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MSHA Haulage Safety Types of Mobile Equipment Pre-Shift Inspection Per 56.14100 l Pre-shift Inspection Inspected by equipment operator before being.

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Presentation on theme: "MSHA Haulage Safety Types of Mobile Equipment Pre-Shift Inspection Per 56.14100 l Pre-shift Inspection Inspected by equipment operator before being."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 MSHA Haulage Safety

3 Types of Mobile Equipment

4 Pre-Shift Inspection Per 56.14100 l Pre-shift Inspection Inspected by equipment operator before being placed in operation on that shift Defects that affect safety corrected in timely manner Equipment with defects taken out of service and parked in designated area Defects not immediately corrected, shall be reported and recorded, until defects are fixed

5 Haulage Requirements l Requirements for Seat Belts Seat Belt on Haul Truck - 56.14131 (SAE J386) Operator Restraint Systems for Off Road Work Machines, 1985 Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance

6 Haulage Requirements l Requirements for Seat Belts Seat Belt on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J386 or SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983) Maintained in functional condition and replaced when necessary to assure proper performance

7 Haulage Requirements l Requirements for ROPS ROPS on Loader - 56.14130 (a) (SAE J1040) Performance Criteria for ROPS Structures for Construction, Earthmoving, Forestry and Mining Machines 1986 or ROPS on Loader - 56.14130(a) (SAE J1194 ROPS for Wheeled Agricultural Tractors 1983)

8 ROPS l Rollover Protective Structure Permanent label affixed to structure with Manufacturer’s Name & Address Make and Model Number of Equipment Installed per Manufacturer’s Recommendations Re-certified by Manufacturer or Registered Professional Engineer with knowledge and experience in ROPS design after rollover of abnormal structural load, alterations or repair

9 FOPS l Falling Object Protection 56.14106 for forklifts, front end loader and bulldozers when used in area when hazard could be created Capable of withstanding loads to which it would be subjected

10 Brakes l Service Brakes - 56.14101(a)(1) Service brake system capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels l Parking Brakes - 56.14101(b)(2) Parking brakes capable of stopping and holding the equipment with its typical load on the maximum grade it travels

11 Brake Test Requirements l Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3) Conducted under the direction of the mine operator in cooperation with the instructions provided by the MSHA Inspector only when: Equipment capable of travelling between 10 & 20 mph Where there is an appropriate test site Front-end loaders have bucket empty Mobile Equipment is not carrying explosives

12 Brake Test Procedures l Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(3) Equipment must reach and maintain a constant speed between 10 & 20 mph prior to enter 100 ft test site Roadway must be wide enough for equipment and must be level, dry and packed Braking with those systems used under normal operating conditions (no parking brakes) In proper gear for the appropriate speed

13 Brake Test Evaluation l Brake Test - 56.14101(b)(4) Stopping distances measures from point where operator receives signal to stop to actual stopping distance Must be within chart in Table 1 If not, operator may request up to 4 more test runs ( 2 in each direction) of which on 3 must meet the appropriate stopping distances for speed and vehicle weight

14 Back-up Alarms l Back-up Alarms 56.14132(a) -When operator has obstructed view to the rear: Automatic reverse activated signal alarm Wheel mounted bell alarm Discriminating backup alarm covers area of view Observer (spotter) 56.9305(c) truck must stop when unable to clearly recognize spotter’s signals l All alarms above surrounding noise levels l Automatic reverse activated at night

15 Windows l Windows 56.14103(a) - If Windows are provided: Made of safety glass or equivalent Maintained to provide safe operation Replaced or removed if damaged and obscures visibility

16 Fire Extinguishers l Fire Extinguishers on Mobile Equipment 56.4230(a) - Whenever a fire or its effects can impede escape from mobile equipment or 56.4230(b) can impede the escape of others in the area, extinguisher must be on vehicle or within a 100 feet of equipment Located to permit use Fire Suppression system can be substituted if it can be activated manually

17 Warning Signals l Warnings 56.14200 - Mobile Equipment Before moving any equipment: Sound a warning that is audible above surrounding area or Use other effective means to warn persons

18 Securing Movable Parts l Warnings 56.14206 - Mobile Equipment When moving any equipment: Parts of equipment must be in travel mode Mechanically secured l Getting Off Equipment - 56.9318 Persons cannot get off moving mobile equipment l Clearances 56.9306 - Warning devices Devices installed and restricted area marked

19 Unattended or Not in Use l Securing Parts 56.14206(b) - Equipment When equipment is unattended or not in use: Parts of equipment must be lowered to ground Mechanically secured l Parking Procedures 56.14207 Equipment not left unattended unless: Placed in park and parking brake set, wheels chocked

20 Warning Devices l Warning Devices 56.14208 When parked and creates a hazard When carrying load that project more than 4 feet beyond sides or rear Must have visible warning device (Red Flag) attached to end of load or person walking beside or behind load with flag or light Must use light in limited visibility condition

21 Movement of Buckets l Movement of Buckets, Dippers, Booms 56.14210 Not be swung over Operator’s station on Mobile Equipment until operator is out of station and in a safe location Does not apply to equipment specially designed to protect operator from falling objects (FOPS)

22 Transporting People l Transporting People 56.9200(a) Persons Not Transported in or on: dippers, forks, clamshells, buckets in beds of mobile equipment on the top of loads, with materials/equipment outside cabs, equipment stations between cars on trains, on leading ends to and from work areas on crowded equipment on conveyors

23 Transporting People l Transporting People 56.9200(b) Persons Transported in beds of mobile equipment when provisions are made for secure travel and means are taken to prevent accidental unloading if equipment is provided with unloading device when necessary for maintenance, testing or training and above provisions taken On conveyors when designed for such travel

24 Working in Raised Position l Blocking of Equipment 56.14211 Persons cannot work on top, under or from Mobile Equipment in a raised position until the equipment has been blocked or mechanically secured from movement provided with a functional load locking device or equivalent l Repairs During Maintenance 56.14105 Blocked against motion/power off (lockout)

25 Berms l Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(a) must be provided and maintained: On banks of roadways where a drop off of sufficient grade and depth may cause a vehicle to overturn or endanger equipment operators Must be at least mid-axle height of largest vehicle Have openings for drainage

26 Berms Not Required l Berms or Guardrails 56.9300(d) may not be required provided that and elevated roadways are infrequently traveled and used by service or maintenance vehicles And locked gates are installed at entrance points Warning signs posted “Roadway NOT bermed” Delineators installed at intervals (3) to indicate edge Maximum speed limit is posted (slope,width,type) Road surface traction not impaired by weather

27 Tire Repairs l Tire Repairs 56.14104 Before a tire can be removed, the valve cord must be partially removed for gradual deflation of the tire and persons must stand outside the potential trajectory of the locking rim of a multi- piece rim During inflation a wheel cage or other restraining device or stand off inflation device must be used

28 Traffic Control l Traffic Control 56.9100 Safe Movement l Rules governing: Speed, Right of Way, Movement of Direction, and Use of Headlights to assure visibility must be established at each mine and followed Signs or signals, warning of hazards shall be placed at appropriate locations

29 Operating Speed l Traffic Control 56.9101 l Maintain control of vehicle l Operating speeds consistent with: conditions of roadways tracks, grades, clearance visibility, traffic type of equipment used

30 Loading l Loading/ Hauling in Safe Manner -56.9201 l Prevent Spillage - 56.9202 Mobile Equipment loaded in a manner to minimize spillage l Activity Between Equipment & Machinery- 56.3430 - Persons cannot work, travel only for dismounting purposes

31 Carrying Explosives l Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a) Maintained in good condition and equipped: With sides and enclosures higher than explosive materials or explosives secured to non-conductive pallet With separate cargo space Two fire extinguishers or one and fire suppression Posted with appropriate warning signs Occupied by personnel necessary for handling explosives

32 Carrying Explosives l Carrying Explosives - 56.6202(a) Maintained in good condition and equipped: Attended or cargo compartment locked, except when parked at blast site and loading in progress Secured while parked by: having brakes set Wheels chocked if movement can occur Engine shut off unless powering device is being used Have no sparking materials exposed in cargo area Have non-sparking materials properly secured

33 Fueling l Fueling Internal Combustion Engines l 56.4103 Engines shall be shut off during fueling when tanks are integral part of equipment, does not apply to diesel powered engines

34 Safe Operating Procedures l Powered Haulage has had more miner fatalities than any other accident classification: Providing safe access on and off mobile equipment helps prevents slips, trips, & falls Conducting a pre-shift inspection of the equipment and of the surrounding ground helps prevent accidents due to equipment failures and collapse of ground

35 MSHA Inspection l Haulage equipment continues to receive the highest priority during an inspection by MSHA l Seat belt violations are of special interest to every inspector l Any equipment brought into a mine can be subject to a MSHA Inspection


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