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World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing

2 Part 1: Combat in WWI

3 Entering No Man’s Land Early offensives were a sign warfare changed Western Front ▫Trenches ▫Space between opposing trenches ▫Artillery Barrages ▫Bayonets and Grenades " Retreat hell. We just got here." - USMC Capt. Marine Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division France 1918.

4 New Technology Use of gases ▫Caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation ▫Use of gas masks Use of tanks ▫Very few used Airplanes ▫Small bombs, machine guns

5 Trench Warfare Video Uhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXtsiqrhqs U

6 Part 2: Americans and Victory

7 War at the Sea British fighting German submarines Merchant ships ▫Convoy ▫Warship protection

8 Russia Leaves the War March 1917 riots Food shortages Competition for leadership Vladimir Lenin ▫Pulling out of the war ▫Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ▫Loss of Territory

9 German Offensive Falters March 21, 1918 ▫German massive attack May 31 ▫Block of German drive on Paris July 15 ▫German attack falters ▫Americans/French hold Paris

10 Argonne Forest Ferdinand Foch General Pershing ▫600,000 American Troops ▫40,000 tons of supplies ▫4,000 artillery pieces American victory

11 War Ends Surrender upon the Western Front November 9 th, 1918 ▫German emperor steps down Armistice

12 Part 3: A Flawed Peace

13 Peace? January 1919 ▫Peace Conference ▫“Big Four” ▫Germany? Wilson’s Fourteen Point Plan Fourteenth Point ▫League of Nations

14 Treaty of Versailles Allies criticize Fourteen Point Plan June 28, 1919 ▫Treaty of Versailles  Weakened many of Wilson’s Proposals  Reparations ▫Dissolution of four empires

15 Rejection of the Treaty Opposition by U.S. lawmakers “The Irreconcilables” Wilson’s Health Separate Peace Treaties

16 WWI Veteran

17 Assignment Please do the “Checking For Understanding” on page 469 ▫Numbers 1-3 On the back ▫List the names of the Central Powers ▫List the names of the Allies ▫List the names of at least 5 neutral countries


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