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1485-1625 The English Renaissance. The Renaissance Carefully read the timeline on pp.222-23 What two important religious works were published during this.

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Presentation on theme: "1485-1625 The English Renaissance. The Renaissance Carefully read the timeline on pp.222-23 What two important religious works were published during this."— Presentation transcript:

1 The English Renaissance

2 The Renaissance Carefully read the timeline on pp What two important religious works were published during this period?  What connections might there be between those publications and the creation of the Church of England in 1534? Name two events that indicate British presence in the New World.  What do these events suggest about the importance of overseas trade to Britain?

3 The Renaissance A “rebirth” of civilization – reviving the learning of ancient Greece and Rome Humanism  Individual vs. Communal A response to the “dark ages” of medieval Europe Began in Italy in the 1300s as the wealthy began to support learning and the arts  Petrarch, Pico della Mirandola, Leonardo da Vinci, di Medici Italian Renaissance slowly spread north to England  By 1530, 60% of English people could read (vs. 30% in 15 th c.)

4 Exploration Thirst for knowledge leads to sea exploration Advances in navigation and astronomy  compass Columbus – 1492 voyage  Trade route to East  Discovery of Americas English companies and explorers became colonizers and merchant adventurers

5 Religion Growing sense of nationalism and humanism  People begin to question the authority of the Roman Catholic Church Europeans tired of corruption in the Church  Connection to Canterbury Tales? Martin Luther protested against Catholic Church and began the Protestant Reformation  95 Theses Humanist values and beliefs led to a favoring of personal, not institutional, interpretations of scripture – sought an “enlightened private conscience” Reformation in England: Henry VIII’s motives were dynastic, not religious

6 English Monarchy Tudor dynasty founded in 1485 by Henry VII Monarchs had absolute power Transformed England into a major world power London becomes metropolitan market Henry VIII breaks with Roman Catholic Church so that he can divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn Mary I (Bloody Mary) – a Catholic  executed many Protestants

7 Elizabeth I Daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn Received a Renaissance education and was a great patron of the arts Gathered around her the greatest writers of the day Il Cortegiano – Castiglione sprezzatura (“easy grace”) Reestablished Church of England Considered the greatest English monarch since William the Conquerer

8 Elizabethan Literature Explosion of cultural energy  Art, music, theater Literature expresses the spirit of the Renaissance Considered one of the high points in the history of English literature

9 Poetry Development of lyric poetry over the narrative poetry of the medieval age  How might this reflect the larger attention to humanism that began during the Renaissance? Perfection of the sonnet (adapted from the Italian model) Sonnet: a 14-line poem usually written in iambic pentameter, rhyme scheme varies  Petrarchan: abbaabba cdecde (or cdcdcd)  Octave and sestet: Octave poses question, sestet answers Major sonnet writers: Sidney Spenser Shakespeare  Changed the pattern and rhyme scheme of Pertrarchan sonnet  English (or Shakespearean) sonnet: abab cdcd efef gg

10 Pastoral Poetry Idealizes the simple, rustic life of the countryside Glorifies nature Christopher Marlowe: “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” Sir Walter Raleigh writes “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” in response


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