3 Opposition to enlightenment strong focus on imagination and the human experiencemore short stories, novels, and poemsan emphasis on fictionmultiple interpretations of literatureemphasis on emotions and feelingsfocus on the beauty of nature – raw, unspoiled nature
4 Historical context pg. 134-135 RIT : Analyze a set of ideas or sequence of events – see how these ideas/events develop in a textRIT : Meanings of words and phrases (figurative, connotative, and technical) vocabulary.Historical context pgExpansion of book publishing, magazines, and newspapersIndustrial RevolutionAbolitionist movementTwo major divisions:Dark romanticsTranscendentalistsRead “American Romanticism” pages
6 Use of the supernatural Characters with good and evil intertwined Gothic literatureUse of the supernaturalCharacters with good and evil intertwinedDark landscapesDark use of imaginationUnreliable narratorsCombines fiction, horror, and romance*
7 “She will come tomorrow” by Edwin deakin (1888) How does the painting reflect the ideas and/or characteristics of the dark romantics?RL : Analyze multiple interpretationsRI : Evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media.SL : Participate effectively in a range of conversations and collaborations with diverse partners/peers.
8 First famous American writer “Father of American Literature” Washington IrvingFirst famous American writer“Father of American Literature”Born 1789 in New York CityPopularized the nickname “Gotham” for New York CityDied 1851Popular works: “Legend of Sleepy Hollow,” “Rip Van Winkle,” “Devil and Tom Walker”RI : Evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media.
9 Born 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts Popular motifs are sin/guilt Nathaniel HawthorneBorn 1804 in Salem, MassachusettsPopular motifs are sin/guiltPopular themes are the consequences of pride, greed, and selfishnessDistant relative of John Hathorne, a judge in the Salem Witch TrialsDied 1864RI : Evaluate multiple sources of information presented in different media.
10 ... Do you really need his background? … or his picture? Edgar allan poe... Do you really need his background? … or his picture?All his loved ones die… of TBAwful childhood of abuseDrunk…Born 1809Created, and later popularized, the genre of short story and detective storiesAttacked two long standing conventions: poetry must be long and it must teach a lessonDied 1849Only famous post-mortem
11 With your partner/group: Read your short story. RL : 1, 2, 4, 7, 10: Find textual evidence and infer, provide an objective summary, interpret unknown words/phrases, analyze multiple interpretations, read individually for comprehensionSL : 1, 2, 4, 5, 6: Collaborate in discussion and idea sharing, incorporate media, present information, adapt language for a presentation.Partner up!With your partner/group:Read your short story.Clarify and summarize your short story.Identify defining characteristics from the Romantic movement that apply to your short story. (Use textual evidence.)Create a 5-minute presentation about your short story. Must be visual. (Your textual evidence must be clear in your presentation.)Create a 10-point quiz over your short story and presentation. (Turn your quiz in before your presentation.)Present!Presentations should be 5 minutes long, provide a summary of the text, utilize a visual aid.
12 RL : Compare texts.W : Write routinely over extended time frames.Writing – Journal #3.1 – 1/23/2014Which story did you enjoy the most? Why? What do you find between your own interests in fiction and these stories? Minister’s Black Veil Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment Ligeia The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar The Fall of the House of Usher Rip Van Winkle Legend of Sleepy Hollow Devil and Tom Walker Young Goodman Brown
13 RL : Compare texts.W : Write routinely over extended time framesWriting – Journal #3.2 – 1/29/14Pick up a random journal from your class period. Consider the painting “She Will Come Tomorrow” pictured at the right. Choose one of the stories and explain how it can relate to the image. Dr. Heidegger’s Experiment, Young Goodman Brown, Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Rip Van Winkle, Ligeia, The Facts in the Case of M. Valdemar, The Fall of the House of Usher, Devil and Tom Walker, Minister’s Black Veil
15 Read: “American Masters” pages 302-305 RIT : Determine central ideas of texts, provide objective summary.RIT : Analyze complex set of ideas or sequence of events.RIT : Read and comprehend independently.Read: “American Masters” pages
16 “I Hear America Singing” – pg. 311 “Song of Myself 10” – pg. 314 RL : Determine and compare central ideas of the texts.RL : Demonstrate knowledge of how two or more texts from the same period treat similar themes/topics.“American Masters”Walt WhitmanEmily Dickinsonborn 1819Read:“I Hear America Singing” – pg. 311“Song of Myself 10” – pg. 314“Song of Myself 33” – pg“Song of Myself 52” – pgborn 1830Read:“Success is counted sweetest” – pg. 345“Because I could not stop for death” – pg. 347
17 “I Hear America Singing” RL : Analyze central themes of a text.“I Hear America Singing”What is the speaker saying about the American people in Whitman’s poem?What is the real theme of the poem?Why do you think Whitman does not mention wealthy entrepreneurs, prominent leaders, or wealthy politicians in his poem?Is Whitman idealizing the lot of workers, or do the songs express a positive and realistic aspect of American life? Explain.
18 Write down the literary terms on page 313. RL : Interpret and identify figures of speech and literary devices.RL : Analyze how author’s choices impact the overall aesthetics of the poem.“Song of myself, 10”Write down the literary terms on page 313.What emotions does Whitman want you to feel? How can you tell?Why does Whitman use these specific scenes in his poem?
19 What emotions does Whitman want you to feel in this poem? RL : Make inferences about the text and draw textual evidence to support inferences.RL : Analyze how author’s choice impacts poem.RL : Demonstrate knowledge of how texts treat similar themes/topics.“Song of myself, 33”What emotions does Whitman want you to feel in this poem?Compare these emotions to “Song of Myself, 10.”Find textual evidence of the speaker’s emotions.Match the scene to the speaker’s emotion.Complete the chart on page 318 of poetic devices.
20 Compare the references to Nature among Whitman’s other poems. RL : Analyze how texts approach and treat similar themes.“Song of myself, 52”Compare the references to Nature among Whitman’s other poems.Analyze the meaning of line 10.Analyze the meaning of line 12.
21 “Success is counted sweetest…” RL : Analyze author’s choices for impact.“Success is counted sweetest…”Answer question #2 on page 346 under “Success is counted sweetest…”Summarize the poem.Why does Dickinson use these comparisons?
22 “Because I could not stop for death…” RL : Evaluate various texts and their interpretations.RL : Compare how author’s treat similar topics in different texts.“Because I could not stop for death…”Compare the personification of Death to Whitman’s personification of death.Examine the 3rd stanza in comparison to the “Seven Ages of Man.”Compare the 5th stanza to the riddle of the Sphinx.
23 “Seven ages of man” by William Shakespeare RL : Analyze multiple interpretations – including Shakespeare.RL : Demonstrate knowledge of previous century texts – how texts treat similar themes/topics.Emily Dickinson“Seven ages of man” by William ShakespeareSeeking the bubble reputationEven in the cannon's mouth. And then the justice,In fair round belly with good capon lined,With eyes severe and beard of formal cut,Full of wise saws and modern instances;And so he plays his part. The sixth age shiftsInto the lean and slippered pantaloon,With spectacles on nose and pouch on side;His youthful hose, well saved, a world too wideFor his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,Turning again toward childish treble, pipesAnd whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,That ends this strange eventful history,Is second childishness and mere oblivion,Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.All the world's a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow. Then a soldier, Full of strange oaths and bearded like the pard, Jealous in honor, sudden and quick in quarrel,
24 RL. 11-12. 7: Analyze multiple interpretations of a theme. Riddle of the sphinxWhat goes on 4 legs in the morning, 2 legs in the afternoon, and 3 legs at night? Man.
25 Please do the following… Turn in Vocab List #14 to the tray.Grab a lit book.Paper & something to write with for notes. Thanks
26 RIT. 11-12. 2: Determine central ideas of texts, provide objective summary. RIT : Analyze complex set of ideas or sequence of events.RIT : Read and comprehend independently.Fireside poetsWilliam Cullen Bryant - born “Father of American Poetry” - died 1878 Read: Background pg. 165 “Thanatopsis” pg. 166 “June” - handout In the essay, “The Poetic Principle,” Poe writes: “The rhythmical flow, here, is even voluptuous – nothing could be more melodious. The intense melancholy which seems to well up, perforce, to the surface of all the poet’s cheerful sayings about his grave, we find thrilling us to the soul – while there is the truest poetic elevation in the thrill… the impression left is one of a pleasurable sadness.”
27 “thanos” – Greek – means death “opsis” – Greek – meaning view or sight RL Cite strong and thorough textual evidence.RL Determine two or more themes of a text. Analyze development over a text.RL Analyze how an author’s choice for structure affects the text.RL Demonstrate knowledge of how previous centuries literature compare themes and topics.“Thanatopsis”“thanos” – Greek – means death“opsis” – Greek – meaning view or sightEnglish word “optic” comes fromCompare the personification of death to Whitman and Dickinson.Consider the shift in tone between lines and line 31 through the end of the poem.Why discuss a couch on line 33?
28 Where is the shift in tone found in the poem? RL Cite strong and thorough textual evidence.RL Determine two or more themes of a text. Analyze development over a text.RL Analyze how an author’s choice for structure affects the text.RL Demonstrate knowledge of how previous centuries literature compare themes and topics.“June”Where is the shift in tone found in the poem?How does “June” compare to “Thanatopsis?”
29 Visual literacy: Scene from “thanatopsis” by Asher DuranD (1850)
30 RL : Demonstrate knowledge of 19th century foundational American literature – how different authors from the same time period treat similar topics. – (7: including Shakespeare).: Draw evidence from literary texts to support analysis and reflection.W : Write routinely over extended frames of time.Journal #3.3 – 1/31/14Pick up YOUR journal. Consider all of the poems we’ve read this week. Many people fear death or the death of loved ones. Do you fear death? Are the attitudes and perspectives of death from the various authors comforting? Which author can you most relate to? On a completely different note – which author did you like best: Whitman, Dickinson, Bryant? Sign your journal with YOUR number. A Tout le Monde (Set Me Free) by Megadeth
32 Defining transcendentalism transcendentalism: stressed individualism, intuition, nature, and self-reliancederived from the philosopher Kant, who called "all knowledge transcendental which is concerned not with objects but with our mode of knowing objects.”dominated the thinking of the American Renaissancethe original hippiesfind the beauty and meaning of lifePractical messages of confident self-identity, spiritual progress, social justice
34 Famous transcendentalists RIT : Determine central ideas of texts, provide objective summary.RIT : Analyze complex set of ideas or sequence of events.RIT : Read and comprehend independently.Famous transcendentalistsRalph Waldo EmersonHenry David ThoreauBorn in Concord, MA, 1817Pupil to EmersonNever succeeded in muchInvolved in abolitionist movementResisted materialism, chose simplicity, and individualismDied of TB in 1862“Kindred Spirits”Read:“Henry David Thoreau” pg. 189Excerpt from “Walden or Life in the Woods” pgExcerpt from “Resistance to Civil Government” pgBorn in Boston, MA 1803Brought up in a religious householdWife died of TB – questions religionLeader of the transcendentalistsNicknamed “Sage of Concord”His writing helped establish the philosophy of individualismRead:“Ralph Waldo Emerson” pg. 179Excerpt from “Self-Reliance” pg. 185
35 Theme: Take the time to notice the beauty around you. RIT : Infer about the meaning of the textRIT : Determine author’s point of view in a text, analyze how it shapes the beauty of a text.From “Nature”Theme: Take the time to notice the beauty around you.Emerson says, “To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature.” – Why?Painting: “View from Mt. Holyoke, Northampton Massachusetts” by Thomas Cole
36 “Few adult persons can see nature…” RIT : Infer about the meaning of the textRIT : Determine author’s point of view in a text, analyze how it shapes the beauty of a text.“Few adult persons can see nature…”“Self-Reliance”Sand RakingYou have 2 minutes. Keep in mind, this is an individual assignment. On a separate piece of paper, write down 10 possibilities for what this is…
37 What is the running motif throughout the excerpt? RIT : Determine central ideas of a text & provide objective summary.RIT : Delineate and evaluate reasoning in U.S. documents - essays“Self-Reliance” pg. 185What is the running motif throughout the excerpt?Why do you think following metaphors mean?Planting corn:Joint-stock company:Important quotes:“To be great is to be misunderstood”“Trust thyself; every heart vibrates to that iron string.”
38 W. 11-12. 4: Produce clear, coherent writing W : Draw evidence from informational text to support reflection.W : Write over extended time frames.Writing: Journal #3.4: 2/4/14Pick up your own journal and answer one of the following prompts: 1- Do you think there is too little or too much emphasis on self-reliance and individualism in America today? -OR- 2- One of the major focal points in Emerson’s philosophy was nonconformity. What is a major focal point of your own philosophy?Return to “Famous Transcendentalists”
39 “Kindred Spirits” by asher durand (1849) RIT : Evaluate different forms of media to address literature.Return to “Famous Trascendentalists”“Kindred Spirits” by asher durand (1849)
40 “Resistance to civil government” RIT : Provide objective summary of the text.RIT : Analyze author’s point of view and purpose.RIT : Read and comprehend individually.“Resistance to civil government”SummaryMain points… You should take notes over what I’m saying…Important Quotes:“I think we should be men first and subjects afterward.”“For it matters not how small the beginning may seem: what is once well done is done forever.”
41 W. 11-12. 4: Produce clear, coherent writing W : Draw evidence from informational text to support reflection.W : Write over extended time frames.Journal: #3.5 – 2/7/14In your own journal, write a response to the following question: Is the government necessary? Does Thoreau’s philosophy on civil disobedience have any correlation to your own philosophy where political matters are concerned? Why or why not? Remember to sign your journal with your number.
42 “Walden, or life in the woods” RIT : Provide objective summary of the text.RIT : Analyze author’s point of view and purpose.RIT : Read and comprehend individually.“Walden, or life in the woods”What does the excerpt “from Economy” tell you about Thoreau as a person?According to the excerpt “from Where I Lived and What I Lived for,” why did Thoreau go into the woods?Though he is constantly asked about loneliness, what does Thoreau think of loneliness as stated in “from Solitude?”To what does Thoreau compare weeding a bean field to in “from The Bean Field?” Why does he make this comparison?Why does Thoreau focus so much time on discussing the ants in “from Brute Neighbors?” Relate the situation with the ants back to the title of the section.Additionally, why does Thoreau describe the situation with the loon in so much detail? What is the purpose?
43 “Walden, or life in the woods” RIT : Provide objective summary of the text.RIT : Analyze author’s point of view and purpose.RIT : Read and comprehend individually.“Walden, or life in the woods”According to “from Conclusion,” why does Thoreau leave Walden Pond?In “from Conclusion,” what does Thoreau discover about himself from his time at Walden Pond?To what does Thoreau compare society? Why does he make this comparison?Important Quotes:“Our life is frittered away by detail… simplify, simplify.”“Why should we live with such a hurry and waste life?”“That if one advanced confidently in the direction of his dreams, and endeavors to life the life which he has imagined, he will meet with success…”
44 In your own journal, please respond to the following prompt: W : Produce clear, coherent writingW : Draw evidence from informational text to support reflection.W : Write over extended time frames.Writing: Journal #3.6 – 2/10/14In your own journal, please respond to the following prompt:What elements of Romanticism did you enjoy the most? Why? What were you, as a unique individual, able to connect with?Sign your journal with your number.