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Devar 1861-1865. 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening  Why were many Northerners surprised at the outcome of the Battle of Bull Run?  Northerners expected.

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Presentation on theme: "Devar 1861-1865. 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening  Why were many Northerners surprised at the outcome of the Battle of Bull Run?  Northerners expected."— Presentation transcript:

1 Devar

2 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening  Why were many Northerners surprised at the outcome of the Battle of Bull Run?  Northerners expected a quick victory & an early end to the war.  Instead, the Confederates defeated the Union troops & drove them back to Washington.

3 Stonewall Jackson  Victory at Bull Run

4 Bull Run Creek

5 22.3 Bull Run: A Great Awakening  How did women participate in the Civil War?  Women ran farms & business, worked in factories, & became teachers & government workers.  They also served in the military as nurses, messengers, guides, scouts, smugglers, soldiers, & spies.

6 22.4 Antietam: A Bloody Affair  What was important about the Battle of Antietam?  Robert E. Lee hoped that a victory at Antietam would convince Maryland to join the Confederacy & encourage European nation to support the South.  Lee’s defeat at Antietam prevented him from accomplishing these objectives.

7 Robert E. Lee  Confederate General

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9 Soldiers

10 Hot Air Balloon

11 22.4 Antietam: A Bloody Affair  What hardships did Civil War soldiers face in combat?  Death tolls were staggeringly high.  Rifles, cannons, & artillery made it easy to kill from a distance.  Inadequate medical attention meant soldiers frequently died from their wounds.  Diseases also spread throughout the camps, killing huge #’s of soldiers.

12 Beds of Injured Soldiers

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15 Surgical Room

16 Emancipation Proclamation  On January 1, 1863 Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.  This order declared slaves in all Confederate States were to be free.  Confederate states ignored the order.  The Emancipation Proclamation changed the war into a crusade for freedom.

17 Abraham Lincoln  Issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.

18 22.5 Gettysburg: A Turning Point  Why was the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War?  Lee, who hoped a victory in this northern city would convince the Union to ask for peace. Instead he lost 1/3 of his army during the battle.  Afterward, he withdrew to Virginia & conducted only a defensive war on southern soil.

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20 22.5 Gettysburg: A Turning Point  What problems developed on the Union home front during the war?  On the home front, “Copperheads” opposed the war, believing peace was more important than preserving the Union.  Other opponents were sympathetic to the Confederate cause. The draft forced men to fight in the war, and riots broke out as some of them protested.

21 22.6 Vicksburg: A Besieged City  Why was the Union victory at Vicksburg important?  The Union victory at Vicksburg meant that the Union controlled traffic on the Mississippi River, & that the South was divided.

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25 Ulysses S. Grant  Union General & Future President of the United States.

26 22.6 Vicksburg: A besieged City  What problems developed on the Confederate home front during the war?  Bombing & raids forced people to seek protection in hillside caves.  B/C of the Union blockade on Southern ports, imported goods disappeared (were stolen) from stores.  Invading Union forces cut RR lines & destroyed crops. (A.K.A. TOTAL WAR)  Clothing wore out & had to be patched & repaired rather than being replaced.

27 22.7 Fort Wagener: African Americans Join the War  What was important about the actions of the Massachusetts 54 th at Fort Wagner?  The 54 th was an all African American regiment who fought during the war.  Although the Massachusetts 54th was forced to stop their attack on Fort Wagner after losing almost ½ their men, the bravery of these African American soldiers won the respect of other Union soldiers.

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29 22.7 Fort Wagner: African Americans Join the War  How did African Americans contribute to the Union war effort?  African American regiments fought nearly 500 battles.  Although poorly trained, equipped, and paid, they fought with great courage.

30 William H. Carney  First African American to be awarded the medal of Honor.

31 22.8 Appomattox: Total War Brings an End  What is meant by “total war”? What did the Union army do during their campaign to total war?  “Total War” meant war on the enemy’s will to fight & ability to support an army.  Union soldiers destroyed RR lines & everything of value.  Houses were robbed, crops burned, & livestock killed.

32 William T. Sherman  Union General who used Total War as a tactic to win the Civil War.

33 22.8 Appomattox: Total War Brings an End  What terms did Grant offer Lee when he surrendered at Appomattox Courthouse?  Confederate troops could go home if they promised to stop fighting.  They were allowed to keep their horses & mules, which would be needed for spring planting.  Officers would keep their swords & weapons.  Grant ordered that food be sent to Lee’s army.

34 The Courthouse

35 Lee’s Appomattox


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