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Simon Bolivar. Key Events The key events of Simon Bolivar’s life: BirthMarriage Pledge in RomeDeclarationPresidentLiberationDeath July 1783May 1802Aug.

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Presentation on theme: "Simon Bolivar. Key Events The key events of Simon Bolivar’s life: BirthMarriage Pledge in RomeDeclarationPresidentLiberationDeath July 1783May 1802Aug."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simon Bolivar

2 Key Events The key events of Simon Bolivar’s life: BirthMarriage Pledge in RomeDeclarationPresidentLiberationDeath July 1783May 1802Aug 1805April Dec 1830 He was Born in Caracas, Venezuela He Married Maria Teresa He Pledged to liberate South America Declaration of Independence in Venezuela Became first president of Colombia and later several other Countries Liberated Columbia Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Bolivia Died at the age of 47 of tuberculos is

3 Simon Bolivar Simon Bolivar was the son of a wealthy aristocrat and young man at the time that he joined the revolutionary movement A Creole who joined sides with the natives and the llaneros in order to win the revolution He was the greatest key figure in Latin American Independence

4 Leadership Traits Bolivar was known to gave been a charismatic leader He was an excellent horse man and this helped win the llaneros over to his side during the revolution He was also a superior general and strategist, being able to free most of Latin America from European control However San Martin described him as a finicky, arrogant man

5 Causes / Effects of Independence Movement Causes Napoleonic Wars overthrow the king’s in Spain (Problem of Legitimacy) The trading restrictions cease to exist The class conflict between the upper class peninsulars and the middle class creoles Creole wanted to take away peninsulars power and the natives sided with them until them wanted power Effects Most of the European controlled Latin American countries gained their independence Many new countries were formed within a generation out of the old provinces that the Europeans owned The countries experienced much turmoil after their independence and went through years of invasions and civil war

6 Important Events of Independence Movement Bolivar and Francisco de Miranda led the movement The Spanish government crushed it and Bolivar sold out Miranda for safe passage Bolivar returned and defeated the Spanish in several battles Republic of Venezuela established on 5 July 1811

7 Compared to George Washington: Simon Led armed forces in revolutionary battles Accepted a dictatorship role Received good amount of education as a child Fought to change who would have power over South America Extremely charismatic and regarded almost as a god and a hero

8 Compared to George Washington: George Led armed forces in revolutionary battles Previously fought for European army Put in leadership roles after revolution Accepted a presidential role Did not have a lot of education Fought to change political structure of America Untouchable leader that was respected as well as the other member of the revolution

9 American revolution compared to the Latin American rebellions Latin American countries weren't united together although they did support each other’s causes The Latin American rebellions were only a shift of power no ideals only those copied from the American revolution They had their elite the creoles who tried to control the rest of native population in order to maintain control

10 American revolution compared to the Latin American rebellions All the states in North America formed an alliance and in order to make one countries fight against Great Britain They fought in protest of politics and revolted to create a new from of government There was a colonial elite that benefitted economically from the war

11 Other key leaders associated with Simon Jose San Martin Leader of the Argentinean movement for independence Francisco de Miranda A key figure in the Venezuelan revolution José Antonio Páez Leader of the llaneros a group of horsemen and cowboys whose was an important players in the fight for independence

12 Bolivar’s Death At the end Bolivar was Exiled for trying establish a totalitarian government which enraged many who believed that he was only trying to establish what they had fought so hard to get rid of he died in bed with tuberculosis but was stilled remembered as a hero to almost all the countries in Latin America


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