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Devar 1861-1865.

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Presentation on theme: "Devar 1861-1865."— Presentation transcript:

1 Devar

2 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening
Why were many Northerners surprised at the outcome of the Battle of Bull Run? Northerners expected a quick victory & an early end to the war. Instead, the Confederates defeated the Union troops & drove them back to Washington.

3 Stonewall Jackson Victory at Bull Run

4 Bull Run Creek

5 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening
How did women participate in the Civil War? Women ran farms & business, worked in factories, & became teachers & government workers. They also served in the military as nurses, messengers, guides, scouts, smugglers, soldiers, & spies.

6 22.4 Antietam: A Bloody Affair
What was important about the Battle of Antietam? Robert E. Lee hoped that a victory at Antietam would convince Maryland to join the Confederacy & encourage European nation to support the South. Lee’s defeat at Antietam prevented him from accomplishing these objectives.

7 Robert E. Lee Confederate General


9 Soldiers Soldiers

10 Hot Air Balloon

11 22.4 Antietam: A Bloody Affair
What hardships did Civil War soldiers face in combat? Death tolls were staggeringly high. Rifles, cannons, & artillery made it easy to kill from a distance. Inadequate medical attention meant soldiers frequently died from their wounds. Diseases also spread throughout the camps, killing huge #’s of soldiers.

12 Beds of Injured Soldiers



15 Surgical Room

16 Emancipation Proclamation
On January 1, 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. This order declared slaves in all Confederate States were to be free. Confederate states ignored the order. The Emancipation Proclamation changed the war into a crusade for freedom.

17 Abraham Lincoln Issued the Emancipation Proclamation on
January 1, 1863.

18 22.5 Gettysburg: A Turning Point
Why was the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War? Lee, who hoped a victory in this northern city would convince the Union to ask for peace. Instead he lost 1/3 of his army during the battle. Afterward, he withdrew to Virginia & conducted only a defensive war on southern soil.


20 22.5 Gettysburg: A Turning Point
What problems developed on the Union home front during the war? On the home front, “Copperheads” opposed the war, believing peace was more important than preserving the Union. Other opponents were sympathetic to the Confederate cause. The draft forced men to fight in the war, and riots broke out as some of them protested.

21 22.6 Vicksburg: A Besieged City
Why was the Union victory at Vicksburg important? The Union victory at Vicksburg meant that the Union controlled traffic on the Mississippi River, & that the South was divided.




25 Ulysses S. Grant Union General & Future President of
the United States.

26 22.6 Vicksburg: A besieged City
What problems developed on the Confederate home front during the war? Bombing & raids forced people to seek protection in hillside caves. B/C of the Union blockade on Southern ports, imported goods disappeared (were stolen) from stores. Invading Union forces cut RR lines & destroyed crops. (A.K.A. TOTAL WAR) Clothing wore out & had to be patched & repaired rather than being replaced.

27 22.7 Fort Wagener: African Americans Join the War
What was important about the actions of the Massachusetts 54th at Fort Wagner? The 54th was an all African American regiment who fought during the war. Although the Massachusetts 54th was forced to stop their attack on Fort Wagner after losing almost ½ their men, the bravery of these African American soldiers won the respect of other Union soldiers.


29 22.7 Fort Wagner: African Americans Join the War
How did African Americans contribute to the Union war effort? African American regiments fought nearly 500 battles. Although poorly trained, equipped, and paid, they fought with great courage.

30 William H. Carney First African American to be awarded the medal
of Honor.

31 22.8 Appomattox: Total War Brings an End
What is meant by “total war”? What did the Union army do during their campaign to total war? “Total War” meant war on the enemy’s will to fight & ability to support an army. Union soldiers destroyed RR lines & everything of value. Houses were robbed, crops burned, & livestock killed.

32 William T. Sherman Union General who used Total War as
a tactic to win the Civil War.

33 22.8 Appomattox: Total War Brings an End
What terms did Grant offer Lee when he surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse? Confederate troops could go home if they promised to stop fighting. They were allowed to keep their horses & mules, which would be needed for spring planting. Officers would keep their swords & weapons. Grant ordered that food be sent to Lee’s army.

34 The Courthouse

35 Lee’s Surrender @ Appomattox

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