Presentation on theme: "Science – High School 2nd grade 1st Term"— Presentation transcript:
1Science – High School 2nd grade 1st Term The Scientific MethodFiorella Ramirez
2First things first… Scientific knowledge Scientific research Is acquired through researchScientific researchFollows the Scientific MethodScientific knowledge acquired through scientific research is considered truthful…… why? Do you agree?
3First things first…The Knowledge aquiered by Scientific Research is considered truthful ……because the process that led to it`s discovery can be replicated.
4The scientific method Testable question Writing a hypothesis Gathering materialsWriting a procedureConducting the experimentRecording data, resultsDrawing conclusionsSharing results
6The testable questionBefore you start an experiment you must have a reason to do it.You need to have a question that can be answered through an investigationIt is stated as a problem.
7Examples of testable questions Does the amount of sunlight a plant gets affect how it grows?Which disinfectant works the best on household germs?Does caffeine affect reaction time in middle school students?
8These are not testable questions Does water smell good?Is the cafeteria food good?Will the school be open tomorrow?You cannot answer these questions with an experiment.Opinion questions are not testable.
10Writing a HypothesisA hypothesis is an “educated guess” about the out come of your experiment.In order to make this guess, you must rely on your background knowledge and the research which you conducted before you began planning the experiment.
11Hypothesis and research Why do a research beforethe actual experiment?Because this research will give youthe information you need to makea hypothesis that is scientific andaccurate.
12A well written hypothesis A well written hypothesis consists of an “if” statement and a “then” statement.The “if” statement contains information on what your are testing, and ……the “then” statement reflects your beliefs of the outcome of the experiment.
13Confused?... here some example. “If we decrease the amount of sunlight, then plant will grow slower”“If we compare the disinfectant power of Sapolio and Pinesol, then the Sapolio’s will be higher”“If caffeine is increased in a student's body, then their reaction time will be quicker”
14Gathering materials and writing a procedure The experiment
15Gathering materialsIn order to do an experiment, you must make a list of the tools and equipment you will use.This list is written above your procedure.It allows other people to do your experiment without having to ask you what they need.
16Writing a procedureA procedure is a list of steps that a scientist takes to complete the experiment.This is a very detailed list that isnumbered in 1,2, order.It is not a paragraph!You know you have written a good procedure when someone can read it and do the experiment exactly like you did.
17Conducting the experiment It is now time to start testing your hypothesis!This is the step that we all want to jump right into. However, it is very important that we complete the previous steps first.Safety is always an issue here. Be sure to follow all lab safety procedures while conducting the investigation
18The experiment Simply follow the steps in your procedure!! If you have written a detailed procedure, your investigation should go smoothly.Simply follow the steps in your procedure!!Be sure to clean up your materials when you have finished!
20Recording DataAll measurements in an investigation need to be recorded:Data tableChartNotebookAny instrument you use must have a title and appropriate labels.Table 1.- Hours of sunlight and plant growth in 7 daysPlantHours/dayGrowth (cm)1632475
21Graphing Your Data Table A graph lets you see trends in the data and it also helps you look at the data in a way that is easy to understand.Remember your labels!!
23Drawing conclusionsThe final piece of the scientific method is drawing conclusions.In this step we analyze our data and graphs and decide if our hypothesis was correct or incorrect!We always restate our hypothesis in our conclusion.We discuss any trends we see and we attempt to explain why our hypothesis was correct or incorrect.This is always in paragraph form!
24For example… Conclusion In conclusion, I can say that my hypothesis (state your hypothesis) was correct. The sunlight has a direct effect on plant growth, if it is exposed to little sunlight or too much sunlight the plant will not grow. My graph shows a decrease in growth in both cases so I have proved that this is true.
25Sharing conclusionsTo make our experiment complete we must share our findings with other people.This can be through discussion or a lab report printed for a magazine.Scientists love to read about other’s experiments!
26This is it… wasn’t that hard right? Questions?....