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DEHN + SÖHNE Lightning and Surge Protection according to IEC 62305

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Presentation on theme: "DEHN + SÖHNE Lightning and Surge Protection according to IEC 62305"— Presentation transcript:

1 DEHN + SÖHNE Lightning and Surge Protection according to IEC 62305

2 Damage due to Lightning and Surges
Lightning and Surge Protection

3 Danger due to Lightning Strokes
approx. 1,900,000 lightning strokes in Germany per year* ABC Company MCR 2 km data telephone 110 kV mobile phone 400/230 V TV *Ref.: BLIDS, Siemens AG, Analysis of Lightning and Surge Protection

4 Lightning flasches cloud to earth
Quelle: Lightning and Surge Protection

5 Branch-specific Costs caused by a One-hour Loss of Production
Costs of a one-hour loss of production Branch Paper approx. 10,000 € Brewery approx. 10,000 € Car Industry Supplier approx. 12,500 € Power Stations approx. 90,000 € Car Industry approx ,000 € (depending on the section) Computing Centre approx. 500,000 € (the potential data loss can no longer be quantified) Lightning and Surge Protection

6 Generation and Effects
Lightning and Surge Protection

7 Causes of Surges due to Lightning Discharges
Direct lightning strike: Distant lightning Strike: 2a Strike into medium- voltage overhead lines 2b Surge travelling waves on overhead lines due to cloud-to-cloud lightning 1 Striking of external lightning protection system, process structure (in industrial plants), cables etc. Rst 1a Voltage drop at the implse earthing resistance Rst L1 L2 L3 PEN 20 kV 1b Induced voltage in loops 2c Fields of the lightning strike IT network power supply Lightning and Surge Protection

8 Galvanic Coupling Lightning Voltage for a System
Lightning Prot. Level Current amplitude kA I 200 II 150 III - IV 100 i t î wave form 10 / 350 µs Ref.: IEC 62305 EBB Rst ûE = î · Rst Example: ûE = 100 kA · 1  = 100 kV Surge Protection

9 Influences on Electrical Installations Causes of Surges
Direct lightning strike (LEMP) Galvanic coupling Inductive / Capacitive coupling Indirect lightning strike Conducted partial lightning currents Inductive / Capacitive coupling M Surges (SEMP) Switching operations Earth faults / Short circuits Tripping fuses Parallel installation of power and IT conductor systems Lightning and Surge Protection

10 Lightning Current Parameters according to IEC 62305
Parameters Lightning Protection Level I II III-IV I (kA) W/R (MJ/) Qs (As) Q long (As) Lightning and Surge Protection

11 International Standardisation
Lightning and Surge Protection

12 IEC 62305 International lightning protection standard
IEC General Principles IEC Risk Management IEC Physical Damage to Structures and Life Hazard IEC Electrical and Electronic Systems Lightning and Surge Protection

13 IEC 62305 International lightning protection standard
General Principles Risk Physical damage and life hazard Electrical- and electronic systems Lightning and Surge Protection

14 Lightning and Surge Protection
IEC Risk Management By working through series of formulae the process allows the user to decide what protection is required. The actual risk (R) must be below the tolerable level (Rt). The ultimate protection may be the installation of a LPS system. Direct strike lightning arresters (LEMP) and surge arresters (SEMP). Lightning and Surge Protection

15 IEC 62305-3 Physical damage to structures and life hazard
Introduction a) External LPS (air termination system, down contuctor‘s, earth termination system). b) An internal LPS (preventing dangerous sparking using equipotential bonding or separation distance (hence electrical insulation) between external LPS and internal metalwork. Lightning and Surge Protection

16 IEC 62305-4 Electrical- and electronic systems within structures
Scope: Provides information for design, installation, inspection, maintenance and testing of a LEMP protection system (LPM) for electrical and electronic systems within a structure able to reduce risk of permanent failure due to LEMP. Basic protection measures in a LPM system Earthing and Bonding Magnetic shielding and line routing Direct strike and surge protection Lightning and Surge Protection

17 Standardisation of Surge Protective Devices
IEC Performance Requirements of Surge Protective Devices for Low-Voltage Power Supply Systems Class I Protection Against Direct Lightning Currents (Lightning Current Arrester) (10/350 µs) Class II Protection Against Indirect Lightning Effects (Surge Arrester) (8/20 µs) Class III Protection Against Switching Overvoltages (Surge Arrester) (1.2/50 µs; 8/20 µs) Lightning and Surge Protection

18 External Lightning Protection System
Air Termination System Downconductor Earth Termination System Lightning and Surge Protection

19 External Lightning Protection System
air termination system down conductor earth termination system Lightning and Surge Protection

20 EMC-orientated Lightning Protection Zones Concept
Lightning and Surge Protection

21 EMC-Orientated Lightning Protection Zones Concept
Surge Protection Seminar 2006 LEMP air-termination system down- conductor system LPZ 0 A Lightning equipotential bonding Lightning current arrester (SPD Type 1) LPZ 0 B Local equipotential bonding Surge arrester (SPD Type 2, SPD Type 3) M LPZ 1 LEMP spatial shield terminal device air ventilation LPZ 3 LPZ 2 LEMP LPZ 0 C power supply system SEMP IT system steel reinforcement foundation earthing electrode Lightning and Surge Protection 06_LPZ Conzept

22 Internal Lightning Protection
Lightning Equipotential Bonding Surge Protection Coordination Lightning and Surge Protection

23 Internal Lightning Protection System
Based on IEC Equipotential Bonding at the Boundary of LPZ Equipotential bonding for all metal parts and supply lines (e.g. metal pipes, electrical power or data lines) which are entering at the boundary of an internal LPZ shall be carried out at equipotential bonding bars which are installed as closely as possible to the point of entry. SPDs with suitable power carrying capacity for electrical power and data lines at the point of entry into the LPZ have always to be installed. Lightning and Surge Protection

24 Lightning Equipotential Bonding for incoming Lines
EBB LPZ 0 LPZ 1 power supply external lightning protection system water gas M heating cathodic protected tank pipe foundation earthing electrode Lightning and Surge Protection

25 Lightning current arrester
Lightning and Surge Protection

26 Internal Lightning Protection Surge Protective Devices
Based on IEC Surge protective devices for lightning equipotential bonding must be capable of safely controlling the partial lightning currents to be expected to flow through them. For this purpose, surge protective devices are chosen according to the requirements on site and installed in accordance with IEC The residual voltage at the surge protective device installed into the building, has to be coordinated with the impulse withstand capability of the installation. Surge protective devices Class I to be installed at the entry of the building, keep a significant part of the power of lightning currents away from the inside of the building. Lightning and Surge Protection

27 Lightning and Surge Protection
What is a Lightning Current Arrester installed into a Power Supply System supposed to perform? Discharging of lightning currents several times without desctruction of the equipment. = Discharge capacity 100 kA (10/350 µs) Providing of a lower voltage protection level than the voltage strength of the downstream installation. Extinguishing or limiting of mains follow currents. Ensuring of the energy coordination to downstream surge protective devices and/or terminal equipment. Lightning and Surge Protection

28 Lightning and Surge Protection
1 Test Impulse Curent for Lightning Current Arresters 2 Test Impulse Current for Surge Arresters 1 10/350 100 50 2.5 · 106 IEC 2 8/20 5 0.1 0.4 · 103 EN 100 kA Wave form µs] i max. [kA] Q [As] W/R [J/] Standard I (kA) 80 kA 60 kA 50 kA 40 kA 1 20 kA 2 20 µs 200 µs 350 µs 600 µs 800 µs 1000 µs t (µs) Lightning and Surge Protection

29 Lightning and Surge Protection
Overvoltage Categories according to IEC Use of Surge Protective Devices (SPD) rated voltage withstand voltage 6 kV 4 kV voltage protection level  2.5kV 2.5 kV household appliances 1.5 kV sensitive devices  1.5 kV SDB terminal device SE M 230/400 V SPD Type 1 2 3 3 (SPD class) (I) (II) (III) (IV) Lightning and Surge Protection

30 Lightning and Surge Protection

31 Lightning and Surge Protection
What is a Surge Arrester installed into a Power Supply System supposed to perform? Discharging of impulse currents (8/20 µs) several times without destroying the terminal equipment = 20 x nominal discharge capacity kA (8/20 µs) Voltage protection level lower than the electrical strength of the downstream terminal devices = Voltage protection level  1,500 V Lightning and Surge Protection

32 Lightning and Surge Protection
Overvoltage Categories according to IEC Use of Surge Protective Devices (SPD) rated voltage withstand voltage 6 kV 4 kV voltage protection level  2.5kV 2.5 kV household appliances 1.5 kV sensitive devices  1.5 kV SDB terminal device SE M 230/400 V SPD Type 1 2 3 3 (SPD class) (I) (II) (III) (IV) Lightning and Surge Protection

33 Lightning and Surge Protection
Coordination of SPDs Lightning and Surge Protection

34 Energy Coordination of SPDs
Based on IEC As soon as two or more SPDs are connected in series, the coordination of the SPDs and the equipment to be protected has to be checked. Energy coordination is achieved as soon as the ratio of energy for all impulse currents for each SPD is equal or less than corresponds to its power withstand capability. The power withstand capability can be determined – by an electrical test according to IEC , – from the technical data of the manufacturer of the SPDs Conclusion: The coordination of the SPDs can only be verified by the manufacturer! Lightning and Surge Protection

35 Energy Coordination of Surge Protective Devices (SPDs)
input interference; lightning impulse current 10/350 µs residual interference impulse current 8/20 µs residual interference uncritical for terminal device terminal device ? 230 / 400 V varistor S 20 K 275 DEHNbloc® M DEHNguard ® S DEHNsafe Lightning and Surge Protection

36 Energy Coordination Overview: SPDs Type 1
M SDB SE 230/400 V Combined SPD Voltage protection level £ 1.5 kV DEHNventil® M DEHNventil® ZP Terminal Unit Red / Line Type 3 DEHNbloc® M DEHNgap M Red / Line Type 2 Red / Line Type 3 Terminal Unit Coordinated lightning current arrester Voltage protection level £ 2.5 kV Red / Line Type 2 Red / Line Type 3 DEHNbloc® H Terminal Unit Lightning current arrester Voltage protection level £ 4 kV Surge Protection

37 Examples of Lightning current and surge arrester
Lightning and Surge Protection

38 DEHNventil® M Characteristics
Low voltage protection level = Protection for terminal devices Capable of carrying lightning currents = For use in lightning protection level Easy exchange of protection modules ... Plastic snap-in device with “parking position“ = Quick installation ... due to module releasing button Leakage-current-free operating state and fault indication for all protective circuits Coding in base part and protection module = Safe application Remote signalling contact as floating changeover contact Leakage-current-free protective circuit = Allows for use upstream of meter panels Lightning and Surge Protection

39 Lightning and Surge Protection
Coordinated lightning current arrester DEHNbloc M Type: DB M (FM) / Part No.: ( ) Coordinated, single-pole Type 1 lightning current arrester in accordance with EN with a modular device design Type of connection to earth TN/TT 230/400 V a.c. Maximum continuous operating voltage a.c. UC = 255 V a.c. RADAX-Flow technology Encapsulated, non-exhausting creepage spark gap Follow current extinguishing capability a.c.: up to 50 kArms Directly coordinated to DEHNguard S 275 (FM) surge protective devices without additional cable length Lightning impulse current (10/350 μs): 50 kA Voltage protection level  2.5 kV Optionally available with remote signalling contact for central monitoring units (floating changeover contact) Lightning and Surge Protection

40 Red / Line DEHNguard® M Family
SPD Type 2 DEHNguard® M TNC 275 (FM) DEHNguard® M TNS 275 (FM) DEHNguard® M TT 275 (FM) DEHNguard® M TN 275 (FM) DEHNguard® M TT 2P 275 (FM) DEHNguard® S (FM) Lightning and Surge Protection

41 DEHNguard M Family Characteristics
High-capacity varistor-based SPD - Nominal discharge current In (20x) = 20 kA (8/20 µs) - Maximum discharge current Imax (1x) = 40 kA (8/20 µs) - Low voltage protection level at In = 1.25 kV High safety due to Thermo Dynamic Control SPD controlling device Operating state and fault indication of all protective circuits, free of operating and leakage currents Energy coordinated within the Red/Line product family 5 application-specific circuit types with and without remote signalling contact = 10 types of devices Lightning and Surge Protection

42 Lightning and Surge Protection
Surge Protective Device Type 3 Use in Distribution Boards / Switchgear Cabinets SPS Protector DEHNrail modular (FM) DEHNrail M 4P 255 Lightning and Surge Protection

43 Characteristics of the DEHNrail M (DR M ....) Series
Discharge current up to 8 kA Different nominal voltages, from 24 V up to 230 V Maximum operating current: 25 A Low voltage protection level L to N and L/N to PE Operating state and fault indication, free of operating and leakage currents Lightning and Surge Protection

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