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World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing.

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Presentation on theme: "World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War I A Bloody Conflict “The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle!” – John L. Pershing

2 Part 1: Combat in WWI

3 Entering No Man’s Land Early offensives were a sign warfare changed Western Front ▫Trenches ▫Space between opposing trenches ▫Artillery Barrages ▫Bayonets and Grenades " Retreat hell. We just got here." - USMC Capt. Marine Brigade of the 2nd Infantry Division France 1918.

4 New Technology Use of gases ▫Caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation ▫Use of gas masks Use of tanks ▫Very few used Airplanes ▫Small bombs, machine guns

5 Trench Warfare Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXtsiqrhqs Uhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SXtsiqrhqs U

6 Part 2: Americans and Victory

7 War at the Sea British fighting German submarines Merchant ships ▫Convoy ▫Warship protection

8 Russia Leaves the War March 1917 riots Food shortages Competition for leadership Vladimir Lenin ▫Pulling out of the war ▫Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ▫Loss of Territory

9 German Offensive Falters March 21, 1918 ▫German massive attack May 31 ▫Block of German drive on Paris July 15 ▫German attack falters ▫Americans/French hold Paris

10 Argonne Forest Ferdinand Foch General Pershing ▫600,000 American Troops ▫40,000 tons of supplies ▫4,000 artillery pieces American victory

11 War Ends Surrender upon the Western Front November 9 th, 1918 ▫German emperor steps down Armistice

12 Part 3: A Flawed Peace

13 Peace? January 1919 ▫Peace Conference ▫“Big Four” ▫Germany? Wilson’s Fourteen Point Plan Fourteenth Point ▫League of Nations

14 Treaty of Versailles Allies criticize Fourteen Point Plan June 28, 1919 ▫Treaty of Versailles  Weakened many of Wilson’s Proposals  Reparations ▫Dissolution of four empires

15 Rejection of the Treaty Opposition by U.S. lawmakers “The Irreconcilables” Wilson’s Health Separate Peace Treaties

16 WWI Veteran http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65sq5klbzrw

17 Assignment Please do the “Checking For Understanding” on page 469 ▫Numbers 1-3 On the back ▫List the names of the Central Powers ▫List the names of the Allies ▫List the names of at least 5 neutral countries


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