Presentation on theme: "A History of Revolution in Latin America"— Presentation transcript:
1 A History of Revolution in Latin America Why did the Latin American colonies want independence from Europe?How were the revolts similar and different in their causes and results?
2 What were the Latin American revolutions? The Latin American independence movement was a series of revolts against European colonialism in Central & South AmericaDirected at Spain & Portugal1790’s – 1840’sMany of these revolts where the result of Enlightenment ideasInspired by the American Revolution (1775 – 1783)
3 Why did many Latin Americans want independence from Europe? Resentment of the colonial class systemEspecially among the CreolesInfluenced by Enlightenment ideas & writingsIssues of race (slave classes)Resentment towards European colonial governmentsUnequal distribution of wealthRestrictions on speechPolitical exile / imprisonment
7 What helped to trigger armed revolution in Latin America? Events in Europe helped to spark revolts in Latin AmericaFrench RevolutionNapoleonic WarsMonroe Doctrine (1823):No more European colonization in the New WorldAn attempt to colonize = a threat to the USUS will stay out of European affairs
8 Who where some of the major leaders of the Latin American revolutions? Three (3) major revolutionaries:Toussaint L’OuvertureFormer African slaveHelped fight French in HaitiSimon BolivarWealthy Venezuelan creoleCalled “Libertador”“The George Washington of Latin America”Padre Jose MorelosPoor Mexican priestHelped inspire Mexican fighters
21 How successful where the Latin American revolutions? Many Latin American leaders had hoped for unity among the different coloniesSimilar to the United StatesHowever, the idea soon failedIncrease in povertyDivide between rich and poor gets bigger