3Which era of U.S. history witnessed high unemployment, bank failures, and widespread homelessness? A The Roaring TwentiesB The Great DepressionC World War IID The Sixties
4Which of the following was a goal of the Populist Party, identified in its 1892 platform? A Unlimited coinage of silverB Unrestricted immigration into the United StatesC An end to racial segregation in Southern statesD Lower taxes on individuals
5One of the demands made in the Populist Party platform of 1892 was for — A higher tariffsB a graduated income taxC unrestricted immigrationD selection of U.S. Senators by state legislatures
6Which useful function was served by political machines in the late 1800s? A They prevented corruption in local government.B They helped provide a supply of cheap and skilled labor for industry.C They served as role models for future city governments by acting as city managers.D They assisted in the social and political assimilation of immigrants into the community.
7One important consequence of the passage of these acts during the Civil War was — A the decline of the Southern plantation economyB increased trade between Latin America and the United StatesC a delay in construction of the transcontinental railroadD the postwar economic growth of the Northeast and West
8Which of the following best explains how railroads promoted U. S Which of the following best explains how railroads promoted U.S. economic development in the late 1800s?A They used up natural resources, altered the landscape, and caused damage to the environment.B They competed with manufacturers for the use of a limited pool of skilled workers.C They connected producers with markets and encouraged greater production of iron, steel and coal.D They created noise and pollution, encouraging people to move from cities to suburbs.
9Which of the following identifies an advantage of big business in the late 19th century? A Large businesses were more efficient than smaller enterprises, leading to lower prices for consumers.B Large businesses often exploited their workers, who had to work long hours for low pay.C Large businesses were more careful to avoid the pollution of lakes and rivers than smaller businesses.D Large businesses were more carefully regulated by the government than smaller businesses.
10Which was a disadvantageous practice of big businesses in the late 1800s? A They engaged in unfair conduct to put competitors out of business.B They failed to conduct research to improve their products.C They were slow to adopt innovations in production.D They lacked the resources to produce goods in large quantities.
11“Panic at the New York Stock Exchange “Panic at the New York Stock Exchange.” It illustrates the negative economic effects of —A unregulated free enterprise during the Gilded AgeB widespread labor union strikes in the late 1890sC American involvement in overseas wars for coloniesD the collapse of the Southern sharecropping system
12What was the significance of the Interstate Commerce Act (1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)?A They prevented shoddy goods from being sold across state lines.B They raised tariffs to encourage the further growth of big business.C They were used to break up labor unions for interfering with free enterprise.D They established the principle that Congress could regulate some business practices.
13Which of the following was a problem faced by American factory workers in the late 19th century? A Factory owners required that workers organize themselves into unions.B Workers in many industries faced periodic unemployment.C Workers lacked the means of transportation to factories.D Factory owners demanded that their workers obtain more education.
14In the late 1800s, which associations were formed by farmers to help solve their problems?
15One major legacy of the Social Gospel Movement was — A an end to racial segregation in Southern statesB the conversion of many Catholic immigrants to ProtestantismC the intervention of prominent religious leaders into electoral politicsD a greater attention to the needs of the poor in industrial society
16Which of the following was a consequence of the rapid growth of cities in the late 1800s? A The decline of political machines in the MidwestB The migration of poor workers to the suburbsC A decrease in the gap between rich and poorD The proliferation of tenements and ghettos
17Before 1898, most Americans opposed imperialism Before 1898, most Americans opposed imperialism. Why did imperialism afterwards become more popular?A Americans felt it was against the principles of democracy to rule over others.B Americans feared it would bring the United States into conflict with other powers.C Americans wanted to rule over others because America had once been a British colony.D Americans wanted to sell goods to new markets and buy raw materials for new industries.
18How did the Spanish-American War help to make the United States a world power? A The United States gained territories in North America reaching to the Pacific Ocean.B The United States defeated a European power and annexed overseas territories.C The United States demonstrated it could maintain its neutrality during a European war.D The United States warned European countries not to establish new colonies in the Western Hemisphere.
19How did the actions of President Theodore Roosevelt help move the United States into a position of world power?A He annexed the Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico and Hawaii to the United States.B He established United States control over the Panama Canal Zone and warned European nations not to interfere in the Caribbean.C He declared the “Open Door” policy in China and sent troops to suppress the Boxer Rebellion.D He followed a policy of “watchful waiting” towards Mexico and sent troops to capture Pancho Villa.
20How did the actions of Sanford B How did the actions of Sanford B. Dole help move the United States into a position of world power?A He wrote articles for the Hearst and Pulitzer newspapers urging U.S. intervention to protect Cuban rebels from Spanish repression.B He demonstrated in his writings the importance of obtaining colonies, increasing overseas trade and building a canal in Central America.C He led the American sugar and plantation owners who seized power in Hawaii and asked to be annexed to the United States.D He led those Senators who favored overseas expansion during the debates that took place in the U.S. Senate in the 1890s.
21Which individual had these characteristics? A Sanford B. DoleB Alfred Thayer MahanC Henry Cabot LodgeD Henry Clay Frick
22Which individual is paired to his contribution to America’s rise as a world power?
23Which best completes the diagram? A Alliance SystemB Economic DepressionC Assassination of Archduke Francis FerdinandD Sinking of the Lusitania
24Why did the U.S. Senate fail to ratify the Treaty of Versailles in 1919? A Many Senators opposed the severe sanctions that the treaty placed on Germany.B Many Senators feared the League of Nations would involve the United States in foreign wars.C Many Senators felt the League of Nations would interfere with American plans in the Philippines.D Many Senators predicted that membership in the new League of Nations would be too expensive.
25Which characteristic was shared by all five reforms? A They were reforms at the state level.B They gave citizens a greater voice in government.C They were directly aimed at reducing corruption in state government.D They successfully brought economic relief to the urban working classes.
26Which reform is correctly matched with its definition?
27Women had many new experiences as a result of World War I, including working in heavy industry, new fashions, and important social reforms. What other new change came to women just after World War I?A The right to voteB The right to drink alcoholic beveragesC Equal pay for equal workD The right to serve in military combat
28Which sentence best describes the effects of the Teapot Dome scandal? A Americans were shocked to learn that the President had attempted to cover up wrongdoing in the federal government.B Americans became less trustful of government after they learned that a cabinet member had accepted bribes for oil leases.C Americans lost confidence in their government when they learned their President had lied under oath about his personal relationships.D Americans were outraged to learn that federal officials had secretly sent arms to a foreign government linked to terrorists.