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Chapter Two The English Renaissance 2015-5-11. The English Renaissance Chaucer's death starts the transition period in England full of significant changes.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Two The English Renaissance 2015-5-11. The English Renaissance Chaucer's death starts the transition period in England full of significant changes."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Two The English Renaissance

2 The English Renaissance Chaucer's death starts the transition period in England full of significant changes. The King of England, after the Wars of Roses, assumed greater power than before

3 Henry VII (1485 ~ 1509) He founded the Tudor dynasty which was a centralized monarchy and met the needs of the rising bourgeoisie and so won its support

4 Henry VIII (1509 ~ 1547) Declaring the separation from the Roman Catholic Church, implementing a large-scale suppression of the monasteries and confiscating the property of the Church to enrich the new bourgeois, he started the movement called the Reformation, the essence of which is the fight of the bourgeois for power

5 Queen Mary (1553 ~ 1558) She carried out the Counter- Reformation by put an end to the Reformation and caused the bloody religious persecution

6 Elizabeth I (1558 ~ 1603) The reign of Elizabeth I was a period of political and religious stability on the one hand and economic prosperity on the other. The Church of England was re-established, ending the long time religious strife; commerce and industry forged ahead as a result of the enclosure movement at home and the opening of new sea routes in the world. In the meantime, the rise of the bourgeoisie also showed its influence in the sphere of cultural life

7 The English Renaissance The word “ Renaissance ” means revival, specifically between the 14th and mid 17th century, revival of interest in ancient Greek and Roman culture

8 The English Renaissance Renaissance, therefore, in essence, was a historical period in which the European humanist thinkers and scholars made attempts to get rid of conservatism in feudalist Europe and introduce new ideas that expressed the interests of the rising bourgeoisie, to lift the restrictions in all areas placed by the Roman church authorities

9 The English Renaissance Roman Catholic Church

10 The English Renaissance During the period of Renaissance, old sciences revived and new sciences emerged, national languages and national cultures free from the absolute control of the Papal authority in Rome took shape and art and literature flourished as never before. With a thirsting curiosity and great love for classical literature, the authority of the Roman Catholic Church was shaken and people came to a new awareness

11 The English Renaissance

12 The English Renaissance Renaissance started in Florence and Venice and went to embrace the rest of Europe

13 The English Renaissance Renaissance came later in England than other European countries. When it did come, it was to produce some towering figures in world literary heritage. Florence of Italy Venice in Italy London in Britain

14 The English Renaissance Humanism is both the keynote of the Renaissance and the intellectual liberation movement, associated with new attitudes to ancient Greek and Latin literature. The humanists began by criticizing and evaluating the Latin and Greek authors in the light of what they believed to be Roman and Greek standards of civilization. They took interest in human life and human activities and gave expression to the new feeling of admiration for human beauty, human achievement

15 The English Renaissance Ancient Greek writers Plato Homer Aeschylus The English Renaissance was an exciting time for literature which experienced a burst of ideas and literary brilliance

16 The English Renaissance Human beauty

17 The English Renaissance Thomas More (1477 ~ 1535) was the leading humanist of his day. Scholar thinker statesman

18 The English Renaissance Among his writings the best known is Utopia (1516) which tells of a journey to an imaginary island named Utopia, where an ideal form of society exists

19 Utopia Its title comes from the Greek word meaning “ nowhere ” and was adopted by More as the name of his ideal commonwealth

20 The English Renaissance Edmund Spenser (c ~ 1599) was the most influential poet and the dominating literary intellect in the late 16th century in England

21 The Shepherd's Calendar (1597) A poem in the traditional pastoral form and his first important work, established his poetic reputation. The union of line and meter in the poem is more harmonious, more supple, and richer than that in the works of Chaucer. His sonnet Amoretti is one of the most famous sonnet sequences of the Elizabethan Age

22 The Shepherd's Calendar

23 The Faerie Queene In Spenser's masterpiece The Faerie Queene he devised a verse form called the Spenserian Stanza, which consists of eight ten -syllable lines, plus a ninth line of 12 syllables, an iambic rhythm and a rhyme scheme as follows: abab bcbc c

24 The Faerie Queene

25 The English Renaissance Francis Bacon (1561 ~ 1626) He showed his great intellectual energy in his day. politician philosopher essayist

26 The English Renaissance While being the founder of English materialist philosophy and the founder of modern science in England, he is also the first great English essayist

27 Francis Bacon In 1597 Francis Bacon published his first collection of essays, which made popular in English a literary form widely practiced afterward. It is the most informal and casual of his works, the Essays, that is read most often

28 His major works The Advancement of Learning and New Instrument

29 The English Renaissance Based on the miracle play, the morality play, the interlude and the classical drama, drama flourished in this age more than any other form of literature

30 miracle play

31 morality play

32 Christopher Marlowe (1564 ~ 1595) The English Renaissance

33 Christopher Marlowe He was the greatest of the pioneers of English drama. His importance is due to the energy with which he endowed the blank verse line (unrhymed iambic pentameter), which in his hands developed an unprecedented suppleness and power. His plays have great intensity, but sometimes they show a genius which is epic rather than dramatic

34 Christopher Marlowe His acknowledged masterpieces are: Tamburlaine

35 Christopher Marlowe Doctor Faustus Edward II is his best constructed piece of theatre

36 Christopher Marlowe The final scene of Doctor Faustus is one of the most intensely dramatic in English literature. It shows his musical handling and control of the ten-syllable line

37 The English Renaissance Marlowe's works paved the route for the greatest dramatist—William Shakespeare—whose accomplishments were the monument of the English Renaissance and whose works gave the fullest expression to humanist ideals


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