2 NT Overview (Pauline Books + Key Words) NT Overview (Pauline Books + Key Words)“To the remotest part of the earth” (Acts 1:8)ActsApr 48- Sep 491 GalatiaApr 50- Sep 522 AegeanSpr 53- May 573 AsiaFeb 60- Mar 621 RomeSpr 62- Fall 674 SpainAut 67- Spr 682 RomeMay 57- Aug 59Damascus AntiochMay 57- Aug 59TrialsFall 49TheCouncilSpring 68Expansion of ChurchMattKingdomSov 1LukeActsSov 2MarkDiscipleBelieveJohnGalJustifyRapture1 ThessSanctify1 CorUnityEph1 TimOrderDoctrine2 Tim2 ThessTribulation2 CorApostleColDeityConductTitusRomansRighteousForgivePhilemGospels & ActsPhilAttitudePauline EpistlesPauline Books + Key Words
3 RECIPIENT Type Timothy – Paul’s long-time travel companion 238RECIPIENTTimothy – Paul’s long-time travel companionTypeHighly personal and emotional letter.
4 OCCASION written 5 years after 1Timothy 238written 5 years after 1TimothyPaul’s second Roman imprisonment(4:6-8)before Paul’s execution (4: 9, 21)when Nero put blame on Christians
5 2 Timothy Origin/Recipients 238 Origins / Recipients2382 TimothyOrigin/RecipientsPaul penned 2 Timothy to his long-time traveling companion, Timothy (2 Tim. 1:2), 5 years after his 1st letter.Assuming Timothy still remained in Ephesus(1 Tim. 1:3b), 2 Timothy also had the same destination (2 Tim. 1:16-18; 4:19).The letter was written from Rome (1:17; 2:9) during Paul's 2nd Roman imprisonment after his 1st defense before the Imperial Court (4:16-17).RomeEphesus
6 2 Timothy Key Word Doctrine Key Verse 238Key Word / VerseKey WordDoctrineKey Verse“All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work… Preach the Word”(2 Timothy 3:16-17; 4:2).
7 2 Timothy 237 Sound Doctrine Against Opposition Persevere in Present HardshipFuture Hardship Chapters 1—2 Chapters 3—4 Examplesof Faithfulness1 Characteristics2 Problem:Apostasy3:1-9Solution:Preach the Word3:10—4:5 Paul’s Hope4:6-22 EuniceLoisPaulOnesiphorus Discipling * Single-minded * Obedient * Hardworking * Biblical* Holy * GentleGodlessnessHypocrisy PreachingPerseveringRebukingEncouragingEvangelism MartyrdomBetrayalsGreetingsBenediction Rome to Ephesus Autumn AD 67 (second Roman imprisonment)Sound Doctrine Against Opposition Persevere in Present Hardship Persevere in Future Hardship Chapters 1—2 Chapters 3—4 Examplesof Faithfulness1 Characteristics2 Problem:Apostasy3:1-9Solution:Preach the Word3:10—4:5 Paul’s Hope4:6-22 EuniceLoisPaulOnesiphorus Discipling * Single-minded * Obedient * Hardworking * Biblical* Holy * GentleGodlessnessHypocrisy PreachingPerseveringRebukingEncouragingEvangelism MartyrdomBetrayalsGreetingsBenediction Rome to Ephesus Autumn AD 67 (second Roman imprisonment)Summary Chart
8 MAJOR THEMESFaithfulnessApostasyGod-inspired Word
9 MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness Examples of Faithfulness:a. Learn from mother,Eunice, & grandmother,Lois (1:3-7)Learn in one’s own home,with parents setting exampleof faithfulness in daily dealings.
10 MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness b. Learn from Paul(1:8-14)Paul remained faithful in difficult times because he believed and trusted God to keep him till the end (1:11-12).
11 MAJOR THEME 1: Faithfulness c. Learn from Onesiphorus (1:15-18)Onesiphorus was not ashamed to be known as a friend of Paul when he was a prisoner. He searched for Paul very diligently and found him.
12 Characteristics of Faithfulness Soldier (2: 3-4) – To fight well, a soldier must disengage himself from all other worldly businesses so that he can stay focus on his vocation and please his commander.
13 2. Athlete (2:5) – An athlete cannot win the race unless he follows the rules of the game.
14 3. Farmer (2:6-13) – A farmer must work hard in order to achieve a good harvest. Faithfulness = loyal to Christ, our commander, to follow the law of God and work hard
15 disobedient to their parents ungrateful unholy without love MAJOR THEME 2: Apostasylovers of themselveslovers of moneyboastfulproudabusivedisobedient to their parentsungratefulunholywithout loveunforgivingslanderouswithout self-controlbrutalnot lovers of the goodtreacherousrashconceitedlovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God
16 MAJOR THEME 3: Bible Paul’s View of Scripture a. God-Inspired/breathed (3:16; 2 Peter 1:21)b. Useful (3:17)- TeachingRebukingCorrectingTraining in righteousnessThe purpose is to equip men of God against false teachings and unto good work
17 237SUMMARY STATEMENTPreach the WordHARDSHIPfaithfully practice
18 APPLICATIONSAre you an Onesiphorus, upholding Christian confession in time of trial and persecution? What are the characteristics of faithfulness you possess? Soldier, athlete in training, hardworking farmer?2. Are you experiencing apostasy in your ministry? What can you do to survive?3. Reflect on what kind of testimony you would write at the end of your life. What words of encouragement and challenge for the next generation?
19 CONCLUSION Effective Testimony “I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.”2 Timothy 4:7Paul’s advice to Timothy is valid.
20 CONCLUSION 2. The Final Victory “Now there is in store for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will award to me on that day--and not only to me, but also to all who have longed for his appearing.”2 Timothy 4:8With the reward ahead, the task in hand will look much lighter.