Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 7 Section 1:Founding the Roman Republic Section 2:Rome Expands Its Borders Section 3:The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 4: Roman Society and."— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 7 Section 1:Founding the Roman Republic Section 2:Rome Expands Its Borders Section 3:The Birth of the Roman Empire Section 4: Roman Society and Culture Section 5: The Rise of Christianity Section 6: The Fall of the Western Empire The Roman World
SECTION 1 Question: What are some characteristics of Roman patricians and plebeians? Founding the Roman Republic
SECTION 1 Founding the Roman Republic controlled government inherited power landowners nobles farmers / workers barred from office majority barred from office Patricians Plebeians
SECTION 2 Question: What were the causes and outcomes of the Punic Wars? Rome Expands Its Borders
SECTION 2 Rome Expands Its Borders Punic Wars First Punic War Second Punic War Carthage was afraid Rome would take Sicily; Rome was afraid Carthage would close the Adriatic Sea and the Strait of Messina. Hannibal invaded Italy. Third Punic War Some Romans passionately hated Carthage; Rome declared war. CausesResults Carthage asked for peace; had to pay indemnity and give up control of Sicily. Carthage asked for peace; paid an indemnity and lost the Spanish colonies. Carthage was destroyed.
Israel and the Occupied Territories SECTION 3 Question: How did political events weaken the Roman Empire? The Birth of the Roman Empire
SECTION 3 The Birth of the Roman Empire Gracchus brothers introduce reforms angry senators kill both Gracchus brothers violence = primary tool of Roman politics leaders recruit personal armies Sulla marches on Rome; civil war Sulla establishes dictatorship
SECTION 4 Roman Society and Culture Question: What are some reasons why the Romans had a strong empire?
SECTION 4 Roman Society and Culture Roman Army Government and Law Trade and Transportation Strong Empire stationed along frontiers soldiers made citizens kept peace encouraged widespread trade farm goods and luxury goods roads and bridgesrevised Twelve Tables provincial officialstrong emperorenforced lawkept order
SECTION 5 The Rise of Christianity Question: What are the major events in the development of Christianity?
SECTION 5 The Rise of Christianity Jesus personally taught in Judaea gained followers crucified believed risen from dead Spread of Christianity disciples deliver message spreads slowly through empire outlawed by Romans Christians persecuted Acceptance and Organization accepted by Romans, Constantine made official religion priests, bishops, patriarchs, pope church councils set down beliefs
SECTION 6 Question: What were the causes of the fall of the Roman Empire in the West? The Fall of the Western Empire
SECTION 6 The Fall of the Western Empire too many poor loss of patriotism, interest in government, and political honesty Decline of the Roman Empire inadequate government for size of empire competition for power army interference made government unstable expense of defending and maintaining empire heavy taxes loss of income Political/MilitaryEconomicSocial dependence on German troops decline of manufacturing and agriculture
Chapter Wrap-Up 1.What two major factors helped Rome unify its empire and maintain peace? 2.What ideas and inventions did the Romans borrow and adapt from the Greeks? 3.How did Rome’s relationship with the people it conquered change over time? 1.What two major factors helped Rome unify its empire and maintain peace? 2.What ideas and inventions did the Romans borrow and adapt from the Greeks? 3.How did Rome’s relationship with the people it conquered change over time? CHAPTER 7