Presentation on theme: "Most Chinese immigrants to the U. S"— Presentation transcript:
1 Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on the west coast Most Chinese immigrants to the U.S. entered into the country on the west coastOriginally many Chinese came to the U.S. to escape poverty & civil war in ChinaThey helped to build the transcontinental railroadBy the 1870s strong opposition grew to Chinese immigrationFear of losing jobs to Chinese laborers
2 Chinese Exclusion ActIn 1882 the U.S. Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act which prohibited any further Chinese immigration for 10 years. This was in part a result of nativismThe Act was made permanent in 1902 and was not repealed until 1943
3 Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionismLate 1800s - many Americans want to expand American power overseasThis is in reaction to European ImperialismIt continues the theme of Manifest DestinyIn Cuba, an island controlled by the Spanish for centuries, Cuban rebels began to rise up against their Spanish rulers.
4 Spanish-American War Many Americans supported the Cuban rebels Americans put pressure on the U.S. government to aid the rebels and declare war on SpainPresident McKinley declared war on SpainFeared the destruction of American interests in CubaFelt mounting pressure from CongressThe American Navy blockaded Cuba and prepared to attack the Spanish controlled Philippine Islands
5 Cuba The U.S. Army invaded Cuba in 1898 After two weeks of fighting the Spanish surrendered Cuba and nearby Puerto RicoUnder the treaty the U.S. would annex Puerto Rico and GuamCuba would be given it’s freedom.Many Americans also wanted to annex the Philippines
6 The PhilippinesMay The U.S. Navy attacked the Spanish fleet in the PhilippinesThe U.S. quickly defeated the PhilippinesThe U.S. then invaded the islands with the aid of Filipino rebelsThe capital city of Manila was capturedThe U.S. Army however refused to recognize the new rebel governmentHow do you think the Filipino rebels feltabout the U.S. Army?
7 The annexation of the Philippines Pro-ImperialistsArgued that annexation of the islands would give the U.S. an economic and military advantageAnti-imperialistsArgued against annexation worrying that it would cost too much to support and defend the PhilippinesU.S. annexed the Philippines causing Filipino rebels to attack American troopsThe uprising was eventually put down, in part by the American ability to stimulate the Filipino economy and promote education and health care systems
8 Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal
9 Panama CanalPresident Theodore Roosevelt acquired the Panama Canal Zone in 1903To insure a quick response by the U.S. Navy worldwideU.S. supported a revolt for Panamanian independenceIn order to acquire the area, which was part of Colombia
11 Roosevelt Corollary (1904) To expand his “big stick” policy, President Roosevelt issued the Roosevelt CorollaryStated that the U.S. would intervene in Latin American affairs when necessaryWhat was the purposeof the Monroe Doctrine?How are the RooseveltCorollary and theMonroe Doctrine connected?