We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byTess Chancellor
Modified over 2 years ago
For best results, view slide shows in Firefox
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Like most of its neighbors, Colombia was colonized by the Spanish in the 1500s.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Spain ruled Colombia until the early 1800s, when Colombians united behind military leader Simón Bolívar to fight for independence. In 1819, they drove the Spanish out for good.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Colombians of Spanish descent (Creoles) then fought among themselves over how power should be shared between the central government in the capital, Bogotá, and Colombia’s many regional governments.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. In 1839, fighting broke out when supporters of a weak central government (federalists) accused their opponents (centralists) of seeking to turn Colombia into a dictatorship. The ensuing war, the War of the Supremes, lasted for three years.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. At the end of it, two major camps had emerged in Colombian society: Conservatives—a pro-status-quo coalition made up of the old centralists, wealthy landlords, Catholic priests, and slave owners Liberals—a pro-change group made up of the old federalists, the poor, and mixed- race and indigenous Indian families
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Over the next hundred years, supporters of the Liberal and Conservative political parties fought several more wars, including the War of the Thousand Days (1899–1902), in which 100,000 people died.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Liberals and Conservatives also fought an undeclared war, known simply as La Violencia, in which at least 200,000 people were killed. La Violencia broke out in 1948, when the murder of the popular Liberal leader Jorge Eliécer Gaitán sparked riots in Bogotá.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Gaitán had championed the rights of all of Colombia’s disadvantaged people, and his death provoked uprisings by peasants and poor Liberals throughout the country.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. By 1953, political elites, including many Liberals, feared that continued fighting would provoke a popular revolution in which they would lose their privileged positions. So the Liberal and Conservative parties ended the war and, in 1958, agreed to share power.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. For the next 16 years, control of the Colombian presidency alternated between Liberals and Conservatives, with all other parties banned. Some left-wing Colombians now looked to illegal guerrilla groups to achieve their political objectives.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. The most famous of these guerrilla groups, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), consisted mainly of peasants who had fled to uninhabited rural lands during La Violencia. They fought to force the Colombian government to redistribute land from the wealthy to the poor.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. In the 1960s, paramilitary groups emerged to protect private property against guerrilla attacks. The paramilitaries were sponsored by Colombia’s wealthiest landowners.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. A large coalition of paramilitary groups, the United Self-Defense Groups of Colombia (AUC), became an influential and highly feared force in Colombian society.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Fighting between the guerrillas and paramilitaries was always bloody, but the rise of a lucrative drug industry in the 1970s and ’80s increased the violence by allowing both groups to buy sophisticated and highly destructive weapons.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Thousands of civilians were killed, as the guerrillas and particularly the paramilitaries targeted each other’s supporters.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. For a time in the mid-1980s, Colombians felt optimistic that the civil war was nearing an end. On the invitation of Colombian president Belisario Betancur, the FARC formed a political party, the Patriotic Union (UP), to negotiate on its behalf.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. But then paramilitaries—still funded by rich landowners and increasingly by drug lords—murdered about 3,000 UP candidates, prompting the FARC to abandon its political experiment.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Throughout the 1990s, the guerrillas and paramilitaries increased their involvement in the drug trade, eliciting the suspicion that they had become more interested in making money than implementing their ideas about social justice.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Because so much Colombian cocaine was finding its way onto American streets, U.S. president Bill Clinton committed significant funds to a program intended to render Colombian land unfit for growing coca (the leaf from which cocaine is made).
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. But spraying poisonous chemicals from planes is a notoriously imprecise operation— legitimate plants (and animals) are often killed off in addition to the coca.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Before the 9/11 terrorist attacks, U.S. funds were earmarked for the fight against drugs. After September 11, U.S. president George Bush relaxed the rules, allowing his Colombian counterpart, Alvaro Uribe, to use U.S. money, equipment, and personnel against the guerrillas.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. By effectively entering Colombia’s civil war on the side of the government, the Bush administration turned President Uribe into a staunch ally in the war on terror but stirred up resentment not just among the guerrillas but also among peasants, who saw American machinery destroy their livelihoods.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. While there appears little hope for an agreement between the government and the guerrillas, a controversial amnesty bill enacted in 2005 has encouraged the members of several paramilitary units to lay down their arms.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. However, murders attributed to paramilitaries persist, and Colombia remains the most dangerous place in the world to be a union leader or a social critic.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. The FARC, meanwhile, continues to kill soldiers, police officers, and civilians in hit- and-run attacks and bombings.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. The Colombian government faces a difficult task neutralizing the guerrillas and active paramilitary units, who continue to thrive on the drug trade.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Even if the government could destroy the coca industry, it would likely fail to meet the conflicting demands of both the paramilitaries (and their wealthy patrons) and the guerrillas (and their poor supporters).
By Nas & Steph. Since Colombia gained its (1) independence from Spain in 1819, the country has been plagued by (2) economic inequality and weak governments.
Revolution in Latin America Conflict, Chaos and Cocaine in Colombia.
Colombia: Dynamics of a Drug War.
Colombia and The War on Drugs.
FARC: Revolutionary Armed Forces Of Colombia By Jenis Argueta-Amaya & Nicole Bravo.
The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
Present Day Conflicts in Colombia Ariel Holman, Stacy Skiftenes and Lisa Williams.
Colombia A primer (with some emphasis on foreign policy) Daniel Gomez Gaviria.
MILITARY AND POLICE IN COLOMBIA 3/31/2010. Military Spending in Colombia 2010 National Budget 27.3% Debt Service 19.9% Social Protection 14.2% Defense.
Chapter 21: Revolutions in Europe and Latin America
A History of Revolution in Latin America
Latin American Independence Movements Causes Enlightenment Ideas American (inspiration) and French (fear) Revolutions Napoleon’s invasion of.
Present-day Conflicts in Colombia By Matt Stikker and Nicolia Eldred-Skemp.
1© 2005 Sherri Heathcock 8-2 A New Nation Early Challenges.
The Latin American Independence Movement
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. Darfur is a desert region located in the far west of Sudan, the biggest country.
© 2007 ProQuest-CSA LLC. All rights reserved. © 2007 Getty Images, Inc. In the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries, Great Britain fought three wars with.
THE COLOMBIAN CONFLICT Osvaldo Jordan March 28, 2008.
Colombia. Timeline 1830 Consolidation of current territory s partisan civil wars, coalitions and constitutions 1886 Conservative, centralist.
COLOMBIAN GOVERNMENT MILITARY FORCES LIBERAL PARTY CONSERVATIVE PARTY USA support USA support DRUG CARTELS SEVERAL INTERNAL GROUPS PARAMILITARY GROUPS.
Plan Colombia Ashleigh Uhler, Matt Herten, Dan Deminski and Jordan (Felix) Pangelinan.
S E S S I O N. 1. NO ONE LEFT OUT 2. GOOD ATMOSPHERE 3. NO ONE TELLS YOU WHAT YOU SHOULD THINK! 3. NO ONE (not even the teacher) HAS ALL THE ANSWERS!
Social Unrest: Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulatottoes Political Discontent: Educated creoles bring the ideas of the Enlightenment to Latin.
Events within the French Revolution helped lead to the largest slave revolt in human history.
Nation Building and Economic Transformation in America
15.4 Notes: Upheavals in China
19 th Century Latin America “Between Revolutions” Chapter 26 Section 4 GRAB A BOOK and join me on Pgs EQ: How did Latin America develop politically.
REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA Russia and World War I The Years Before the War Czar Nicholas II promised reform after the revolution of 1905 but little.
Warm-up: What is foreign policy? a policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations, designed to achieve national objectives.
Knowledge Connections Definition Picture Term Vocabulary AyatollahWMDs.
Warm-up: Define foreign policy and globalization : a policy pursued by a nation in its dealings with other nations process by which national economies,
■ Essential Question: – What were the main causes & effects of Latin American revolutions ?
Revolutions: Latin American Independence Standard
FARC Guerilla Group and Terrorist Organization. What is FARC? FARC is the Spanish acronym for the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.
Issues in Latin America Cold War Period. TODAY’s OBJECTIVES: Explain the political context in Latin America after WWII Explain how the Cold War affected.
E. Napp The colonists in the Spanish Empire had many reasons to resent Spanish rule.
FARC ( REVOLUTIONARY ARMED FORCES OF COLOMBIA FUERZAS ARMADAS REVOLUCIONARIAS DE COLOMBIA Keegan olario Elisa Ruano AP HUMAN GEO. – PD. 1.
2013 REVOLUTION & INDEPENDENCE IN LATIN AMERICA. CENTURIES OF EUROPEAN COLONIZATIO N.
Topic 1: causes, practices and effects of war Unit Types and nature of 20 th Century Warfare.
WHY STUDY COLOMBIA? Surprisingly, it is longest running democracy in the region. It had the longest lasting (leftist) guerilla movements in the region.
Latin American Independence
Revolution and Civil War in Russia Ch 11 sec 5 I. The March Revolution Ends Tsarism Nicholas 2 was Tsar of Russia at the beginning of World War 1. He.
Chapter 12 Section 3. Politically independent Majority of population poor besides the landowners Majority are illiterate Cycle of poverty Unequal.
World History/Cultures Chapter 11 The French Revolution Section 1 The Old Order.
Essential Question: What were the main causes & effects of Latin American revolutions ?
Revolution and Intervention. Trends in Latin America Roots of problems in Latin America come from colonialism After WWII, Turning to industrialization.
World Studies February 17
E. Napp Latin American Independence In this lesson, students will be able to explain the accomplishments of the following individuals: Toussaint L’Ouverture.
From 1500 to 1800, Latin America was colonized by Europe, especially Spain European nations used mercantilism to gain wealth from their American colonies.
© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.