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Curtis AP English 11 Luke Spencer 30 September 2011.

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1 Curtis AP English 11 Luke Spencer 30 September 2011

2 DEFENITION- An antecedent is another name for the noun that comes before the pronoun in the sentence. Example: I get worried when the neighbors let their dog out. In this example, the antecedent is neighbors, and the noun in their. Example: The dog goes wild, and he always messes up my front yard. In this example, the antecedent is dog and the noun is he. Example: I get worried when my employees let their hair down. In this example, the antecedent is employees, and the noun is their. ANTECEDENT


4 DEFINITION- An antithesis is when ideas or clauses contradict each other to convey a stronger idea. Antithesis occurs when you place to contrasting or opposite ideas near each other. The contradiction acts as a grammatical “punch line” Example: “One small step for a man, one giant leap for all mankind.” Neil Armstrong Example: “If a free society cannot help the many who are poor, it cannot save the few who are rich.” -JFK Example: “I pass with relief from the tossing sea of cause and theory to the firm ground of result and fact.” -Churchill ANTITHESIS


6 DEFINITION- An aphorism is a short statement or opinion of a broad truth or idea "All men should strive to learn before they die, what they are running from, and to, and why.“ (James Thurber) ”Your children need your presence more than your presents.” “The first rule of Fight Club is…you do not talk about Fight Club.” (Brad Pitt as Tyler Durden, Fight Club) APHORISM


8 DEFINITION- An apostrophe is when someone (or something) absent or dead is addressed as if it were alive and present. CAN BE USED FOR OBJECTS also. Usually used in poems EX. “Busy old fool, unruly sun, Why dost thou thus, Through windows, and through curtains call on us?” -John Donne EX. Twinkle, twinkle little star, how I wonder what you are? EX. “Blue Moon, you saw me standing alone Without a dream in my heart Without a love of my own.” -Lorenz Hart APOSTROPHE


10 DEFINITION- Atmosphere is the mood that the author establishes through description of a setting, or by the objects he chooses to describe. Example: It was a dark rainy day and there wasn’t a star in the sky. More Complex Example: "Elsewhere, night falls, but in Moonlight Bay, it steals upon us with barely a whisper, like a gentle dark-sapphire surf licking a beach.“ Dean Koontz “The woman raised her hands and stared at them; stared through them. Her voice was soft but tense. ‘Blood on his hands.’ Her own hands were clean and pale.” -Dean Koontz AMOSPHERE


12 "Antithesis." Examples Help. Web. 29 Sept. 2011.. "Aphorism - Definition and Examples of Aphorisms in English." Grammar and Composition - Homepage of About Grammar and Composition. Web. 30 Sept. 2011.. "Aphorism - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary." Dictionary and Thesaurus - Merriam-Webster Online. Web. 30 Sept. 2011.. "Apostrophe." Examples Help. Web. 30 Sept. 2011.. "Does Anyone Know a Good Example of Atmosphere (feeling or Mood) in Literature? - Yahoo! Answers." Yahoo! Answers - Home. Web. 30 Sept. 2011.. Lalwani, Puja. "Antecedent Examples." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web. Web. 29 Sept. 2011.. WORKS CITED

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