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© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Chapter 12: Test Taking PowerPoint by JoAnn Yaworski and Mimi Markus Bridging the Gap, 8/e.

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Presentation on theme: "© 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Chapter 12: Test Taking PowerPoint by JoAnn Yaworski and Mimi Markus Bridging the Gap, 8/e."— Presentation transcript:

1 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Chapter 12: Test Taking PowerPoint by JoAnn Yaworski and Mimi Markus Bridging the Gap, 8/e Brenda Smith

2 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman In this Chapter You Will Learn:  How to prepare for a test  How to take a test  Strategies for standardized reading tests  Strategies for multiple choice, content area and essay questions

3 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Preparing to Study for a Test  How will the test look?  What material will be covered?  How will you study?  When will you study?  What grade are you honestly working to achieve?

4 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Before Taking a Test  Get plenty of sleep the night before  Arrive five or ten minutes early and get settled  Know what to expect on the test  Have confidence in your abilities  Know how the test will be scored  Plan your attack

5 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman During the Test  Concentrate  Read and follow directions  Schedule your time  Work rapidly  Think  Don’t be intimidated by students who finish early

6 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman After the Test  Analyze your preparation  Analyze the test  Analyze your performance

7 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Strategies for Standardized Reading Tests  Read to comprehend the passage as a whole  Anticipate what is coming next  Read rapidly, but don’t allow yourself to feel rushed  Read with involvement to learn and enjoy  Self-test for the main idea

8 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Recognizing the Major Question Types  Main idea  Details  Implied meaning  Purpose –Factual –Opinion –Fiction  Vocabulary

9 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Main Idea Questions Main ideas are stated in any of the following forms:  The best statement of the main idea is…  The best title for this passage is…  The author is primarily concerned with…  The central theme of the passage is...

10 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Finding Detail Questions  The author states that…  According to the author…  According to the passage…  All of the following are true except…  A person, term, or place is...

11 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Implied Meaning Questions  The author believes (or feels or implies)…  It can be inferred from the passage…  The passage or author suggests…  It can be concluded from the passage that…

12 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Purpose of the Passage Questions  Factual: to inform, explain, describe, enlighten  Opinion: to argue, persuade, condemn, ridicule  Fiction: to entetain, to narrate, to describe, to shock

13 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Factual  Identification: Gives the facts about science, history, or other subjects  Strategy: If complex, do not try to understand each detail before going to the questions  Example: Textbook  Purposes: To inform, to explain, to describe, or to enlighten

14 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Opinion  Identification: Puts forth a particular point of view  Strategy: Sort out the opinions of the author and the opinions of the opposition  Example: Newspaper editorial  Purposes: To argue, to persuade, to condemn, or to ridicule

15 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Fiction  Identification: Tells a story  Strategy: Read slowly to understand the motivation and interrelationships of characters  Example: Novel or short story  Purposes: To entertain, to narrate, to describe, or to shock

16 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Vocabulary Vocabulary items:  Test your general word knowledge  Test your ability to use context to figure out word meaning

17 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Strategies for Multiple-Choice Items (Part 1)  Consider all alternatives before choosing an answer.  Anticipate the answer and look for something close to it  Avoid answers with 100 percent words  Consider answers with qualifying words  Choose the intended answer without overanalyzing  True statements must be true without exception  If two options are synonymous, eliminate both

18 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Strategies for Multiple Choice Items (Part 2)  Study similar options to determine the differences  Use logical reasoning if two answers are correct  Look suspiciously at directly quoted pompous phrases  Simplify double negatives by canceling out both  Use can’t-tell responses if clues are insufficient  Validate true responses on “all of the following except”  Note oversights on hastily constructed tests: –grammar errors –clues from other parts of the test –absurd ideas and emotional words

19 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Strategies for Content Area Exams  Multiple-choice items  Short-answer items  Essay questions

20 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Strategies for Essay Questions  Translate the question  Answer the question  Organize your response  Use an appropriate style  Be aware of appearance  Predict and practice  View your response objectively for evaluating points  After the test, read an “A” paper

21 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Key Words in Essay Questions

22 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Locus of Control Take responsibility, take control, and accept credit for your success.  Externalizers feel fate, luck or others control what happens to them  Internalizers feel they have control over what happens to them

23 © 2005 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Longman Visit the Longman English Pages Take a Road Trip to Hollywood! Be sure to visit the Test Taking module in your Reading Road Trip CD-ROM for multimedia tutorials, exercises, & tests. 


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