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Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger Assessing Sustainable Technology Options for the Poorest and Most Vulnerable - Framework.

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Presentation on theme: "Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger Assessing Sustainable Technology Options for the Poorest and Most Vulnerable - Framework."— Presentation transcript:

1 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger Assessing Sustainable Technology Options for the Poorest and Most Vulnerable - Framework Approach and First Results

2 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction  Strengthen South–South dialogue and intraregional learning on sustainable agricultural technologies  Increase and accelerate the rate of adoption of sustainable and productivity-enhancing agricultural technologies   Funded by the European Union A Network to … 2

3 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction – Role of FSC  Establish analytical framework for sustainable and productivity enhancing technologies  Collect relevant technology options from various sources  Identify priority technologies  Make options available to stakeholders 3

4 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Sustainability is dealt with at different levels:  International and national level  Farming systems level/ natural resource management level  Farm level/ industry level  Technology level  At farm and technology level:  Over 100 criteria to assess sustainability were identified from literature  Facets of sustainability: minimum 3 to up to 6 Review of the literature 4

5 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Take a decision based on many criteria: Multi Criteria Decision Making  Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) (Saaty, 1980): Structure the problem, elicit judgments (knowledge & feelings), represent judgments with meaningful numbers, use numbers to calculate the weights, synthesize results to determine overall outcome, analyze sensitivity  Merge all criteria into one indicator: composite sustainability development index (Krajnc and Glavič, 2005) Methodology 5

6 6 Analytical Framework Scoping studies for collection of data required for indicator construction Participatory Multi Criteria Decision Making: Team effort to weight and score sub- indicators and to eliminate unsustainable technologies. Studies on adoption pathways Fact sheet 1.0 Fact sheet 2.0 First draft extension material “Data Bank”: Knowledge base on sustainable technologies + Application phaseSelectionValidation Baseline survey Inventory of technologies Pre-tested extension material Output Activity Analytical Framework Graph 6

7 Suitable technology EnvironmentEconomy SocietyTechnology Benefits/ risks to environment (rating) Impact on local biodiversity (points) Impact on natural biological processes (points) Energy use characteristics (points) Water use characteristics (points) Share of recycled inputs (%) Share of off-site inputs (%) Benefits/ risks to economy (rating) Benefits/ risks to society (rating) Ownership of agricultural land required (yes/ no) Share of female adopters (%) Risk of disturbance (rating) Persons involved (number) Payment of persons involved (yes/ no) Comparative advantage (rating) Complexity/ Simplicity/ Transferability Overall objective (Indicator) Sub-objective (Facets of sustainability) Criteria 7 Hierarchy scheme

8 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Call for application to promote best practices in sustainable agriculture was published on FSC website and SATNET Asia website  Total of 213 contacts were invited to participate:  Project partners and Associates  International, regional and national public organizations  International and national agricultural research systems  International and national NGOs  Private sector  Every contact was invited to forward the call to the respective professional network Call for application 8

9 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  6 applications from 4 countries Call for application (cont.) TechnologyCountry Vegetable PoolBangladesh Kharif Maize StabilizationIndia Kharif Paddy StabilizationIndia Leasehold riverbed farmingNepal JeevatuNepal REBLOOM / Rice-specific Ecofriendly Biofertilizer in Liquid form based on micro-Organisms consortium and Originated through a Metagenomic approach Sri Lanka 9

10 Example: Vegetable pool 10

11 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction – Spider web of criteria 11

12 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Online survey to compare all criteria in a pairwise manner: total of ( =) 38 pairwise comparisons  9 out of 51 (18%) invited experts participated Assigning weights to criteria 12

13 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  AHP prone to human error in judgment:  Only 4 experts had acceptable consistency ratios (CR<0.1) in both environmental and societal groups of criteria  Experts had contradicting view points on importance of some criteria  Judgments of 4 experts were merged using ‘aggregation of individual judgment’ (AIJ) method Results of weighing criteria 13

14 14 Suitable technology EnvironmentEconomy SocietyTechnology Overall objective (Indicator) Sub-objective (Facets of sustainability) Criteria 17 %Benefits/ risks to environment 15 %Impact on local biodiversity 13 %Impact on natural biological processes 19 %Energy use characteristics 16 %Water use characteristics 12 %Share of recycled inputs 8 %Share of off-site inputs 19 %Benefits/ risks to society 12 % Ownership of agricultural land required 17 %Share of female adopters 13 %Risk of disturbance 19 %Persons involved 20 %Payment of persons involved 49 %Comparative advantage 51 %Complexity/ Simplicity/ Transferability 100 %Benefits/ risks to economy 30% 10 % Criteria weights 14

15 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Scoring of criteria needs critical mass of applications and consolidation by project partners and associates  Criteria weights can be used for indicator calculation after improvement of consistency and consensus building  More communication is needed to increase the number of technology applications Conclusions 15

16 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Collection of technology options:  Ongoing with four deadlines per year  When critical mass of technology applications is collected: scoring of qualitative criteria  Assigning weights to criteria  Advise experts to improve consistency of judgments where necessary  Expert consultation for consensus building on criteria weights  Indicator calculation  Validation studies (February to June 2013) Outlook 16

17 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction –  Design fact sheets and data base to make information available publicly  Fact sheets:  What information should be included?  What format? Which language(s)?  Data base  How to make it user friendly?  What search options?  Interactive data base? Outlook (cont.) 17

18 Simone Kathrin Kriesemer, Detlef Virchow and Katinka M. Weinberger SATNET Asia – Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction – Thank you for your attention Innovation Network for Food Security and Poverty Reduction 18


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