Presentation on theme: "2008 Pearson Education, publishing as Longman Publishers Chapter 12: Test Taking Bridging the Gap, 9/e Brenda Smith."— Presentation transcript:
2008 Pearson Education, publishing as Longman Publishers Chapter 12: Test Taking Bridging the Gap, 9/e Brenda Smith
In this chapter you will answer the questions: Can being testwise improve your score? How should you prepare before a test? What should you notice during a test? What strategies should you use to read a comprehension passage? What are the major question types? What hints help with multiple-choice items? How do you answer an essay question?
Can Being Testwise Improve Your Score? High scores depend on preparation, both mental and physical. Understanding how tests are constructed can help.
Strategies for Mental and Physical Preparation Get Plenty of Sleep the Night Before. Arrive Five or Ten Minutes Early and Get Settled. Know What to Expect on the Test. Have Confidence in Your Abilities. Know How the Test Will Be Scored. Plan Your Attack.
Reader’s Tip: Preparing for a Test How will the test look? What material will be covered? How will you study? When will you study? What grade are you honestly working to achieve?
During the Test Concentrate. Read and Follow Directions. Schedule Your Time. Work Rapidly. Think! Ignore Students Who Finish Early.
After the Test Analyze Your Preparation. Analyze the Test. Analyze Your Performance.
Strategies for Standardized Reading Tests Read to Comprehend the Passage as a Whole Anticipate What is Coming Next Read Rapidly, but Don’t Allow Yourself to Feel Rushed Read to Learn and Enjoy Self-Test for the Main Idea
Recognizing the Major Question Types Main Idea Details Inference Purpose Vocabulary
Strategies for Multiple-Choice Items Consider All Alternatives Before Choosing an Answer Anticipate the Answer and Look for Something Close to It Avoid Answers with 100 Percent Words: no none, only, every, always, must Consider Answers with Qualifying Words: few, much, often, may, many, some, perhaps True Statements Must Be True Without Exception If Two Options Are Synonymous, Eliminate Both Study Similar Options to Determine the Differences Use Logical Reasoning If Two Answers Are Correct
Strategies for Multiple-Choice Items Look Suspiciously at Directly Quoted Pompous Phrases Simplify Double Negatives by Canceling Out Both. Use Can’t-Tell Responses If Clues Are Insufficient Validate True Responses on “All the Following Except” Note Oversights on Hastily Constructed Tests: –Grammar –Clues from Other Parts of the Test –Length –Absurd Ideas and Emotional Words
Strategies for Content Area Exams Multiple-Choice Items: Make a list of key terms, facts, and concepts. Quiz yourself and make connections with similarities and differences. Invent scenarios that depict principles and concepts. –Factual questions –Conceptual comprehension –Application questions
Strategies for Content Area Exams Short-Answer Items –Make lists and self-test. –For history exams, be prepared to identify who, what, when, where, and why.
Strategies for Content Area Exams Essay Questions –Translate the Question. –Answer the Question. –Organize Your Response. –Use an Appropriate Style (not conversational). –Be Aware of Appearance. –Predict and Practice. –View Your Response Objectively for Evaluation Points. –After the Test, Read an “A” Paper. See the Reader’s Tip on page 619 for examples of Key Words in Essay Exams.
Locus of Control External Locus of Control: does not take responsibility for test grades Internal Locus of Control: takes responsibility for success on tests. WHICH ARE YOU?
Summary Points Can being testwise improve your score? How should you prepare before a test? What should you notice during a test? What strategies should you use to read a comprehension passage? What are the major question types? What hints help with multiple-choice items? How do you answer an essay question?
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