2 BELLWORK: 9/24Would you be able to live out in the Wild, Wild West? Why or why not? Learning Goal: Students will be able to analyze Westward Expansion and the development of the U.S. Essential Question: How did Westward Expansion impact the United States?
4 Questions for Analysis •How many states existed in 1860? •Was there any land which was owned by the United States government but which was not yet admitted into the Union as a state? •What is the difference between a state and a territory? •How did a territory become a state?
5 BELLWORK: 9/25 “The American West was a land of opportunity for Americans in the late 1800s.” To what extent do you agree with this statement?
6 Life on the Plains-Were there good water sources on the plains? -If there were few trees, with what would settlers build? What would they use for fuel? -What means of transportation existed at this time to either transport settlers and goods onto the plains, or transport the goods they produced to markets elsewhere? -What means of communication existed to connect those settling the plains with people on either the eastern or western seaboards? How could the government play a role in enticing people to settle the Great Plains?
7 Theme 1: The American west was a land of hardship and opportunity.
8 Theme 2: Western life was largely shaped by geography.
9 Theme 3: Western expansion continued to bring American settlers into conflict with American Indians.
10 4 main economic opportunities in the West FarmingRanchingMiningRailroad construction
13 Opportunities Available Land Sources: Homestead Act (from gov’t) Sales (from other land owners)ACTIVITY: WE WILL BE ANALYZING SEVERAL HOMESTEAD DOCUMENTS TO SEE WHAT THESE PIONEERS ACTUALLY HAD TO DO.
14 What does a successful farmer need? Bellwork 9/26- FarmingWhat does a successful farmer need?
15 The Great American West Students will take notes, during this 15 min clip.
16 What does a successful farmer need? FarmingWhat does a successful farmer need?Land with tillable soilAdequate rainfall or irrigationAccess to machinery and suppliesA way to transport goods to marketA market for the goods
17 Hardship Thick sod Lack of rainfall/water Social isolation Debt Low crop pricesHigh freight chargesExtreme weatherCrop-eating Insects
29 Hardships Dangerous, exhausting work Competition for jobs kept wages low
30 The Impact of Railroads Brought settlers westAllowed westerners to trade with the eastLargest landowner in the westResponsible for the creation on many townsEncouraged slaughter of buffaloAccelerated conflict with Native Americans
31 The Indian Wars"It makes little difference, however, where one opens the record of history of the Indians; every page and every year has its dark stain. The story of one tribe is the story of all."--Helen Hunt Jackson
32 Indian Wars: background In reality, Indians had been at war with white "invaders" since about 1493 when Columbus' men had their first clash with Native Americans.Indians in the American west had been isolated from the pressures of U.S. expansion until after the Civil War.
33 Indian Wars: A Shift in Policy When expansion into the American west accelerated and the U.S. government changed its policy to "concentration." This meant moving Indians onto reservations.Some tribes peacefully signed treaties with the US government giving up their lands in exchange for promises of food and other payments. Other tribes fought for their lands.Life on reservations was worsened by corrupt Indian agents.
35 Indian WarsBeginning in 1862, the U.S. army began a series of violent conflicts with various Native American tribes. Together, these conflicts are known as the "Indian Wars." The goal of U.S. policy was to force uncooperative tribes onto reservations and to secure western lands for white owners.
36 The End Results All tribes were forced onto Reservations Traditional ways of life for Native Americans were endangeredSettlers gained access to the best Western lands
37 The near-extinction of the bison Buffalo were hunted for sport, for their valuable furs, and as an intentional way to hurt Indian tribes that relied on the animal for survival.
38 ReformersReformers sought to save the Indian by “civilizing” the Indian. Although well intentioned, they were not appreciative of Indian cultures.
40 PopulismA general definition: A political philosophy supporting the rights and power of the people in their struggle against the privileged elite.A more specific definition: A movement, primarily of farmers, in the late 1800s that demanded government aid for the common farmer and worker.