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PO Coles SRLC 10/12. Mutiny on the Bounty, is the intriguing true tale on the high seas where Christian Fletcher’s insubordination and revolt against.

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Presentation on theme: "PO Coles SRLC 10/12. Mutiny on the Bounty, is the intriguing true tale on the high seas where Christian Fletcher’s insubordination and revolt against."— Presentation transcript:

1 PO Coles SRLC 10/12

2 Mutiny on the Bounty, is the intriguing true tale on the high seas where Christian Fletcher’s insubordination and revolt against the Commanding Officer Lt. William Bligh on His Majesty’s Armed Vessel (HMAV) Bounty takes place. The ship’s ill fate begins on departure, on it’s maiden voyage to Tahiti. The scene is set with a demoralised crew suffering under a reign of fear. In which oppression builds, until courage is found in both parties and mutiny takes place. This exciting story has inspired several novels, comics and films to date.

3 To build upon your individual understanding of HMAV Bounty’s mission, crew, travel, story and historical knowledge. Endeavour to add depth of ‘Naval Ethos’, applying aspects of ‘Command and Leadership’.

4  Provide illustrations of HMAV Bounty within the time lime.  Describe the mission, locations, and historical events which occurred.  Present brief knowledge of the vessel.  Identify two leaders with different leadership values.  Allow you to individually conclude your own opinions of the crews behaviour.  Apply leadership models.

5 Phases The Ship Ship Design The Ships Mission Commanding Officers

6 Horatio Nelson Quiberon Bay 1759 Sir Edmund Hawke & Capt Keppel King George III Circumnutated the World Britain declares war with French 1756 NAVY ROYAL TO ROYAL NAVY Mary Rose 1511 Sir Francis Drake Spanish Armada 1588 Robert Blake Samuel Pepys Spirit of the Sovereign 1638 Santa Cruz 1657 Battle of Cape Possaro 1718 Spanish expelled from Scilly 1719 RISE OF THE ROYAL NAVY Quadruple Alliance Admiral Lord George Rodney Siege of Gibraltar RISE OF THE ROYAL NAVY England declares war on Spain 1739 Porto Bello Captured Vice Admiral William Bligh Capt James Cook (Murdered in Hawaii) Samuel Wallis Discovered Tahiti Found cure for Scurvy Year War Prussia France Russia Admiral Lord Cochrane

7 RISE OF THE ROYAL NAVY HMS Victory 1778 Battle of the Nile 1798 Thomas Hardy Gibraltar (from French Armada) Admiral George Rodney Napoleonic Wars 1794 Battle of Lake Champlain 1776 Glorious First 1794 Battle of Cape St Vincent & Battle of Camperdown 1797 American War of Independence Battle of the Saints 1782 Battle of St Vincent 1780 Mutiny of the Bounty 1789 Battle of Copenhagen 1806 Thomas Hardy Vice Admiral Hood Blockaded Brest Trafalgar with Cuthbert Collingwood HMS Shannon 1806 Slavery 1807 Sir Home Popham 1806 Seized Cape of Good Hope War Between Britain and America 1813 Acre 1840 Admiral Sir John Fisher HMS Warrior 1861 HMS Royal Sovereign 1892 HMS Dreadnaught 1906 MAINTAINING NAVAL SUPREMACY THE FIRST WORLD WAR

8 23 Dec 1787 Bounty left Spithead for English Channel Mutiny on the Bounty Apr 1789 Fletcher Christian left 14 crew adrift 28 Apr 1789 Fletcher Christian left 14 crew adrift 26 Oct 1788 Bounty arrived in Tahiti 24 Apr 1789 Bounty sails from Tahiti 24 Apr 1789 Bounty sails from Tahiti 5½ months at Tahiti 11 months at sea May crew sail away with HMS Pandora May crew sail away with HMS Pandora 23 Jan 1790 HMAV Bounty is burnt down 23 Jan 1790 HMAV Bounty is burnt down 23 Sep 1789 Mutineers Split up 23 Sep 1789 Mutineers Split up 15 Jan 1790 Find Pitcairn 15 Jan 1790 Find Pitcairn 01 Oct 1789 Bligh reaches Batavia 01 Oct 1789 Bligh reaches Batavia 14 Mar 1790 Bligh reaches England 14 Mar 1790 Bligh reaches England

9  Coastal Trader named Bethia purchased for £1950 (26 May 1787).  Moved to Deptford, additional sails and masts fitted when Bligh requests.  Bligh appointed 16 Aug  04 Nov 1787 Bounty arrives at Spithead.  24 Nov 1787 final instructions from Lord Hood.  28 Nov 1787 crew receives two months pay.

10 Bowsprit Mizzle Mast Poop Fore Mast Main Mast Stern Rudder Below Deck Cargo Lid

11 Mizzen TopGallant StaySail Mizzen TopMast StaySail Main StaySail Mizzen TopSail Yard Spanker or Driver Main TopGallant StaySail Middle StaySail SpiritSail Jib Boom Bowsprit Main TopMast StaySail Mizzen StaySail Flying Jib Jib

12 1982 Film Replica CGI Replica Wooden Model

13  5 May 1787:Lord Sydney writes to admiralty to collect Breadfruit tree seedlings from Tahiti.  9 May 1787:Admiralty instructs Naval board to purchase a vessel.  Breadfruit is for the slaves in the West Indies.  Provides a cheap source of food.

14  09 Sep 1754 – 07 Dec 1817 (34 Years Old)  Commanding Officer – Lt  Publishes account and two novels on return to England  Commands HMS Providence with assistance from HMS Assistance for the second breadfruit mission to the West Indies Picture of notes from Bligh’s journal 1787Returns to Royal Navy 16 August 1787 Commanding Lieutenant HM Armed Vessel Bounty 14 November 1790 Commander HM Brig-sloop Falcon 15 December 1790 Captain HMS Medea (for rank only) 16 April 1791 – 1793 CaptainHMS Providence

15  25 Sep 1764 – 20 Sep 1793 (24 Years Old)  “Master’s Mate”  Completion: “High dark swarthy complexion”  Hair: “Blackish or very dark brown”  Make: “Strong”  Marks: “Star tatowed on the left breast. and tatowed on the backside, his knees.”  “stands a little out and may be called a little bow legged  He is subject to violent perspiration & particularly in  His hands so that he soils any thing he handles.”  Led the mutiny against Bligh  Hyperhydrosis (excessive sweating)  Irrational behaviour

16 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh

17 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh Master John Fryer Boatswain William Cole Surgeon Dr. Huggan Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Master’s Mates Fletcher Christian William Eliphinstone 46 Men in Total 09 Higher Ranking Officers

18 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Clerk John Samuel CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh CO’s Servant John Smith Master’s Mates Master John Fryer Quarter Masters QM’s Mate George Simpson Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant Boatswain William Cole Surgeon Dr. Huggan Robert Tinkler John HallettThomas Haywood Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Edward Young Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Ships Cook Thomas Hall Gardner David Nelson Fletcher Christian William Eliphinstone Charles Norman Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Butcher Robert Lamb Armourer Joseph Coleman Peter Linkletter John Norton Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman Sailmaker Lawrence Lebogue 46 Men in Total 09 Higher Ranking Officers 22 Lower Ranking Officers

19 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Clerk John Samuel CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh CO’s Servant John Smith Master’s Mates Master John Fryer Quarter Masters QM’s Mate George Simpson Barber Richard Skinner Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant John Sumner Matthew Thompson Boatswain William Cole James Valentine John Williams Surgeon Dr. Huggan Michael Byrn Thomas Burket Thomas Ellision Isaac Martin William McCoy John Millward Mathew Quintal Alexander Smith Robert Tinkler John HallettThomas Haywood Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Cooks Assistant William Muspratt Edward Young Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Ships Cook Thomas Hall Gardner David Nelson Fletcher Christian William Eliphinstone Charles Norman Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Butcher Robert Lamb Armourer Joseph Coleman Gardeners Assistant William Brown Peter Linkletter John Norton Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman Sailmaker Lawrence Lebogue 46 men in total 09 Higher Ranking Officers 22 Lower Ranking Officers 16 Able Bodied Seamen

20  23 Dec Bounty left Spithead for the English Channel.  11 Mar Quintal 24 lashes insolence to Fryer.  22 Apr HMAV Bounty after 4 arduous weeks, changed sailing past the Cape of Good Hope, southern edge of Australia and New Zealand.  09 Oct Valentine (AB) dies of Asthma complaint.  19 Oct Brown & Mills – Grog stopped refusing to dance.  Oct Arriving Tahiti.  Lt. Bligh lied to Tahiti chief; intention to complete the mission.  Spending 5½ months transplanting seedlings (seasonal plant).  Experiencing romantic and sexual relationships.  09 Dec Dr Huggan dies of alcohol poisoning.

21 All in Tahiti  04 Nov 1788 – A.Smith, 12 lashes (Tahiti) Gudgeon stolen on watch.  05 Dec 1788 – Thompson, 12 lashes, insolence.  27 Dec 1788 – Muspratt, 12 lashes, neglect of duty.  29 Dec 1788 – Lamb, 12 lashes, cleaver stolen.  06 Jan 1789 – Hayward, confined in irons, had watch when 3 men disserted 11 weeks.  24 Jan 1789 – Churchill 12 lashes, Muspratt 24 lashes, Milward 24 lashes.  30 Jan 1789 – Martin – 19 lashes, for striking Tahitian.  04 Feb 1789 – 2 nd flogging for deserters 12, 24, 24 lashes.  02 Mar 1789 – Tahitian man flogged, stealing Perkins bedding.

22  With discretionary orders Lt. Bligh gave order to circumnavigate via Cape Horn in Winter Tahiti Cape Horn Cape of Good Hope

23  HMAV stopped at Tenerife, Cape of Good Hope, and Adventure Bay to resupply to reach Tahiti.

24 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Clerk John Samuel CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh CO’s Servant John Smith Master’s Mates Master John Fryer Quarter Masters QM’s Mate George Simpson Barber Richard Skinner Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant John Sumner Matthew Thompson Boatswain William Cole James Valentine John Williams Surgeon Dr. Huggan Michael Byrn Thomas Burket Thomas Ellision Isaac Martin William McCoy John Millward Mathew Quintal Alexander Smith Robert Tinkler John HallettThomas Haywood Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Cooks Assistant William Muspratt Edward Young Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Ships Cook Thomas Hall Gardner David Nelson Fletcher Christian William Eliphinstone Charles Norman Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Butcher Robert Lamb Armourer Joseph Coleman Gardeners Assistant William Brown Peter Linkletter John Norton Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman Sailmaker Lawrence Lebogue 44 Men in Total 09 Higher Ranking Officers 22 Lower Ranking Officers 15 Able Bodied Seamen 02 Deaths

25  Apr – Sailed from Tahiti.  Apr Fletcher Christian led a mutiny sending 18 crew including Lt. Bligh adrift in the ships launch with enough supplies to reach a nearby island Torfoa.  02 May Norton is killed by natives of Torfoa.

26 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Clerk John Samuel CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh CO’s Servant John Smith Master’s Mates Master John Fryer Quarter Masters QM’s Mate George Simpson Barber Richard Skinner Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant John Sumner Matthew Thompson Boatswain William Cole James Valentine John Williams Surgeon Dr. Huggan Michael Byrn Thomas Burket Thomas Ellision Isaac Martin William McCoy John Millward Mathew Quintal Alexander Smith Robert Tinkler John HallettThomas Haywood Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Cooks Assistant William Muspratt Edward Young Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Ships Cook Thomas Hall Gardner David Nelson Fletcher Christian William Eliphinstone Charles Norman Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Butcher Robert Lamb Armourer Joseph Coleman Gardeners Assistant William Brown Peter Linkletter John Norton Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman Sailmaker Lawrence Lebogue 43 Men in Total 18 Head to Batavia 21 Mutineers 04 Detainees 03 Deaths

27  Bligh believes it will take two years to be discovered, therefore navigates to Batavia.  14 Jun they travel 3618 miles (5800 kilometres).  01 Jul they buy 34 foot schooner at Coupang.  20 Jul Nelson dies at Coupang.  20 Aug 1789 – Bligh & 17men sail for Batavia.  01 Oct 1789 – Bligh & crew arrive in Batavia.  01 Oct Hall dies. Schooner sold. Bligh departs.  Eliphinstone and Linkletter die in Batavia.  Lamb and Ledward die heading to England with Bligh.  14 Mar 1790 – Bligh arrives in England. 2 days later reports mutiny.

28  Men embark 3618 mile trip from Mutiny to Coupang, Timor instead of staying at Tofoa.

29  Purchasing a Schooner a further journey to Batavia was achieved.

30

31 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Clerk John Samuel CO Skipper Lt. William Bligh CO’s Servant John Smith Master’s Mates Master John Fryer Quarter Masters QM’s Mate George Simpson Boatswain William Cole James Valentine Surgeon Dr. Huggan Robert Tinkler John HallettThomas Haywood Carpenters Mates Ships Cook Thomas Hall Gardner David Nelson William Eliphinstone Carpenter William Purcell Gunner William Peckover Surgeon’s Mate Thomas Ledward Butcher Robert Lamb Peter Linkletter John Norton Midshipman Sailmaker Lawrence Lebogue 12 Arrive in England 04 Detainees 09 Deaths

32  The mutineers took HMAV Bounty to Tubaui (island south of Tahiti), after scouting they returned to Tahiti for supplies.  Jun Returning to Tubaui they built ‘Fort George’  Aug – HMS Mercury fires guns passing fort, for attention – unable to get ashore they stop in Tahiti.  12 Sep After 3 months and trouble with natives – they returned to Tahiti, 12 mutineers and 4 detainees stayed on Tahiti.  23 Sep Fletcher and 8 men with Tahiti men and women sailed to Pitcairn island.

33  23 Sep 1789 – 16 men stayed on Tahiti, 9 men searched for a new home, which later became Pitcairn.

34 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen CO Master’s Mate Fletcher Christian Barber Richard Skinner Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant John Sumner Matthew Thompson John Williams Michael Byrn Thomas Burket Thomas Ellision Isaac Martin William McCoy John Millward Mathew Quintal Alexander Smith Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Cooks Assistant William Muspratt Edward Young Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Charles Norman Armourer Joseph Coleman Gardeners Assistant William Brown Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman 04 Detainees at Tahiti 21 Mutineers 12 Stay at Tahiti 9 Sail for Pitcarin

35  12 mutineers and 4 detainees stayed on Tahiti; marrying, having children, creating a vocabulary and schools, assisting developing of the island.  11 Apr Churchill murdered by Thompson.  13 Apr 1790 – Thompson murdered by Tahitian.  07 Nov England Capt. Edwards dispatches on HMS Pandora to recover HMAV Bounty and put to trial Fletcher and mutineers.  23 Mar The 12 crew were placed in irons within a fabricated jail onboard (Pandora’s Box) sailing from Tahiti May 1791 (2 years after mutiny).  29 Aug HMS Pandora stopped searching for the Bounty, and struck a reef on the way home killing 34 crew and 4 mutineers.  12 Aug 1792 to 26 Oct 1792 – Court Marital in England 10men were trialled, the 4 detainees acquitted, 3 men pardoned, 3 men hung.

36  HMS Pandora (24 gun post ship) made steady speed around ‘The Horn’. It sank on the outskirts of the Great Barrier Reef.

37 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen Barber Richard Skinner Boatswain Mate James Morrison Copper Hennery Hilbrant John Sumner Matthew Thompson Michael Byrn Thomas Burket Thomas Ellision John Millward Thomas McIntosh Carpenters Mates Master at Arms Charles Churchill Cooks Assistant William Muspratt Peter HeywoodGeorge Stewart Charles Norman Armourer Joseph Coleman Midshipman 04 Detainees at Tahiti 12 Mutineers at Tahiti

38  Passing through Fiji and the Cook islands.  15 Jan The Bounty arrived at Pitcairn island, were they settled (being misplaced on the Royal Navy charts).  The mutineers had children and established a colony.  23 Jan HMAV Bounty is burned in Bounty Bay.  20 Sep of the 9 were massacred by Polynesian men after 2 had been put to death (wanting the same women).  McCoy died of suicide (drunk) after killing Tahitians responsible for massacre.  2 more die of natural causes leaving Adams as the sole survivor.  06 Feb An American Whaler came Pitcairn (rediscovered).

39  Incorrectly placed on all Royal Naval charts, Pitcairn was an ideal place, rediscovered 18 years later. HMAV sank in what is now known as Bounty Bay. PitcairnBounty Bay

40 Sr Wardroom Officers Jr Wardroom Officers Standing Officers Cockpit Mates Senior Petty Officers Petty Officers Junior PO’s & Killicks Able Bodied Seamen CO Master’s Mate Fletcher Christian John WilliamsIsaac Martin William McCoy Mathew Quintal Alexander Smith Edward Young Gardeners Assistant William Brown Gunners Mate John Mills Midshipman 04 Detainees at Tahiti 21 Mutineers 12 Stay at Tahiti 9 Sail for Pitcarin

41  14 men run before sailing / 46 men sail from England 2 men die in transit to Tahiti  Mutiny (44men): Bligh and 21 men Fletcher and 21 men 1 man dies in conflict  18 men head to Batavia: 1 man dies by cannibals 1 man dies in transit to Batavia 2 men die in Batavia 2 men die in transit to England 12 men return to England  25 men head to Tahiti: 12 men + 4 detainees stay at Tahiti 9 men sail for Pitcairn  16 men at Tahiti: 2 men die in Tahiti 4 men die on HMS Pandora 3 AB’s are condemned to death and hung 3 Officers are pardoned  9 men at Pitcairn 5 die in massacre, 2 die naturally, 1 commits suicide 1 stays alive - Adams

42 Of the 46 men which sailed:  11 men returned home, 2 later died on their next drafts in the sinking of HMS Penelope and HMS Swift.  4 detainees from Tahiti told there stories.  3 mutineers pardoned by the admiralty.  Alexander Smith on Pitcairn island told various stories to other Naval Officers in he’s dying years.  Bligh published an account and book – he became a hero. 2 years later Edward Christian (Fletchers brother) had Barney and Musspratt publish their minutes. Edward added an Appendix and Bligh lost he’s hero status. Bligh died in 1817 as an Admiral and the Governor of New South Wales.

43  Authority :Freedom to use power of command and enforce punishment to benefit mission outcome.  Determined :Will not rest until the mission is completed.  Accountable:Held accountable for mutiny and loss of command until, later pardoned.  Coercive:Leads with fear, and induces compliance by punishment or torture.  Expert:Showed exceptional skills navigated to Cougan without charts.  Situational:Directive managing, not at all supportive.  Does not match ‘connection’ based power, or ‘informational’ power due to the year. As a Lt, and he’s first command – he is not ‘legitimate’. He does not give ‘reward’, and he is not a ‘referent’ / liked leader.  Bligh does not delegate, participate or support, he treats everyone aboard the ship with the same behaviour type: ‘telling’ them what to do. This is poor practice with committed and competent Officers, also poor with uncommitted AB’s.

44  Authority :Unable to use authority under Bligh however demonstrated it in later events.  Determined :Lacks determination.  Accountable:Not accountable to he’s actions.  Legitimate:Although a lower rank than Bligh, there are no references to the crew chatting about or laughing at him.  Reward:Rewarded the men with shore time.  Referent:Generally liked amongst he’s subordinates.  Does not match ‘coercive’, he was seen as approachable. He too has no ‘connectional’ power and at no point shoes ‘expert’ knowledge – he was fortunate to find Pitcairn by mistake. He has no ‘information’ power.  Fletcher failed to change he’s leadership styles whilst under Bligh’s command, this may be because of lacked opportunity. Fletcher showed cowardice for a long time, often disagreeing with Bligh yet not acting appropriate – this cowardice allowed severe lashings and almost death to a midshipman.

45  A pictured timeline provided neighboured events around the mutiny on HMAV Bounty (1787).  The ship sailed to Tahiti for breadfruit to transport for a cheap alternative for slaves within the West Indies. Key events such as the mutiny lead to three crews; under two leaders (chronologically ordered). Locations have been pointed out such as Spithead, Tahiti, Coupang, Batavia, and Pitcairn.  HMAV Bounty, was originally a merchant ship bought for Bligh. A small transport ship with few guns, almost capsizing trying to navigate past ‘The Horn’ in winter months.  Both Bligh and Fletcher do apply any form of situational leadership, yet there traits are completely opposite, both poor examples of leaders.

46 References: Maps - Maps - / Earth / Images / Maps DVD - Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) DVD - The Bounty (1984) DVD - History Channel – History of the Royal Navy Wooden Walls Book - The Safeguard of the Sea (ISBN ) Book - The True Glory (ISBN ) Book – Patrick O’Brians Navy (ISBN ) Timeline Base - Information - – HMS Bounty, Mutiny on the Bounty, HMS Pandora, HMS Mercury, Bligh. Information - – Tahiti, Coupang, Great Barrier Reef, Breadfruit, Sloop, Ranks. Information - Pitcairn Islands Study Center & Museum (library.puc.edu/pitcaim/pitcaim/history.shtml) Information -


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