2 Question 1 They were members of Parliament who favored the Americans. 1. During the events leading up to the American Revolution, what did the people listed above have in common?Samuel AdamsPaul RevereThomas PaineThey were members of Parliament who favored the Americans.Their actions supported the British King.They were military leaders in the British army before the war.Their actions supported American independence.
3 Answer to #14. Their actions supported American independence.
4 Question 2The pamphlet Common Sense, by Thomas Paine, aided the American cause in the Revolutionary War because itA. convinced France to join in the fight against EnglandB. led to the repeal of the Stamp ActC. created a new system of government for the United StatesD. persuaded individuals who were undecided to support independence
5 D. persuaded individuals who were undecided to support independence
6 Question 3How did Thomas Paine’s Common Sense impact the American Revolution?A. It created a sense of peace throughout the coloniesB. It forced colonist to follow the King’s lawsC. It informed colonists of the injustices occurringD. It forced King George III to give the colonists their independence
7 Answer to #3C. It informed colonists of the injustices occurring
8 Sons of Liberty B. House of Burgesses Tories D.Loyalists Question 4“We then were ordered by our commander to open the hatches and take out all the chests of tea and throw them overboard… In about three hours from the time we went on board, we had thus broken and thrown overboard every chest of tea to be found on the ship, while those in the other ships were disposing of the tea in the same way, at the same time.”—George Hewes, from A Retrospect of the Boston Tea PartyThe event described in the passage was planned by the—Sons of LibertyB. House of BurgessesToriesD.Loyalists
12 6. A significant event of the Battle of Saratoga was— A. Germany decided to remain neutralB. it was the final battle of the American RevolutionC. Italy joined the war with Great BritainD. colonists became allies with France
13 Answer to 6D. colonists became allies with France
14 Question 71. Which principle of government is proposed in the Declaration of Independence?A. political power originates with a strong central governmentB. the primary function of government is to protect natural rightsC. a system of checks and balances is the most effective way to prevent governmental abuse of powerD. individual liberties must be guaranteed by a strong bill of rights
15 Answer to 7B. the primary function of government is to protect natural rights
16 Question 88. The Battle of Bunker Hill was important because the colonists—A. proved they could hold their ownB. forced the British to retreatC. held BostonD. showed superior training
18 Question 9 One effect of the Treaty of Paris (1783) was it gave the— A. Native Americans back their landB. French back their colony of CanadaC. Americans land and independenceD. British more land in North America
20 Question 10The retreat of British soldiers at the Battle of Yorktown was significant in that—A. it gave the British the time they needed to re-strategizeB. they were able to move on to Saratoga where they were victoriousC. Americans decided the fighting had continued long enough and called a truceD. it resulted in a British surrender by Lord General Cornwalis
21 Answer to 10D. it resulted in a British surrender by Lord General Cornwalis
22 Question 11According to the United States Declaration of Independence, revolution can be justified whenA. the people realize they have elected the wrong person or partyB. a government deprives the people of their basic rightsC. economic conditions worsenD. political leaders place the economic interest of a wealthy minority above those of the majority
23 Answer to 11B. a government deprives the people of their basic rights
24 12. How would you describe The Enlightenment in America? A religious movement when many different religions started in the United Statesa time period in 1700’s when philosophers and scientists began reasoning the world through theory and reasoninga time period when people started to have more electricity and technology in their houses.
25 Answer to #12B. a time period in 1700’s when philosophers and scientists began reasoning the world through theory and reasoningThe Enlightenment was period in the 1700s when European scientists and philosophers began examining the world through reason, or human intellect, rather than religious or spiritual faith. The Enlightenment's leading intellectuals included Sir Isaac Newton, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Denis Diderot and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. They were inspired by17th century thinkers such as John Locke, Francis Bacon, Pierre Bayle, Benedict de Spinoza and Rene Descartes. Their ideas touched many aspects of life including politics, economics, science and religion. Read more:
26 13. How would you best define, “social contract?” A. an agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefitsB. an organization or club formed for a particular purpose or activity.C. debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve powe
27 Answer to #13Answer: A. agreement among the members of a society to cooperate for social benefits.In The Social Contract, Rousseau explained his political theories, which would later influence the writers of the United States Constitution as well as the leaders of the French Revolution. "Man is born free, and he is everywhere in chains." Because humans are corrupted by society, all people must enter into a social contract that requires people to recognize a collective "good will," which represents the common good or public interest. All citizens should participate and should be committed to the good of all, even if it is not in their personal best interest. He believed that living for the common good promotes liberty and equality.
28 14. What were the Puritans during early colonization known for? A. For being loyal to England B. Being a Christian religion with a strict moral codeC. For their extensive exploration of the Americas
29 Answer to 14B. Being a Christian religion with a strict moral code Puritan Family Women were responsible for making sure children grew into good Puritan adults. Puritans were strict parents who loved their children very much. They used mental discipline and love but, if it didn't work, they would use physical force. They were known for their representative government (Mayflower Compact)
30 15. How can the U.S. Constitution be amended? A. the president passes an amendment by making a public announcement.B. The supreme court passes it through congressC. a 2/3 vote by congress and the senate
31 Answer to 15 C. a 2/3 vote by congress and the senate The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures. None of the 27 amendments to the Constitution have been proposed by constitutional convention.
32 Question 16After the French and Indian War, the British imposed various taxes on the colonists to alleviate the war debt. One prevalent reaction of the colonists was to—A. send their tax dollars to the French instead of British governmentB. tell their representatives to draft a bill to abolish taxesC. boycott British goodsD. buy more French goods
34 17Which is an important reason that the American colonists rebelled against England in the 1770s?A. The colonists desired the right to control the basic aspect of their economy.B. An overwhelming majority of the colonists favored rebellion.C. England did not adequately protect America from attack by other European nations.D. England had reduced the number of colonial representatives in Parliament.
35 Answer 17A. The colonists desired the right to control the basic aspect of their economy.
36 18Which statement most closely expresses the justification for revolution as presented in the United States Declaration of Independence?A. People have the right to overthrow their government if it fails to protect their rights and property.B. People are born free but some are put in chains; therefore, revolution is necessary to return their freedom.C. Government authority prevents human progress; revolution will end all government control.D. Economic conditions determine the course of history; therefore, revolutionary struggle between classes is inevitable.
37 Answer 18A. People have the right to overthrow their government if it fails to protect their rights and property.
38 Question 19The Great Compromise reached at the Constitutional Convention was mostly related to—A. representation in CongressB. the PresidencyC. selection of Supreme Court justicesD. checks and balances
40 20The dispute over representation in Congress between large and small states was settled in the United States Constitution by—A. adopting the Three-Fifths CompromiseB. establishing the reserved powersC. creating a two-house legislatureD. forming the electoral college
42 Question 21Although there were scattered bands of Native Americans in the West, theythey were far fewer in number than they were hundreds of years previously.Native American numbers dwindled so dramatically for the most partbecause –A. their primary source of food, the buffalo, had become nearly extinct.B. their tribes were constantly at war with the United States military.C. they lacked immunity to European diseases like small pox & influenza.D. the Spanish kidnapped them as slaves for sugar plantations in theCaribbean.
43 Question 21C. they lacked immunity to European diseases like small pox & influenza.
44 Question 22Which of the following best explains why the lumber industry was the single most important manufacturing activity in the English Colonies?A. The abundant forests prevented wood from ever being in short supply.B. It was in tremendous demand for the thriving shipbuilding industry.C. It could be done year–round.D. It provided jobs for people of all ages.
45 Answer 22B. It was in tremendous demand for the thriving shipbuilding industry.
46 23The idea of representative government in colonial America was most influenced by which of the following?A. The RenaissanceB. The EnlightenmentC. The Great AwakeningD. The Great Migration
50 25In the 17th and 18th centuries, England’s mercantilist practices were a factor in the onset of the American Revolution. This was due in part to—A. the colonists refusal to trade with Native Americans.B. the colonists refusal to adopt the Anglican Church as the national religion.C. the mercantilist belief that wealth should be evenly distributed.D. the mercantilist belief that the colonies existed for the benefit and wealth of the mother country.
51 Answer to 25D. the mercantilist belief that the colonies existed for the benefit and wealth of the mother country.
52 26 . Samuel Adams’ Committees of Correspondence were established for prominent colonial citizens to help each other with problems andcommunicate their issues to others. These committees eventually becameA. the First Continental Congress.B. the Whig Party.C. the Sons of Liberty.D. the United States Senate.
54 27At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise settledthe issue of representation in Congress by –A. having both houses of Congress elected directly by the people.B. having both houses of Congress chosen by the state legislatures.C. giving each state two senators and a number of representatives based on population.D allowing the states to have equal representation in Congress.
55 Answer 27C. giving each state two senators and a number of representatives based on population.
56 The Alien and Sedition Acts were— 28The Alien and Sedition Acts were—A. renewed up until the Era of Good Feelings began.B. important for protecting the new American government from British usurpation.C. quickly repealed and are regarded as a dark moment in American civil rights History.D. used to prevent Thomas Jefferson from winning the Election of 1800.
57 Answer to 28C. quickly repealed and are regarded as a dark moment in American civil rights History.