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LNG, SHALE GAS AND FRACKING: CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF SHALE GAS AND BC’S LNG SECTOR BC First Nations LNG Summit Hosted by Treaty 8 Tribal Association ~ Pomeroy.

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Presentation on theme: "LNG, SHALE GAS AND FRACKING: CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF SHALE GAS AND BC’S LNG SECTOR BC First Nations LNG Summit Hosted by Treaty 8 Tribal Association ~ Pomeroy."— Presentation transcript:

1 LNG, SHALE GAS AND FRACKING: CUMULATIVE EFFECTS OF SHALE GAS AND BC’S LNG SECTOR BC First Nations LNG Summit Hosted by Treaty 8 Tribal Association ~ Pomeroy Hotel, Fort. St. John February 19, 2014

2 Who we are ~ We are a Dene & Cree community in NE BC ~ 800 members ~ Our vision: A nation, a people—strong, healthy and self-reliant ~ Our families wish to continue to provide for ourselves in our own land long into the future 2

3 FNFN is a Treaty Nation ~ Treaty 8 confirms our right to govern our traditional territory, ‘nation-to-nation’ ~ Governance = the right and responsibility to protect and manage our territory for our future generations ~ A central role in economic development and resource management is a treaty imperative 3  

4 Shale Gas Plays in FNFN Territory 4

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7 7 Horn River BasinLiard BasinCordova Embayment % tenured by %18.4%44.6% Linear disturbance (density on tenure) 59,915 km (6.84 km/km2) 7137 km (1.07 km/km2) 11,531 km (5.93 km/km2) Areal disturbance on tenure, 2012 (with 250m buffer on lines) 71% of tenured lands 33% of tenured lands73% of tenured lands Gas wells drilled Well pads constructed Production rates Dec million cubic feet/day Minimal200 million cubic feet/day Summary of Gas-Related Activity *All data from OGC sources

8 Cumulative Effects of Shale Gas Significant impacts affecting: ~ Land ~ Water ~ Air 8

9 Impacts to Land: Linear Disturbance ~ Pipelines, seismic & roads ~ Habitat fragmentation ~ Predator – Prey balance disrupted ~ Damage to streams during crossing ~ Interference with FNFN access to traditional lands ~ Taking up of land 9

10 ~ Increased speed and traffic pollution, dust, garbage and noise ~ Wildlife mortality including beaver “relocation” ~ Sand and gravel quarries ~ Increased access to FNFN hunting areas ~ Our people feel unwelcome and unsafe in our own land Impacts on the Land: Roads

11 Impacts on the Land: Well Pads ~ Sites will checkerboard landscape every 2 to 6 km ~ Industry term: “carpet bomb” ~ Enlarged 200m x 200m sites to accommodate frack crews ~ Dust, noise, weeds, erosion, run-off, spills ~ Loss of land for traditional use ~ Contamination of surrounding ecosystem 11

12 Impacts on the Land: Deforestation ~ Oil and Gas companies are exempt from using merchantable timber because the mill is too far away ~ Solution is to burn all trees

13 Impacts on the Land: Frack Sand Mining ~ Frack (silica) sand exploration coincides with good Caribou habitat ~ Frack sand mining will require processing plants ~ silica sand has been implicated in causing silicosis, a lung disease ~ it can take up to 10,000 tons of silica sand to frack one well

14 Impacts on Water: Contamination 14 ~ Fluids used in fracking are known carcinogens ~ Our people are afraid to drink from the land ~FNFN members worry for the health of the animals and plants ~Tu ni ttheh—We need the Water

15 Impacts on Water: The Water Cycle 15 ~ Huge water withdrawal and loss ~ Our people fear that the muskeg will be “dried up” because the water is taken forever ~ Our people fear that there will be no beaver, moose, fish or other foods & medicines that we need

16 Impacts on Air ~ Members report changes in air quality ~ Avoidance of food and medicine plants and snow ~ Health concerns (e.g. sour gas leaks) ~ Climate impacts of CO2 extraction and venting 16

17 Gas Processing = GHG Emissions Enbridge’s Cabin Gas Plant –1 of 5–will release 200 million tonnes of CO2 into the atmosphere every year. BC just permitted the Fortune Creek Gas Plants, which will raise BC’s GHG emissions another 3.5% through direct venting of CO2 to the environment

18 BC’s LNG Strategy 18 Shipping to Asia Upstream gas basins Midstream pipelines LNG facilities

19 BC’s LNG Strategy: The Promise ~ BC LNG strategy is “moving ahead without delay” ~ $1 trillion to be generated between ~ “new money” that serves as a legacy for all British Columbians ~ BC is “continuing close work with industry and First Nations to build world’s cleanest LNG industry” 19 Photo Source: BC Energy and Mines, Liquefied Natural Gas: A Strategy for B.C.’s Newest Industry

20 BC’s LNG Strategy: The Peril ~ Race is on to develop LNG export facilities on the BC coast ~ No final investment decisions made ~ BC is pitching economic benefits while ignoring environmental costs ~ Upstream impacts and First Nations have been ignored by Crown, regulators and industry in LNG debate 20

21 Cumulative Effects of BC’s LNG Strategy 21 A projection of BC’s LNG Strategy shows that the number of shale gas wells drilled and fracke in FNFN territory will increase by 600% over the next 20 years.

22 Given current LNG proposals, we expect LNG to induce: 3,000 new wells in FNFN territory 300 new large industrial facilities 50,000 km of seismic lines 4,500 km of new roads 1000’s of new water permits for fracking 22 Cumulative Effects of BC’s LNG Strategy

23 Land ~ tens of thousands of kilometers of roads, seismic lines & pipelines ~ thousands of well pads, frack sand mines, camps, plants & borrow pits Water ~ trillions of litres of water removed from muskeg, rivers and lakes ~ waste water blowouts, leaks and spills Air ~ Increasing pollution and emissions 23 Cumulative Effects of BC’s LNG Strategy

24 BC Cumulative Effects Framework Outdated LRMP sets values & objectives First Nations not involved in values identification No mandate for LUPs, thresholds, “red colour” areas or monitoring NE Pilot irrelevant to FNFN 24

25 FNFN Approach to Cumulative Effects Assessment ~ Uphold our treaty ~ Establishment of territorial monitoring systems ~ Collection of ‘baseline data’ ~ Shared decision making on the ground and at strategic level ~ Basis for our decision-making is FNFN values and objectives 25

26 Mussi cho (big thank you) Sah lo Dene (for all our relations)

27 27 Please join us in the Fort Nelson First Nation Territory April 14-16, 2014


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