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1 Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900 American Pageant Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age 1866-1900 American Pageant Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Chapter Twenty-four Industry Comes of Age American Pageant Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey Carnegie Steel Mill, Youngstown, Ohio, 1910

2 2 Growth of Railroads 1860 – 35,000 Miles of Track 1900 – 192,000 Miles of Track Central Pacific-Union Pacific Railway, 1869

3 3 Growth of Railroads Union Pacific – Central Pacific Union Pacific – Irish Workers Central Pacific – Chinese Workers

4 4 Growth of Railroads Union Pacific – Central Pacific Leland Stanford Colis Huntington Promontory, Utah

5 5 Growth of Railroads Northern Pacific – 1883 Atchinson, Topeka, & Santa Fe – 1884 Southern Pacific – 1884 Great Northern

6 6 Growth of Railroads Consolidation Cornelius Vanderbilt New York Central RR Baltimore & Ohio RR Pennsylvania Railroad Erie Railroad All Rails Connected to Chicago

7 7 Growth of Railroads Technology Advancements Cornelius Vanderbilt Standard Gauge Steel Rails Double Track Westinghouse Air Brake Pullman Palace Car

8 8 Growth of Railroads Corruption in Railroads Stock Watering Milking the Farmer Bribing Government Officials Pools Rebates

9 9 Farmers Organize Against the Railroads a Oliver H. Kelley National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry Depression of 1873 Cooperative Stores Grain Elevators Crop Warehouses

10 10 Farmers Organize Against the Railroads a Farmers Alliance Charles Macune Northern Alliance Southern Alliance Colored Alliance People’s Party - Populists

11 11 Railroad Regulation Begins a Granger Laws Wabash Case (1886) Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 Interstate Commerce Commission

12 12 The “Robber Barons” “ Captains of Industry” Andrew Carnegie Bessemer Process William Kelley Henry Bessemer Carnegie Steel Co. “Gospel of Wealth” $324 Million to Charity Carnegie

13 13 The “Robber Barons” “ Captains of Industry” J. Pierpont Morgan Railroad Reorganization Investment Banker U.S. Steel Corp 1901 Morgan

14 14 Rockefeller The “Robber Barons” “ Captains of Industry” John D. Rockefeller 1859 – Edwin L. Drake Kerosene Lamp Fuel 1863 – Standard Oil Consolidation/Trusts

15 15 The “Robber Barons” “ Captains of Industry” John D. Rockefeller Standard Oil Trust Holding Company 1889 Rockefeller

16 16 The “Robber Barons” “ Captains of Industry” “Gospel of Wealth” Andrew Carnegie Charles Darwin Herbert Spencer “Law of the Jungle” Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Spencer Darwin

17 17 Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon

18 18 Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon Teddy’s Way of Handing Trusts

19 19 Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon The Trust Giant’s Point of View “ What a Funny Little Government!”

20 20 Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890 Political Cartoon One Sees His Finish Unless Good Government Retakes the Ship

21 21 Rise of the Labor Movement Child LaborManual LaborFemale Labor

22 22 Rise of the Labor Movement Pre-Industrial Conditions Contract Labor Law Corporations Fight Unions Scabs – Court Injunctions Lockouts – Black Lists Yellow Dog Contracts Company Towns

23 23 Rise of the Labor Movement National Labor Union – 1866 Panic of 1873 Knights of Labor – 1869 (Noble & Holy Order of Knights of Labor) Terence V, Powderly Haymarket Riots

24 24 Rise of the Labor Movement American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers – 1880s Panic of 1893 Powderly Gompers

25 25 Sources: Factory 3 - t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wrighthttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi- t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Promontory Utah Chinese worker - Chinese Workers 1 - Chinese Railroad Workers 2 - Cornelius Vanderbilt 1 - Locomotive 6 - bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12652r.jpg&topLinks=12652v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=Burlingto n%20engine%20number%20120,%20the%20first%20train%20into%20Broken%20Bow,%20Nebraska,&m856s=$dnbhips$f12652 agbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,l omaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyo n,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wrighthttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi- bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12652r.jpg&topLinks=12652v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=Burlingto n%20engine%20number%20120,%20the%20first%20train%20into%20Broken%20Bow,%20Nebraska,&m856s=$dnbhips$f12652 agbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,l omaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyo n,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Locomotive 3 - bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12651r.jpg&topLinks=12651v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=First%20t rain%20into%20Sargent,%20Custer%20County,%20Nebraska.&m856s=$dnbhips$f12651&dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:106:./ nsrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwe bib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp, suffrg,awh,awhbib,wrighthttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi- bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/nbhips/lca/126&topImages=12651r.jpg&topLinks=12651v.jpg&displayProfile=0&title=First%20t rain%20into%20Sargent,%20Custer%20County,%20Nebraska.&m856s=$dnbhips$f12651&dir=ammem&itemLink=D?psbib:106:./ nsrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever,dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwe bib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,presp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp, suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Oliver H. Kelley 1 - Andrew Carnegie 1 -

26 26 Sources: Locomotive 1 - y,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever, dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,pre sp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wrighthttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi- y,hh,gottscho,bbpix,bbcards,magbell,berl,lbcoll,cdn,cic,cwnyhs,cwar,consrvbib,coolbib,coplandbib,curt,dag,fsaall,aep,fine,fmuever, dcm,cmns,cowellbib,toddbib,lomaxbib,ngp,gottlieb,alad,mcc,mymhiwebib,aipn,afcwip,fawbib,omhbib,pan,vv,wpapos,psbib,pin,pre sp,qlt,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright Oil Field 1 - Charles Darwin 1 - Herbert Spencer 1 - Monopoly pirates - Carnegie Trusts - Rockefeller Trust - Roosevelt and the Trusts - PowerHouse Mechanic - Children Stringing Beans - Textile Worker 1 - t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wrighthttp://memory.loc.gov/cgi- t,ncr,mesnbib,denn,runyon,wtc,detr,upboverbib,varstg,horyd,hawp,suffrg,awh,awhbib,wright


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