of basketball aremaintained (e.g: sanctioning mechanism).
11 Result management procedures FIBA notifies by registered mail of the positive result:The player/AgentThe NF/NADOWADAAt the same time, FIBA:May suspend the player provisionally,Notifies the player of his right to :ask for the B sample analysisbe heard before the FIBA Disciplinary Panel
12 What are the Sanctions? Non-Specified substances: 2 years' ineligibilitySpecified substances:At a minimum a reprimandand maximum 2 years’ ineligibility,If the player can establish how a specified substance entered in his body or came into his possession and that there was no intention to enhance the sport performance or to mask the use of a performance-enhancing substance.Reduction, elimination or increase of period of ineligibility, depend on the players’ fault or negligenceSee table in Art for multiple violations, if applicableIf more than one player within one team has an AAF, consequences to teams may also apply (see Art.11).
13 INEligibility PERIOD Commencement of Ineligibility Period Date of the decision ( see Art.10.9 for exceptions)Status during IneligibilityProhibition against participation in any capacity in an Event or activity (also include NBA / WNBA/ NBDL) other than authorized anti-doping education or rehabilitation programs.Training is authorized :for Players who have been suspended for 18 months or more, as of 6 months prior to the expiry of the period of Ineligibilityfor Players who have been suspended for less than 18 months, as of 3 months prior to the expiry of the period of Ineligibility.
14 INEliGIBILITY PERIOD Violation of the prohibition of participation : all medals and prizes are forfeitedthe period of Ineligibility starts over again as of the date of the violation (unless the Secretary General decides otherwise).In any case, the Player remains subject to Testing.
15 INEliGIBILITY PEriod Reinstatement Testing As a condition to regain eligibility, a Player must :Be available for Out-of-Competition TestingComply with the whereabouts requirementsNB: No financial sanction may be considered as a basis for reducing the period of Inegibility.
16 appeal 1. Decisions subject to Appeal Any decision made under these Anti-Doping Rules.2. Persons entitled to AppealPlayer or other Person subject to the decisionFIBA and any other Anti-Doping OrganizationIOCWADA
17 APPEAL 3. Time for filing Appeal Appeal must be made in writing and must be received by FIBA within the limit provided for in the applicable General Status or Internal Regulations of FIBA. In the absence of such a limit the statement of appeal must be received by FIBA within 14 days following the day of receipt by the appealing party of the decision being appealed against.Failure to file a timely appeal in accordance with this paragraph is deemed to be a waiver of the right to appeal.The appeal shall be accompaigned by a copy of the decision appealed against.
18 APPEAL4. Decisions taken by national member federations or organizations outside FIBAThe Secretary General may decide :- to adopt such decision for FIBA Competitions if precise requirements are cumulatively met;- to submit a case to FIBA Disciplinary Panel. The Panel may decide whether and to what extent a sanction shall be imposed for the purposes of FIBA Competitions;- all National Federations must comply with decision of FIBA.
19 Useful References WADA Prohibited Substances and Methods FIBA Internal Regulations governing Anti-DopingOthers:Medical Corner (www.fiba.com/experts): Anti-Doping procedures (TUE & Whereabouts), FIBA Anti-Doping Rules, Prohibited List, Doping Control process, Clean Game campaign, etc.WADA website (www.wada-ama.org): WADA Code, International Standards, Prohibited List, NADO contact details, etc.
20 USEFUL REFEREncesFor further information, please contact FIBA Anti-Doping Department : Ms.Virginie Alberto, Anti-Doping Officer,