Presentation on theme: "GOLD RUSH AND THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT"— Presentation transcript:
1GOLD RUSH AND THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT CHINESE IMMIGRATION
2GOLD!!On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in California at Sutter’s Mill.By 1849, people were coming to California from all over the world to look for gold.These migrants were known as “forty-niners”
3CHINESE IMMIGRANTS Reasons: In 1848, Chinese immigrants began coming to America.Reasons:WarFamineA poor economy in southeastern ChinaBetween , about 24,000 young Chinese men immigrated to California.
4CHINESE IMMIGRANTS Americans did not welcome the Chinese. California placed a high monthly tax on all foreign minersChinese workers were targets of violent attacks in the mining campsThe legal system offered little protection
5CHINESE IMMIGRANTSYear after year, more immigrants came from China to America. Some still hoped to find gold.Others just wanted a job:Many opened their own businessesRestaurantsLaundriesCentral Pacific Railroad Company
6CHINATOWNThe largest and oldest Chinese community in the United States is the Chinatown area of San FranciscoSan Francisco grew rapidlyPopulation jumped from 800 in March of 1848 to more than 25,000 by 1850.
7RESENTMENTWorkers of other nationalities who could not find jobs that paid well began to resent the Chinese workers.Blamed Chinese for taking jobsBlamed Chinese for keeping the pay rate lowSome states began to pass laws that discriminated against Chinese and Asian immigrants
8EMPLOYMENTAfter the gold rush ended, many Chinese immigrants found work elsewhere:Farm laborersLow-paying industrial jobsRailroad construction
9PACIFIC RAILWAY ACTSAs more Americans moved west, the need to send goods and information from the East to the West increased.The federal government passed the Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864.Gave railroad companies loans and land grantsRailroads hired many immigrants, many of them Chinese
10DISCRIMINATIONChinese workers who worked on the railroad were treated differently:Were paid lessWere given the most dangerous jobsWere given the longest working hoursHowever, they could earn much more money working for the railroads than back in China.
11THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act.It restricted immigration from China into the United States for the next ten years.Banned Chinese laborers, both skilled and unskilledBanned miners
12THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT Other restrictions:Chinese immigrants already in the United States were not allowed to leave and re-enter the country.Chinese immigrants already living in the United States were not allowed to become citizens.
13EFFECTSThe law had devastating effects on Chinese communities in America:Chinese men who had come to America to work could not go home to visit their familiesThey could not bring their wives to AmericaSince they were not citizens, they could not own their own land or register mining claims.
14REAUTHORIZATIONThe Chinese Exclusion Act had broad support from labor unions and other groups.Other people criticized the act, calling it legalized discriminationIn 1892, it was reauthorized for another ten years by the passage of the Geary Act.In 1902, it was again reauthorized – this time with no ending date.
15END OF EXCLUSIONIt was only when our country became involved in World War II that the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed.China was an ally of ours in the warThe Magnuson Act was passed in 1943 to finally repeal the Chinese Exclusion Act, but there were still limits on immigrationFinally in the 1960’s, the exclusion of Chinese immigration was completely ended
16QUESTIONS!1. What event sent people from all over the world to California in ?THE GOLD RUSHWhat was happening in China that caused many people to emigrate from there?WAR, FAMINE, POOR ECONOMY
17What did California do to discourage foreigners from mining for gold? TAXED THEMWhy did the Chinese stay in America even though conditions were not the best?THEY COULD EARN MORE MONEY THAN IN CHINA
18What was the Chinese Exclusion Act? A LAW THAT RESTRICTED IMMIGRATION FROM CHINA TO THE UNITED STATESHow did World War II affect the immigration of people from China to America?IT LED TO THE REPEAL OF THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT SINCE CHINA WAS AN ALLY OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE WAR
19EXIT TICKET!Do you think that a law like the Chinese Exclusion Act could be passed today? Why or why not?Write your answer on a sheet of paperMust be at least 4 sentences