Presentation on theme: "Is this true? Is the right thing to do always the most loving thing?"— Presentation transcript:
1Is this true? Is the right thing to do always the most loving thing? Give an EXAMPLE to back up your POINT.EXTENSION:Can you give a COUNTER ARGUMENT to your own point?
2American Christian Minister ObjectiveTo use memory recall, exam questions, a real life scenario, and biblical quotes to understand the Christian principle of Situation EthicsJoseph FletcherAmerican Christian Minister
3Outcomes Your GOALS for the end of this lesson are… Grade C All will be able to use memory recall to define and describe what is meant by Situation Ethics.Grade BMost will be able to explain the concept of agape and apply the principle of Situation Ethics to making moral decisions.Grade A/A*Some will be able to evaluate and express an opinion on the principle of Situation Ethics.Your GOALS forthe end ofthis lesson are…
4What is ? Finish the following sentence LOVE IS... In English we only have ONE word for LOVE that is often understood to mean romantic love.In Greek they have FOUR words for LOVE...EROS – Passion, desire, romantic love.STORGE – Love for your family.PHILIA – Love for your friends.AGAPE – The greatest love.What do you think is meant by the ‘greatest love’?Unconditional love- loving others as we love ourselves, both friend and enemy.To get to that grade B: Can you give at least one EXAMPLE of AGAPE?
5Most will be able to explain the concept of agape. OutcomesGrade BMost will be able to explain the concept of agape.Did you achieveYOUR goals?…
6What is Situation Ethics? The principle of Situation Ethics uses love (agape) as a basis for all moral decisions.Listen and watch the following slides carefully...You will be expected to use your MEMORY to DEFINE and DESCRIBE what SITUATION ETHICS is.
7What is Situation Ethics? Situation Ethics is a CHRISTIAN approach to making moral decisions.It was put forwards by JOSEPH FLETCHER a Christian Minister in the 1960’s during a time of great social change.
8He said...Love should be the only consideration when making a moral decision.A GOOD decision is one that aims to do THE MOST LOVING THING.
9He based this on... The simple teachings of JESUS... My command is this: love each other as I have loved you (John 12:15)
10He also said...A person should only obey the Bible and the Church if that teaching results in the MOST LOVING thing to do.
11Fletcher was clear about what type of love that should be applied – AGAPE (an attitude towards people rather than a feeling).Showing AGAPE makes it possible to love your enemies and act in loving ways towards people who have not done anything to deserve love.
12What is Situation Ethics? From memory complete the following on your worksheet... WHAT? WHO? HE SAID...?
132 MARKS for an accurate definition complete WITHOUT NOTES against the 2 minute clock.Make a note of your time in the margin.Complete PAGE 56 QUESTION 1 of your REVISION WORKBOOKEXTENSION: Also complete question 2 within the 2 minute time limitNowSELF MARK your work.REMEMBER2 MARKS for an accurate definition1 MARK partially correct definition0 MARKS incorrectSituation Ethics – The idea that Christians should base moral decisions on what is the most loving thing to do.The Golden Rule– The teaching of Jesus that you should treat others as you would like them to treat you.
14Outcomes Did you achieve YOUR goals?… Grade C All will be able to use memory recall to define and describe what is meant by Situation EthicsDid you achieveYOUR goals?…
15What inspired Situation Ethics? There are several verses in the New Testament that stress the importance of love (agape) in making moral decisions...‘Love your God with all your heart, and all your soul...and love your neighbour as yourself’ (Luke 10:27)‘Greater love has no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends’(John 15:13)‘And this is his commandment, that we should believe in the name of his Son Jesus Christ and love one another, just as he has commanded us’ (John 3:23)Read the following scenario carefully…Using the above quotes and the principle of Situation Ethics (AGAPE) what do you think a Christian (who ONLY USES SITUATION ETHICS to make moral decisions) would do?
16Outcomes Did you achieve YOUR goals?… Grade B Most will be able to apply the principle of Situation Ethics to making moral decisions.Did you achieveYOUR goals?…
17Applying Situation Ethics? During the Holocaust, a group of Jewish people hid in the sewers of a German city as the SS police marched in the streets overhead. Amongst the group there was a mother with her baby. The woman’s baby began to cry. No matter what she did, the mother could not get her baby to stop. If the baby continued to cry , it was only a matter of time before the Nazis heard, and then they would all be discovered.Rather than risk the lives of everyone down there, she smothered her baby to death with a blanket, and let the corpse float down the sewer.This was taken from the memoirs of a Holocaust survivor who detailed how she escaped Nazi imprisonment.Did the woman's actions follow the principle of Situation Ethics?Was this the most loving action?EXTENSION: Do you think that morally, this was the right course of action?
18Outcomes Did you achieve YOUR goals?… Grade A/A* Some will be able to express an opinion on the principle of Situation Ethics.Did you achieveYOUR goals?…
19Once you have some ideas share with a partner. Does it work?PairShareThinkComplete the following...YESNOEvery situation is judged individually rather than a blanket right or wrong e.g. murder is wrong.It is dependant on a person being able to predict what will happen to determine what is most loving, and this is impossible.It has a genuine Christian intention, of which the basis is LOVE.In theory, anything (murder, adultery etc...) could be justified if the person felt it was the most loving thing to do.Acting out of LOVE is a positive thing, so it would bring positive consequences.It works in extreme cases but not in everyday society where we are used to having rules and laws.YESNOUse what you have learnt today about situation ethics to EVALUATE whether you think it works as a moral code.Once you have some ideas share with a partner.
20Do you think it is always possible to apply Situation Ethics? complete WITHOUT NOTES against the 4 minute clock.Make a note of your time in the margin.Complete PAGE 56 QUESTION 3 of your REVISION WORKBOOKPLEASE CHANGE ‘the Golden Rule today TO ‘Situation Ethics’ So the question reads…Do you think it is always possible to apply Situation Ethics?Now SWAP and PEER MARK each others work.REMEMBER mark on those P’s and E’s and KW’s and Q’s.Give them a mark out of 4 and a clear TARGET.
21Outcomes Did you achieve YOUR goals?… Grade A/A* Some will be able to evaluate and express an opinion on the principle of Situation Ethics.Did you achieveYOUR goals?…
22Plenary...How would Situation Ethics be used to solve the following dilemmas?A 15-year-old girl is pregnant after being raped, and is considering abortion.A terminally ill man asks his wife to help him commit suicide.A man is considering committing adultery on his wife who has Alzheimer's and cannot remember him.