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Industrial Wastewater Sampling – Methodologies and Protocols City of Portland - Bureau of Environmental Services and Clean Water Services A Tale of Two.

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial Wastewater Sampling – Methodologies and Protocols City of Portland - Bureau of Environmental Services and Clean Water Services A Tale of Two."— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial Wastewater Sampling – Methodologies and Protocols City of Portland - Bureau of Environmental Services and Clean Water Services A Tale of Two Sampling Programs

2 2 Presentation Overview BES Overview CWS Overview BES Sampling Methods CWS Sampling Methods Question and Answer

3 3 BES Industrial Wastewater Sampling Program Overview Doug Hutchinson and Megan Schubel

4 4 Let’s Do the Numbers... Permitted Industries: 160 Permitted Discharging Industries: 135 Sample points: 140 Monthly vs. quarterly vs. semi-annual samples: 22% vs. 36% vs. 42% Total grab samples per year: ~600 Total composite samples per year: ~600

5 5 Industrial Sampling Locations Map Columbia River

6 6 What makes Portland unique? Large number of industries and samples Wide range of industrial users Age of industries and infrastructure –Combined waste streams –Challenging sampling points –City code ( (c)) does not necessarily require specific monitoring location: “...may require an industrial wastewater discharger to install and maintain at the discharger's expense a suitable manhole in the discharger's branch sewer or other suitable monitoring access…”

7 7 Pollution Prevention Services Organizational Chart

8 8 Field Operations Overview Industrial wastewater monitoring Surface water sampling and temperature monitoring Stormwater sampling Short-term flow monitoring Groundwater monitoring Biosolids Soils and sediment sampling Miscellaneous projects

9 9 Industrial Sampling Work Flow Permit Managers (Industrial Pretreatment Permitting) Wastewater Sampling Crew (Field Operations) Lab

10 10 Industrial Sampling Process Flow Chart Compliance Monitoring Schedule (CMS) provided by Permit Manager (PM) CMS converted to yearly industrial sampling schedule by field staff Monthly schedule created by field staff Sampling activities by field staff

11 11

12 12 Yearly Schedule Spreadsheet

13 13 Off to the Field...

14 BES Sampling Prep and Field Work

15 15 Monthly Sampling Schedule

16 16 Maps and Sampling Notes

17 17 Equipment Overview

18 18 pH Meter Calibration 2 dedicated meters –calibrated to –calibrated to Calibrated daily before field work –replace buffer and storage solution daily Drift check at end of sampling run –acceptable drift  0.1 pH units

19 19 Decontamination Procedure for Pump Tubing Pumped through silicone-rubber tubing to decontaminate for metals –Non-phosphate soap and water –Tap water –10% nitric acid rinse –Deionized water Monthly rinsate blank collected for metals Every 6 months, or as needed, old tubing discarded

20 20 Test manhole / vault atmosphere with gas monitor. Collect grabs if necessary. Arrive at industry, sign in and/or notify contact. If composite is set, return next day to pick up. Return to Lab & relinquish samples and COC. Document all sampling & other activity in Chain-of-Custody Logbook. Update tracking notebook. Go to next site? NO Need to collect composite sample? YES Set up composite sampler. Document all sampling & other activity in Chain-of-Custody Logbook. Update tracking notebook. Return to Lab and relinquish samples and COC. NO YES

21 21 Points of Compliance: Typical…

22 22 …to Exceptional

23 23 Grab Sample Collection Typical grab sample parameters: pH Oil and grease Volatile and/or semi-volatile compounds Total or amenable cyanide Total sulfide or dissolved sulfide

24 24 Grab Collection Methods Collect directly into bottle (preferred) - required for oil and grease samples Pour from stainless steel bailer into container –Volatile organic compounds –Dissolved sulfide Pump with sampler (if setting composite) –pH –Total and amenable cyanide –Total sulfide

25 25 pH Compliance Acceptable range = If outside range: –record initial measurement on chain-of-custody –recalibrate with fresh buffer –re-measure original grab –record on chain-of-custody and call PM and IU if in violation –collect follow-up sample?

26 26 Composite Sampler Set-Up

27 27 Programming and Calibration For a standard setup, sampler programmed to take an aliquot every 30 minutes for 24 hours. Sampler calibrated for a 50-mL aliquot.

28 28 Composite Sample Retrieval 24-hour Composite Hours of Operation Batch

29 29 Chain-of-Custody Documentation

30 30

31 31 Analyte and Sample Tracking Record

32 32 Monthly Sampling Schedule Example

33 33 Sample Relinquishing Relinquish samples and chain-of-custody log to sample custodian Drift check pH meters Discard or wash used equipment Wash hands!

34 Common Problems & Solutions

35 35 Problematic Sampling Conditions Combined wastestreams High solids content Stagnant water Very low flow Deep manholes Batch dischargers

36 36 Combined Waste / High Solids Sanitary waste in same line as process waste Low-profile sample head for combined wastewater

37 37 Stagnant Water in Vaults Floating fat layer in a stagnant vault and sediment buildup on the bottom Secure tubing below fat layer and above sediment on floor of vault

38 38 Low Level, High Velocity Flow Low level sample head, secured from above

39 39 Deep Manholes Sampling at depths > 20 feet can exceed the capacity of the peristaltic pump to draw sample Must sometimes lower sampler down into bottom of manhole, hang halfway, or suspend on platform

40 40 “Pressurized” Line Modify setup and tap into the line for a composite

41 41 Bucket Improv Method (BIM) Spigot overflows into bucket

42 42 Batch / Intermittent Discharge Use a liquid level trigger (flow actuator) More frequent aliquots collected (e.g., every 5 minutes instead of 30 minutes) Coordination with the industry

43 43 Communication Issues Designate an industrial on-site contact Be proactive in setting up batch discharge sampling events More communication with industry can facilitate better sampling points Having a PM and an independent sampling crew can cause miscommunication

44 44


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