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Strengthening International Science for the Benefit of Society Celebrating 75 years: 1931-2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Strengthening International Science for the Benefit of Society Celebrating 75 years: 1931-2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strengthening International Science for the Benefit of Society Celebrating 75 years: 1931-2006

2 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20062 ICSU: who and what? Founded in 1931, but roots back to 1899 A membership organization with: 105 National Members, and 29 International Scientific Unions Establishes Interdisciplinary Bodies (18) in key areas Limited finances but unique worldwide access to intellectual resources

3 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20063 ICSU: a long history A few landmarks:  International Geophysical year (1957-1958)  International Biological Programme (1964-1974)  Freedom in the conduct of science (1963-)  Four global change programmes (1980-)  ASCEND 21 and the Rio Earth Summit (1991,1992)  Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD, 2002)  Summit on the information Society (WSIS, 2003,05)  Regional Offices (2005-)  International Polar Year (2007-2008)

4 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20064 The ICSU Vision “ “A world where science is used for the benefit of all, excellence in science is valued and scientific knowledge is effectively linked to policy-making. In such a world, universal and equitable access to scientific data and information is a reality and all countries have the scientific capacity to use these ….”

5 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20065 ICSU Strategic Plan 3yr consultation involving scientists across the world to identify societally important priorities where science can and should be making a major contribution. the process itself resulted in a total of 13 separate expert reviews, reports and statements

6 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20066 Themes International Research Collaboration Science and Policy Universality of Science Three inter-related themes:

7 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20067 International Research Collaboration Linking research, monitoring, and assessments with focus on global environmental change International Polar Year 2007-2008 Natural and Human-Induced Environmental Hazards and Disasters Science for Sustainable Development Science for Human Health Sustainable Energy

8 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20068 Common features Complex scientific challenges New knowledge and new approaches necessary Trans-disciplinary: natural and social sciences need to work together Many stakeholders outside of science involved Politically (and commercially) sensitive Raise issues of equity and openness Critical links between local and global challenges and solutions

9 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-20069 ICSU’s role: the Global Change example 100% 0.5% 0.005% Seeding and catalysis Research Planning and Coordination Initialization ICSU US$ 2 bn US$ 10m US$ 100k

10 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200610 Science for Policy Ensure that international research programmes address key policy issues Participate in major international assessments Produce authoritative statements Speak as the voice of international science in policy fora

11 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200611 Coordinated Research The four global change programmes provide the framework for the science on which IPCC assessments are built.

12 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200612 Targeted Assessments ICSU as an institutional partner in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, which feeds into UN conventions on: Biodiversity, Desertification, Migratory Species

13 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200613 Authoritative Statements Statement by the international science community on the Millennium Development Goals to the United Nations General Assembly, September 2005.

14 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200614 UN Commission for Sustainable Development To review and enhance progress in the implementation of Agenda 21, Johannesburg Plan of Implementation. Annual meetings convene government ministers, heads of UN agencies, and leading representatives of industry and civil society. Operates on two-year cycles of work, with specific ‘thematic clusters’ for each cycle. In 2006-07, themes include climate change, energy, air pollution and industrial development

15 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200615 CSD ‘Major Groups’ Women Youth Indigenous People Non-governmental Organizations Local Authorities Workers and Trade Unions Business and Industry Farmers Science and Technology (ICSU and WFEO)

16 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200616 Why Participate in CSD? S&T is a necessary (though not sufficient) foundation for sustainable development. Communicate existing scientific knowledge (and uncertainties) to key stakeholders Develop a participatory research agenda for Sustainable Development Build mutual trust and understanding with the end- users of scientific research Ensure that science is recognized, and supported accordingly, as having a central role in SD

17 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200617 Universality of Science The Principle of Universality of Science –Freedom and Responsibility in science Reaching out to all countries: –Access to Data and Information –Regional Offices

18 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200618 The Principle of Universality of Science ICSU Statute 5: Founding principle of ICSU Stipulates non-discrimination and equity in the conduct of science Shared responsibility for all scientists in promoting and upholding the principle Freedoms also imply responsibilities

19 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200619 Equitable Access to Scientific Information Policies: –Full and open access to scientific data –Universal and equitable access to scientific publications Mechanisms, eg International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP) Coordination and partnerships– develop a multi- stakeholder Scientific Data and Information Forum (SciDiF)

20 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200620 ICSU Regional Offices ICSU Regional Office for Africa inaugurated in September 2005 Agreement reached with Malaysia for the Asia and Pacific region Further Offices to follow soon in Latin America/Caribbean (Brazil) and Arab regions Aim: To ensure that the voice of developing countries influences the international agenda setting and that scientists from the South are fully involved in the research

21 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200621 Strategic Partners The UN System, including:The UN System, including: –UNESCO –UNESCO Sectors of Natural and Social Sciences, Education and Communication –UNEP –UNEP and its Science Initiative CSD –UN Commission for Sustainable Development (CSD) –WMO, re climate change, IPY and Natural Hazards TWASThe Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) The technological community

22 June, 2006Celebrating 75 years: 1931-200622 In Conclusion “Strengthening science for the benefit of society can only be achieved if scientific knowledge is used not only to stimulate innovation and development of new technologies but also to inform decision making….Scientists and their representative organizations have to accept increasing responsibility and develop new mechanisms to share their understanding with many different stakeholders in society..” Draft Strategic Plan p. 44


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