Presentation on theme: "Ch 10: Stress Management Stress = Stressor = “Fight or Flight”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch 10: Stress Management Stress = Stressor = “Fight or Flight” Distress vs. EustressPersonality & Stress(Type A, Type B & Type C)6. Exercise & Stress
2 StressThe mental, emotional, and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening, or excitingGood news–it’s self controlled!
3 StressorThe event that causes stressStudent examples:
4 Physiological response to stress: “Fight-or-Flight”
5 The Mind/Body Connection The way you express your emotions & feelings can either boost or weaken your immune system!Evidence that every illness from colds & headaches to HD, high BP, sleeping problems & cancers are influenced by your feelings/emotions!
6 Eustress & DistressAn individual’s reaction to a stress-causing agent determines whether that stress is positive (eustress) or negative (distress)Eustress: Positive stress; health and performance continue to improve even as stress increasesDistress: Negative stress; unpleasant or harmful stress under which health and performance begin to deteriorate
7 Marriage is an example of positive stress, also known as eustress
9 Perceptions and Health An optimistic style tends to increase the strength of the immune systemA pessimistic style tends to weaken the immune system
10 Personality & StressType A: Behavior pattern characteristic of a hard-driving, overambitious, aggressive, at times hostile, and overly competitive personType A individuals often set their own goals, are self-motivated, work on many tasks at the same time, are excessively achievement-oriented, have a high degree of time urgency
11 Personality & StressType B: Behavior pattern characteristic of a calm, casual, relaxed, and easy-going individualType B people take one thing at a time, do not feel pressured or hurried, seldom set their own deadlines
12 Personality & StressType C: Behavior pattern of individuals who are just as highly stressed as Type A’s but do not seem to be at higher risk for disease than Type B’sType C’s are highly committed to what they are doing, have a great amount of confidence in their ability to do their work, are in constant control of their actions, and enjoy their work
13 Anger and hostility can increase the risk for disease Studies indicate that hostile people who get angry often, more intensely, and for longer periods of time have up to a threefold increased risk for CHD and are seven times more likely to suffer a fatal heart attack by age 50
14 Exercise & StressDuring vigorous aerobic exercise lasting 30 minutes or longer, endorphins (morphine-like substances) are thought to be released from the pituitary glandEndorphins not only act as painkillers but also seem to induce the calming effect often associated with aerobic exercise & improve moodPhysical activity: An excellent tool to control stress
15 Attitude“The longer I live, the more I realize the impact of attitude on life. Attitude, to me, is more important than facts.It is more important than the past, than education, than money, than circumstances, than failures, than successes, than what other people think or say or do. It will make or break you.
16 AttitudeThe remarkable thing is we have a choice every day regarding the attitude we will embrace for that day. We can’t change our past…or the fact that people will act in a certain way.I am convinced that life is 10% what happens to me & 90% how I react to it.”Chuck Swindoll
17 Ch 10: Stress Management Stress = Stressor = “Fight or Flight” Distress vs. EustressPersonality & Stress(Type A, Type B & Type C)6. Exercise & Stress