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GOLD RUSH AND THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT 1. GOLD!!  On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in California at Sutter’s Mill.  By 1849, people were coming.

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Presentation on theme: "GOLD RUSH AND THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT 1. GOLD!!  On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in California at Sutter’s Mill.  By 1849, people were coming."— Presentation transcript:


2 GOLD!!  On January 24, 1848, gold was discovered in California at Sutter’s Mill.  By 1849, people were coming to California from all over the world to look for gold.  These migrants were known as “forty-niners” 2

3 CHINESE IMMIGRANTS  In 1848, Chinese immigrants began coming to America.  Reasons:  War  Famine  A poor economy in southeastern China  Between 1848-1853, about 24,000 young Chinese men immigrated to California. 3

4 CHINESE IMMIGRANTS  Americans did not welcome the Chinese.  California placed a high monthly tax on all foreign miners  Chinese workers were targets of violent attacks in the mining camps  The legal system offered little protection 4

5 CHINESE IMMIGRANTS  Year after year, more immigrants came from China to America. Some still hoped to find gold.  Others just wanted a job:  Many opened their own businesses  Restaurants  Laundries  Central Pacific Railroad Company 5

6 CHINATOWN  The largest and oldest Chinese community in the United States is the Chinatown area of San Francisco  San Francisco grew rapidly  Population jumped from 800 in March of 1848 to more than 25,000 by 1850. 6

7 RESENTMENT  Workers of other nationalities who could not find jobs that paid well began to resent the Chinese workers.  Blamed Chinese for taking jobs  Blamed Chinese for keeping the pay rate low  Some states began to pass laws that discriminated against Chinese and Asian immigrants 7

8 EMPLOYMENT  After the gold rush ended, many Chinese immigrants found work elsewhere:  Farm laborers  Low-paying industrial jobs  Railroad construction 8

9 PACIFIC RAILWAY ACTS  As more Americans moved west, the need to send goods and information from the East to the West increased.  The federal government passed the Pacific Railway Acts of 1862 and 1864.  Gave railroad companies loans and land grants  Railroads hired many immigrants, many of them Chinese 9

10 DISCRIMINATION  Chinese workers who worked on the railroad were treated differently:  Were paid less  Were given the most dangerous jobs  Were given the longest working hours However, they could earn much more money working for the railroads than back in China. 10

11 THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT  In 1882, President Chester A. Arthur signed the Chinese Exclusion Act.  It restricted immigration from China into the United States for the next ten years.  Banned Chinese laborers, both skilled and unskilled  Banned miners 11

12 THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT  Other restrictions:  Chinese immigrants already in the United States were not allowed to leave and re-enter the country.  Chinese immigrants already living in the United States were not allowed to become citizens. 12

13 EFFECTS  The law had devastating effects on Chinese communities in America:  Chinese men who had come to America to work could not go home to visit their families  They could not bring their wives to America  Since they were not citizens, they could not own their own land or register mining claims. 13

14 REAUTHORIZATION  The Chinese Exclusion Act had broad support from labor unions and other groups.  Other people criticized the act, calling it legalized discrimination  In 1892, it was reauthorized for another ten years by the passage of the Geary Act.  In 1902, it was again reauthorized – this time with no ending date. 14

15 END OF EXCLUSION  It was only when our country became involved in World War II that the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally repealed.  China was an ally of ours in the war  The Magnuson Act was passed in 1943 to finally repeal the Chinese Exclusion Act, but there were still limits on immigration  Finally in the 1960’s, the exclusion of Chinese immigration was completely ended 15

16 QUESTIONS! 1. What event sent people from all over the world to California in 1848-1849?  THE GOLD RUSH 2. What was happening in China that caused many people to emigrate from there?  WAR, FAMINE, POOR ECONOMY 16

17 3. What did California do to discourage foreigners from mining for gold?  TAXED THEM 4. Why did the Chinese stay in America even though conditions were not the best?  THEY COULD EARN MORE MONEY THAN IN CHINA 17

18 5. What was the Chinese Exclusion Act?  A LAW THAT RESTRICTED IMMIGRATION FROM CHINA TO THE UNITED STATES 6. How did World War II affect the immigration of people from China to America?  IT LED TO THE REPEAL OF THE CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT SINCE CHINA WAS AN ALLY OF THE UNITED STATES IN THE WAR 18

19 EXIT TICKET!  Do you think that a law like the Chinese Exclusion Act could be passed today? Why or why not?  Write your answer on a sheet of paper  Must be at least 4 sentences 19

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