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Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path (Psa. 119:105)

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Presentation on theme: "Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path (Psa. 119:105)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path (Psa. 119:105)

2 Calling On The Name Of The Lord “Whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Ro.10:13)

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22 Brett W. Hogland 22 Max Lucado: “Up Words” – KJAK Lubbock, TXDecember 1996 Invited The Listening Audience To Join In The Following Prayer: “Father, I give you my heart; I give you my sins. I give you my tears; I give you my fears; I give you my whole life. I accept the gift of your Son on the cross for my sins; And I ask you, Father, to receive me as your child. Through Jesus, I pray…[AMEN]”

23 Brett W. Hogland 23 (after a brief announcement from his sponsor, Max Lucado continued…) “If today is the first day you’ve ever prayed a prayer like that, could you do me a favor? Could you write me a letter? I don’t have anything I’m going to ask from you… I do have a letter I would like to send you. I’d like to give you a word or two about the next step or two… I want to encourage you to find a church. I want to encourage you to be baptized. I want to encourage you to read your Bible. But I don’t want you to do any of these things, so that you will be saved… I want you to do all of that because you are saved!”

24 Brett W. Hogland 24 Luke 18:13 9 Also He spoke this parable to some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: 10 "Two men went up to the temple to pray, one a Pharisee and the other a tax collector. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

25 Brett W. Hogland 25 Luke 18:13 11 "The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, 'God, I thank You that I am not like other men--extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this tax collector. 12 'I fast twice a week; I give tithes of all that I possess.' Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

26 Brett W. Hogland 26 Luke 18:13 13 "And the tax collector, standing afar off, would not so much as raise his eyes to heaven, but beat his breast, saying, 'God, be merciful to me a sinner!‘ 14 "I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other; for everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be exalted." Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

27 Brett W. Hogland 27 The Abuse of Luke 18:13 Corrected  Parable to “some who trusted in themselves that they were righteous and despised others” (v.9)  The point of the prayer is recognition of the need of forgiveness - not how alien sinner is to be saved Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

28 Brett W. Hogland 28 The Abuse of Luke 18:13 Corrected  The tax collector was under the Law of Moses  Already in a covenant relationship with God (1Jo.1:7,9)  Don’t have the totality of his obedience recorded (Le.4:27,28,35)  We are not under the same law (Co.2:14) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

29 Brett W. Hogland 29 John 1:12 11 He came to His own, and His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, to those who believe in His name: 13 who were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

30 Brett W. Hogland 30 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again - of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

31 Brett W. Hogland 31 John 3:3-5 (3) Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“

32 Brett W. Hogland 32 John 3:3-5 (3) Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ (5) Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.

33 Brett W. Hogland 33 John 3:3-5 (3) Jesus answered and said to him, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.“ (5) Jesus answered, "Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.

34 Brett W. Hogland 34 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again -of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Born of the Spirit = Begotten or born through the Word (Js.1:18) (1Pe.1:22-23) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

35 Brett W. Hogland 35 James 1:18 Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures.

36 Brett W. Hogland 36 James 1:18 Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. (KJV)

37 Brett W. Hogland 37 James 1:18 Of His own will He brought us forth by the word of truth, that we might be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures. Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures. (KJV)

38 Brett W. Hogland 38 1 Peter 1:22-23 (22) Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, (23) having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever,

39 Brett W. Hogland 39 1 Peter 1:22-23 (22) Since you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit in sincere love of the brethren, love one another fervently with a pure heart, (23) having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever,

40 Brett W. Hogland 40 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again -of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Born of the Spirit = Begotten or born through the Word (Js.1:18) (1Pe.1:22-23) Born of Water = Water Baptism in His name (Ac.10:47) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

41 Brett W. Hogland 41 Acts 10: "Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?"

42 Brett W. Hogland 42 Acts 10: "Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?"

43 Brett W. Hogland 43 Acts 10: "Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?"

44 Brett W. Hogland 44 Acts 10: "Can anyone forbid water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?" 48 And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then they asked him to stay a few days.

45 Brett W. Hogland 45 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again -of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Born of the Spirit = Begotten or born through the Word (Js.1:18) (1Pe.1:22-23) Born of Water = Water Baptism in His name (Ac.10:47)  Newness of life (Ro.6:4) - Made sons of God (Ga.3:26-27) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

46 Brett W. Hogland 46 Romans 6:4 Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.

47 Brett W. Hogland 47 Sons of God - (Gal.3:26-27) 26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

48 Brett W. Hogland 48 Sons of God - (Gal.3:26-27) 26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

49 Brett W. Hogland 49 Sons of God - (Gal.3:26-27)  You Are:  sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus  For = Because: (gar: properly assigning a reason)  You… Were:  baptized into Christ Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

50 Brett W. Hogland 50 Sons of God –through faith Baptized into Christ Put on Christ How do we become children of God? (Gal.3:26-27) - Because - - Thus -

51 Brett W. Hogland 51 Sons of God - (Gal.3:26-27) Sons of God ( through faith) Baptized into Christ Put on Christ Therefore - Sons of God ( through faith) Baptized into Christ Put on Christ Not Because Thus Because Thus

52 Brett W. Hogland 52 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again -of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Born of the Spirit = Begotten or born through the Word (Js.1:18) (1Pe.1:22-23) Born of Water = Water Baptism in His name (Ac.10:47)  Newness of life (Ro.6:4) - Made sons of God (Ga.3:26-27) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

53 Brett W. Hogland 53 The Abuse of John 1:12 Corrected  To them (as many as received Him)  He gave the right to become children of God  To those who: 1) Believe in His name 2) Were born… of God Born of God = Born again -of water and the Spirit (Jo.3:3-5) Born of the Spirit = Begotten or born through the Word (Js.1:18) (1Pe.1:22-23) Born of Water = Water Baptism in His name (Ac.10:47)  Newness of life (Ro.6:4) - Made sons of God (Ga.3:26-27) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer (Baptized)

54 Brett W. Hogland 54 Revelation 3:20 "Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

55 Brett W. Hogland 55 Revelation 3:20 "Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and dine with him, and he with Me. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

56 Brett W. Hogland 56 The Abuse of Rev.3:20 Corrected  These words are addressed to the church  (Re.1:11) (Re.3:14, 22) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

57 Brett W. Hogland 57 Revelation 1:11 saying, "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last," and, "What you see, write in a book and send it to the seven churches which are in Asia: to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamos, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea." Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

58 Brett W. Hogland 58 Revelation 3:14,22 14 "And to the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write, 'These things says the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God: 22 "He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches."' Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

59 Brett W. Hogland 59 The Abuse of Rev.3:20 Corrected  These words are addressed to the church  (Re.1:11) (Re.3:14, 22)  The church is the body of the saved (Ac.2:47)(Ep.5:23) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

60 Brett W. Hogland 60 Acts 2:47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved. Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

61 Brett W. Hogland 61 The Abuse of Rev.3:20 Corrected  These words are addressed to the church  (Re.1:11) (Re.3:14, 22)  The church is the body of the saved (Ac.2:47)(Ep.5:23)  Christians are not the subject of our query  We are considering the salvation of one outside Christ  Christians can repent and confess their sins to be forgiven  (Ac.8:22) (1Jo.1:9) (Re.3:19)  They are already in a relationship with Christ which affords this blessing  They have already “called on the name of the Lord” (Ac.2:21)  This passage does not pertain to initial salvation Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

62 Brett W. Hogland 62 The Abuse of Rev.3:20 Corrected  These words are addressed to the church  (Re.1:11) (Re.3:14, 22)  The church is the body of the saved (Ac.2:47)(Ep.5:23) Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

63 Brett W. Hogland 63 The Abuse of Rev.3:20 Corrected  These words are addressed to the church  (Re.1:11) (Re.3:14, 22)  The church is the body of the saved (Ac.2:47)(Ep.5:23)  Christians are not the subject of our query  We are considering the salvation of one outside Christ  This passage does not pertain to initial salvation Examining Some “Proof” Texts For The Sinner’s Prayer

64 Brett W. Hogland 64 Calling On The Name Of The Lord What Does It Really Mean?  The admonition: (Ps.145:18) –“The Lord is near to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth”

65 Brett W. Hogland 65 Calling On The Name Of The Lord What Does It Really Mean?  The admonition: (Ps.145:18) –“The Lord is near to all who call upon Him, to all who call upon Him in truth”

66 Brett W. Hogland 66 Calling On The Name Of The Lord What Does It Really Mean? “Calling On The Name Of The Lord”  epikaleo (epikaleo): to call upon, to invoke; to call upon for one’s self, in one’s behalf: any one as a helper, i. e. to appeal to one, make appeal unto. (Thayer #1941)

67 Brett W. Hogland 67 Calling On The Name Of The Lord What Does It Really Mean? “Calling On The Name Of The Lord”  epikaleo (epikaleo): to call upon, to invoke; to call upon for one’s self, in one’s behalf: any one as a helper, i. e. to appeal to one, make appeal unto. (Thayer #1941)  (Ac.2:21) (Ac.25:11,12,21,25) (Ac.26:32) (Ac.28:19)

68 Brett W. Hogland 68 Acts 2:21 And it shall come to pass That whoever calls on (epikaleo) the name of the LORD Shall be saved.'

69 Brett W. Hogland 69 Acts 25:11 11 "For if I am an offender, or have committed anything deserving of death, I do not object to dying; but if there is nothing in these things of which these men accuse me, no one can deliver me to them. I appeal to (epikaleo) Caesar."

70 Brett W. Hogland 70 Acts 25:12 12 Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, "You have appealed to (epikaleo) Caesar? To Caesar you shall go!"

71 Brett W. Hogland 71 Acts 25:21 21 "But when Paul appealed to (epikaleo) be reserved for the decision of Augustus, I commanded him to be kept till I could send him to Caesar."

72 Brett W. Hogland 72 Acts 25:25 25 "But when I found that he had committed nothing deserving of death, and that he himself had appealed to (epikaleo) Augustus, I decided to send him.

73 Brett W. Hogland 73 Calling On The Name Of The Lord What Does It Really Mean? “Calling On The Name Of The Lord”  epikaleo (epikaleo): to call upon, to invoke; to call upon for one’s self, in one’s behalf: any one as a helper, i. e. to appeal to one, make appeal unto. (Thayer #1941)  (Ac.2:21) (Ac.25:11,12,21,25) (Ac.26:32) (Ac.28:19)  To invoke, or appeal to God’s authority, seeking His blessings - namely, the forgiveness of sins.

74 Brett W. Hogland 74 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)

75 Brett W. Hogland 75 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Romans 6:2 2 Certainly not! How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it?

76 Brett W. Hogland 76 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Romans 6: Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord. 12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts. 13 And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.

77 Brett W. Hogland 77 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5)

78 Brett W. Hogland 78 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Romans 6:4-5 4 Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. 5 For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection,

79 Brett W. Hogland 79 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5) What did Paul call this?

80 Brett W. Hogland 80 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Romans 6:17 But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered.

81 Brett W. Hogland 81 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5) What did Paul call this?  “Obeyed … that form of doctrine” (Ro.6:17)  The “doctrine” is the death, burial, resurrection of the gospel (1Co.15:1-4)

82 Brett W. Hogland 82 Calling On The Name Of The Lord 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 1 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 3 For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,

83 Brett W. Hogland 83 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5) What did Paul call this?  “Obeyed … that form of doctrine” (Ro.6:17)  The “doctrine” (gospel) - death, burial, resurrection (1Co.15:1-4)  The “form” - death, burial, resurrection of baptism (Ro.6:2-5)

84 Brett W. Hogland 84 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5) What did Paul call this?  “Obeyed … that form of doctrine” (Ro.6:17)  The “doctrine” (gospel) - death, burial, resurrection (1Co.15:1-4)  The “form” - death, burial, resurrection of baptism (Ro.6:2-5) Romans 10:13-16

85 Brett W. Hogland 85 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Romans 10: For "whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved." 14 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? 15 And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: "How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!" 16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Isaiah says, "Lord, who has believed our report?"

86 Brett W. Hogland 86 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in what the Romans had done What had the Romans done?  Repented - “died to sin” (Ro.6:2,11-13)  Baptized - “buried” & “raised” (vv.4-5) What did Paul call this?  “Obeyed … that form of doctrine” (Ro.6:17)  The “doctrine” - death, burial, resurrection (1Co.15:1-4)  The “form” - death, burial, resurrection of baptism (Ro.6:2-5) Romans 10:13-16  Hearing, Believing, Calling on the name of the Lord = Obeying the gospel

87 Brett W. Hogland 87 Revealed in a Parallel of Scripture Calling On The Name Of The Lord (Ro.10:13-15) Preacher Hear Believe Call - Lord Shall be saved (Mk.16:15-16) Preach Gospel Believes Baptized Shall be saved

88 Brett W. Hogland 88 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in Paul’s Conversion  Saw a vision (Ac.9:3,12)  Heard the Lord speak directly to him (v.4)  Spoke directly to the Lord (vv.5-6)  Fasted for three days (v.9)  Prayed for three days (v.11) He still was not saved! (v.6)  “Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord” (Ac.22:16)

89 Brett W. Hogland 89 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Revealed in Peter’s Application (Acts 2)  Peter revealed God’s promise - “that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved” (v.21)  The hearers expressed faith by their question  (v.37) “What shall we do?”  Peter did not tell them to accept Jesus into their heart  Peter did not tell them to pray for salvation  Peter told them to repent and “be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins”

90 Brett W. Hogland 90 Calling On The Name Of The Lord Clearly Revealed in (1Pe.3:21)  “baptism (… the answer of a good conscience toward God), (“answer” = eperoteema [eperoteema] )  Thayer: an inquiry, a question: 2. A demand. 3. …signification of earnest seeking, i. e. a craving, an intense desire.  Vines: …is not, as in the KJV, an “answer”. It was used by the Greeks in a legal sense, as a “demand or appeal.” Baptism is therefore the ground of an “appeal” by a good conscience against wrong doing.  Baptism = an appeal (calling on) toward the authority of God (the name of the Lord) for the forgiveness of sins

91 Brett W. Hogland 91 Baptism in the name of the Lord is:  The baptism authorized by Jesus (Mt.28:18-20)  An “appeal” by way of faithful obedience (Mk.16:16) (Ac.2:38) (Ac.10:48)  An act of faith in the working of God - not the working of man (Co.2:12)  Based upon faith in the resurrection (Co.2:12) (1Pe.3:21) (Ro.6:4-5) (Ro.10:9)  Calling upon the name of the Lord (Ac.22:16) Calling On The Name Of The Lord

92 Brett W. Hogland 92 If you…  Prayed the sinners prayer to be saved (??)  Accepted Jesus into your heart to be saved (??)  Believed that you were saved after believing and praying (??) Then you…  Were not calling on the name of the Lord for forgiveness when you were baptized (Ps.145:18) (Ac.22:16)  Were calling on men to see “an outward sign of an inward grace”in you (Mt.15:9,13)  Did not have faith in the working of God to raise you from spiritual death in baptism (Co.2:12) (Ro.6:4-5)  Need to “arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord”!! Calling On The Name Of The Lord


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