Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 1: Founding the Roman Republic CHAPTER 7The Roman WorldSection 1: Founding the Roman RepublicSection 2: Rome Expands Its BordersSection 3: The Birth of the Roman EmpireSection 4: Roman Society and CultureSection 5: The Rise of ChristianitySection 6: The Fall of the Western Empire
2SECTION 1Founding the Roman RepublicQuestion:What are some characteristics of Roman patricians and plebeians?
3controlled government SECTION 1Founding the Roman Republiccontrolled governmentinherited powerfarmers / workersbarred from officePatriciansPlebeiansmajoritybarred from officelandownersnobles
4Question: What were the causes and outcomes of the Punic Wars? SECTION 2Rome Expands Its BordersQuestion:What were the causes and outcomes of the Punic Wars?
5Rome Expands Its Borders SECTION 2Rome Expands Its BordersPunic WarsCausesResultsFirst Punic WarCarthage was afraid Rome would take Sicily; Rome was afraid Carthage would close the Adriatic Sea and the Strait of Messina.Carthage asked for peace; had to pay indemnity and give up control of Sicily.Second Punic WarHannibal invaded Italy.Carthage asked for peace; paid an indemnity and lost the Spanish colonies.Third Punic WarSome Romans passionately hated Carthage; Rome declared war.Carthage was destroyed.
6Question: How did political events weaken the Roman Empire? SECTION 3Israel and the Occupied TerritoriesThe Birth of the Roman EmpireQuestion:How did political events weaken the Roman Empire?
7The Birth of the Roman Empire SECTION 3The Birth of the Roman EmpireGracchus brothers introduce reformsangry senators kill both Gracchus brothersviolence = primary tool of Roman politicsleaders recruit personal armiesSulla marches on Rome; civil warSulla establishes dictatorship
8Question: What are some reasons why the Romans had a strong empire? SECTION 4Roman Society and CultureQuestion:What are some reasons why the Romans had a strong empire?
9Roman Society and Culture SECTION 4Roman Society and Culturestationed along frontierssoldiers made citizenskept peaceRoman Armyrevised Twelve Tablesprovincial officialStrong Empireencouraged widespread tradeGovernment and LawTrade and Transportationstrong emperorfarm goods and luxury goodsenforced lawroads and bridgeskept order
10SECTION 5The Rise of ChristianityQuestion:What are the major events in the development of Christianity?
11Spread of Christianity Acceptance and Organization SECTION 5The Rise of ChristianityJesusSpread of ChristianityAcceptance and Organizationpersonally taught in Judaeagained followerscrucifiedbelieved risen from deaddisciples deliver messagespreads slowly through empireoutlawed by RomansChristians persecutedaccepted by Romans, Constantinemade official religionpriests, bishops, patriarchs, popechurch councils set down beliefs
12SECTION 6The Fall of the Western EmpireQuestion:What were the causes of the fall of the Roman Empire in the West?
13Decline of the Roman Empire SECTION 6The Fall of the Western EmpireDecline of the Roman EmpirePolitical/MilitaryEconomicSocial• inadequate government for size of empire• expense of defending and maintaining empire• too many poor• loss of patriotism, interest in government, and political honesty• competition for power• heavy taxes• loss of income• army interference made government unstable• decline of manufacturing and agriculture• dependence on German troops
14Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 7 1. What two major factors helped Rome unify its empire and maintain peace?2. What ideas and inventions did the Romans borrow and adapt from the Greeks?3. How did Rome’s relationship with the people it conquered change over time?