2 How to Prepare for the CMDRT A Guide for Candidates Preparing to Challenge CSA’s Certified Medical Device Reprocessing Technician Personnel Certification Exam
3 Purpose of the Certification The primary purpose of the certification is to ensure the health and safety of patients and technicians who clean, decontaminate, disinfect and sterilize re-usable medical devicesPromote public healthCreate a national standard for Medical Device Reprocessing TechniciansLend authority and credibility to the professionMeet the needs of industry and regulators for relevant, standardized training andReduce the number of hours needed for on-the-job training
4 BackgroundSignificant interest from CSA Technical Committee on Sterilization, January 2008Central Service Association of Ontario (CSAO) came forward as champions to further explore needCSA Assessment completed, July 2008Committee unanimously endorsed development of a national personnel certification programCSA began development, September 2008First Scheme Committee meeting, October 2008
5 Benefits Benefits of certification for healthcare facilities are: Positive patient outcomesImproved practitioner health and safetyLabour force mobilityQuality assuranceIncreased performanceGreater career opportunitiesHuman resources supportIt is important to note that the costs of an adverse patient infection incident can be considerably higher than the cost to certify employees!
6 CMDRT WebsiteAvailable information includes:Program Handbook, Application and Skills ChecklistLink to Exam locationsTraining OrganizationsRegistry of Certified CMDRT’s
7 CMDRT Program Handbook Contains all the detailed information on the certification:PrerequisitesBody of KnowledgeRecommended ResourcesApplicable FeesApplication and Performance Checklist
8 Qualifications of a CMDRT A qualified technician can perform the following activities without assistance, including (but not limited to):Applying the principals of basic microbiology and infection prevention and control to decrease risk to both patients and staff during routine reprocessing proceduresFollowing written department policies and standard operating proceduresHandling and transporting contaminated medical devicesDecontaminating reusable medical devicesSelecting and safely using reprocessing products (e.g. detergents, low and high level disinfectants)Disinfecting medical devices
9 Qualifications of a CMDRT A qualified technician can perform the following activities without assistance, including (but not limited to):7. Preparing and packaging medical devices8. Inspecting instruments and devices for cleanliness, function and damage9. Sterilizing medical devices10. Monitoring and documenting quality11. Storing and distributing medical devicesRecognizing and responding to occupational health and safety hazards or eventsTroubleshooting common problemsUsing common reprocessing equipment
10 Education and/or Experience Pre-Requisites Option 1:1. Education: High School Graduate or equivalent (e.g. GED) AND2. Training: Successful completion of a recognized medical device reprocessing educational program AND3. Experience: Successful completion of a practicum and/or work experience in medical device reprocessing totaling a minimum of 500 hours. Evidence of experience shall be provided via a performance checklist
11 Education and/or Experience Pre-Requisites Option 2 1. Experience: Four thousand (4,000) hours work experience in medical device reprocessing within the last 5 years (equal to approximately .4 full time equivalent) Evidence of experience shall be provided via a performance checklist
12 CMDRT ExamThe CMDRT Exam is a 99 question multiple-choice examination.Candidates have 3 hours to complete the exam.
13 CMDRT ExamThe CMDRT exam addresses the broad spectrum of knowledge and skills possessed by a reprocessing technician.A small percentage of the exam is dedicated to duties that a technician might not perform on a regular basis; for example, High Level Disinfection and Endoscope re-processing.Even so, these are areas for which a technician should have some basic knowledge
14 Recommended Resources for Study CSAO: The Manual for Reprocessing Medical Devices – First Edition, and Companion Workbook, $195.00Contact CSAO Office atCBSPD: The Basics of Sterile Processing, 3rd Edition, approx. $95.00 US; Workbook for the Basics of Sterile Processing, 3rd Edition, approx. $30.00 USAvailable from CBSPD,
15 Standards from CSA Group Your MDR Department should have a copy on hand for your reference –Z314.3 Effective Sterilization in Health Care Facilities by the Steam ProcessZ314.8 Decontamination of Reusable Medical DevicesTo purchase, contact CSA:
16 PIDACAlthough the PIDAD document is an Ontario Best Practices guide, many other jurisdictions have adopted the guidelines. The latest edition also makes extensive use of CSA StandardsBest Practices for Cleaning, Disinfection and Sterilization of Medical Equipment / Devices in all Healthcare SettingsFirst published April 2006Reviewed and Revised February 2010PDF available at no charge from
17 PHAC – Hand WashingHand Washing, Cleaning, Disinfection and Sterilization in Health Care, Public Health Canada, 1998, under revisionPDF available at no charge from:See also CHICA-Canada, Hand Hygiene Resources:
18 SCGNA-Reprocessing Flexible Endoscopes Standards of Infection Control in Reprocessing of Flexible Gastrointestinal Endoscopes, 2007PDF available from Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associations, Inc. (SCGNA) from
19 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint The Exam Blueprint consists of the exam objectives as developed by a group of industry experts. The weighting for each object was validated through industry survey. The table outlines the knowledge and skills required for each objective.There are 9 sections in the blueprint. The following slides will break down each objective and look at the study resources for each one.
20 Secondary ResourcesThese are listed for reference but do not represent a significant part of the exam content:CDC Disinfection and Sterilization GuidelinesORNAC, CSGNA and CHICA Guidelines and StandardsLegislation/Regulatory RequirementsOther CSA Standards, including:Z314.2 Effective Sterilization in Health Care Facilities by the Ethylene Oxide ProcessZ Selection, Use, Maintenance, and Laundering of Reusable Textile Wrappers, Surgical Gowns, and Drapes for Health Care FacilitiesZ Selection and Use of Rigid Sterilization ContainersZ Warehousing, Storage, and Transportation of Clean and Sterile Medical DevicesZ Management of Loaned, Shared and Leased Medical Devices
21 Body of Knowledge 1. Quality Systems – 4% 1.01 Describe the elements of a quality system that applies to daily practiceCSA Z2314.3, the Steam Sterilization Standard document is the best reference to use when studying. Review Section 4.5: documentation, policies, Standard Operating Procedures. Review staff qualifications, responsibilities, audits and so on.
22 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 2. Infection Prevention and Control – 17%2.01 Describe basic microbiology concepts related to reprocessing of medical devices.2.02 Describe how and when to use Routine Practices.2.03 Describe how and when to practice hand hygiene.2.04 Describe how to select and use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE).2.05 Describe safe management of sharps.2.06 Recognize instances of exposure to body fluids and describe how to take appropriate action following exposure.2.07 Describe how to prevent contamination and cross contamination.2.08 Given a scenario, identify breaks in good infection prevention and control practice.See CSA Z314.3 section 6.6. The PIDAC document is also a good resource
23 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 3. Occupational Health and Safety – 2%3.01 Describe relevant occupational health and safety practices.CSA Z314.3 Section 6.1 on Personal, General contains great information.
24 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 4. Decontamination Processes – 16%4.01 Describe how to select and use appropriate agents for decontamination.4.02 Describe the different types and functions of decontamination equipment.4.03 Describe how to collect, transport, and receive soiled medical devices.4.04 Describe the steps for decontamination of soiled medical devices.4.05 Describe how to use decontamination equipment.4.06 Describe how to manually clean medical devices.4.07 Given a scenario, identify incorrect practices in decontamination.The table outlines the knowledge and skills required for each of the objectives. For example, you should review section 10 of CSA Z314.8, the Decontamination Standard that describes the steps for decontamination of soiled medical devices.
25 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 5. High Level Disinfection – 10%5.01 Identify devices that require high level disinfection.5.02 Describe how to select and use appropriate chemicals for high level disinfection.5.03 Describe how to manually high level disinfect semi-critical devices.5.04 Describe how thermal high level disinfection can be achieved.5.05 Describe the different types and functions of automated high level disinfecting equipment.Again, look at the detailed objectives then review your resource documents such as CSAZ Section 10 has great information and tables to use to assist you to select and use appropriate chemicals for high level disinfection. Look in the PIDAC or you may want to review the decontamination section from your technician course
26 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 6. Assembly – 22%6.01 Describe how to sort, inspect, and test medical devices.6.02 Distinguish between single-use, multi-use, and reposable medical devices.6.03 Describe how to assemble a set/tray.6.04 Describe how to identify, select, and place chemical indicators.6.05 Describe how to safely operate assembly area equipment.6.06 Given a scenario, describe how to prioritize assembly workload.6.07 Describe how to properly package medical devices for sterilization or other uses.6.08 Given a scenario, describe appropriate assembly practices.Review Z314.3 Effective sterilization in healthcare facilities by the steam process. Sections 8 & 9 review Inspection of a device, lubrication if required and preparations to ensure sterilant contact with all surfaces. Take time to review Packaging, in section 10.
27 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 7. Sterilization of Medical Devices – 18%7.01 Explain the importance of medical device compatibility and validation.7.02 Describe the different types of steam sterilizers and critical parameters needed forsterilization.7.03 Identify the main components and describe the function of a steam sterilizer.7.04 Explain how to manage load and operate steam sterilizers.7.05 Describe the elements of a steam sterilization quality assurance program.7.06 Describe the different types of low temperature sterilizers and critical parameters neededfor each method.7.07 Explain how to select, manage load, and operate low temperature sterilizers.7.08 Not Used7.09 Given a scenario, identify appropriate responses to an adverse sterilization event.Recommended that you review the objectives carefully and find references for all the topics prior to the exam
28 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 8. Storage, Transportation and Distribution – 6%8.01 Describe elements of storage and inventory management of medical devices.8.02 Describe elements of transportation and distribution of medical devices.8.03 Given a scenario, identify best practices in storage and transportation of medical devices.See CSA Z Warehousing, Storage and Transportation of Clean and Sterile Medical Devices and other relevant study documents
29 Body of Knowledge – Exam Blueprint 9. Flexible Endoscopes – 5%9.01 Describe how to reprocess flexible endoscopes and accessories.9.02 Given a scenario, identify best practice for reprocessing flexible endoscopes.Review Z314.8, Section 13, Flexible Endoscopes and Endocavity probes. This is a great section and is very informative. Endoscopes and endocavity probes are complex, fragile, highly specialized devices and therefore require particular care in their cleaning and handling. Some clauses apply to devices that have specific requirements; however, all users, including stand-alone clinics, should be aware of, and compliant with, the applicable requirements set out in the standard.
30 Sample Test QuestionHere are a few samples questions to give you an idea of what the exam is like:What is the single most important procedure for preventing the spread of infection?Wearing glovesWashing HandsImmunizationWearing a mask
31 Sample Test QuestionWhich device presents the greatest risk of percutaneous exposure to contaminated sharps?Trocar with sheathToothed tissue forcepScalpel handle with bladeInsufflation needle
32 Sample Test QuestionA soiled case cart is received from the operating room. An instrument set is in the cart with a note indicating that the set has not been used.What is the appropriate handling of this set?Package for sterilizationReprocess if visibly soiledReturn to the sterile storage areaReprocess as usual
33 Application and Performance Checklist The performance skills checklist must be completed and accompany your application.The checklist is to be completed by a competent Supervisor, Program Manager, or Educational Director.Items in Bold-faced type denote core competencies and must be checked off as satisfactory before the candidate is eligible to write the exam.
34 Application ProcessEach new application is valid for six (6) months from the time it is received.Program FeesInitial application fee (non-refundable) $68.00Examination and Certification fee $195.00Re-examination fee $95.00Re-certification fee by exam or Continuous Learning $263.00The applicant must fulfill all requirements of the certification process within the six-month time period.
35 TestingComputer based testing facilities located across Canada through our test vendor, KryterionTo find a test centre near you, go to99 question, closed-book, multiple choice test3 hour time limitPreliminary results available immediately following exam
36 Recertification Recertification is required every 5 years OPTIONS: Or Experience: Requires candidate to have a minimum of 4000 hours in a reprocessing area during the five year term, ANDTraining: Evidence of continuous learning (minimum 100 hours over the 5-year term)OrExam: Successfully challenging the certification exam
37 For More InformationFor more information on the CMDRT and how to become a Certified Medical Device Reprocessing Technician, please call or visit our website at