Presentation on theme: "Subledger Accounting Implementation Options Presented to the UKOUG Oracle Financials SIG by Nic Atkin."— Presentation transcript:
Subledger Accounting Implementation Options Presented to the UKOUG Oracle Financials SIG by Nic Atkin
Subledger Accounting Implementation options for new R12 implementations, and R11i upgrades
2 About the presenter Nic has been implementing, designing or developing solution architectures within the Oracle E-Business Suite arena since Release 7. Nic spent 15 years with Oracle Consulting UK, and in his last year delivered both the R12 Awareness and Financials Accounting Hub training to consultants throughout EMEA. Since leaving Oracle Consulting UK he has worked as an independent contractor implementing: –Financials Accounting Hub at Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuurbeheer en Voedselkwaliteit; LNV (Netherlands Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality); –Subledger Accounting at LNV and Royal KPN NV (Netherlands landline and mobile telecommunications). Nic is currently at Balfour Beatty as the R12 Solution owner delivering a common business process and share service centre based solution to 16 disparate Operating Companies in the Balfour Beatty Group.
3 Agenda Introduction to Subledger Accounting Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS 11i upgrade options R12 Implementation options
Introduction to Subledger Accounting
5 What is Subledger Accounting (SLA)? –Common Accounting Engine embedded in E-Business Suite R12 –A specific licence usage of the Financials Accounting Engine –SLA Licence comes free with EBS licence –Financials Accounting Hub (FAH/FSAH) licence is the other licence usage of the Financials Accounting Engine What does it do? –Creates Journals from the transactional events that happen to a document during its lifecycle, e.g. approval, cancellation, adjustment –Can create Journals in many ledgers (Primary, Secondary, Reporting) from a single accounting event
6 11i END USER Enter/validate/ approve transaction Introduction to Subledger Accounting 11i User Interaction END USER Create accounting and transfer to GL Import into GL END USER Post in GL Financial Options System Options Accounting Options
7 11i New in R12 Accounting event created Enter/validate/ approve transaction END USER Create accounting, transfer, and import into GL END USER Post in GL SLA Setup Transaction Data Accounting Event Introduction to Subledger Accounting R12 User Interaction
8 Introduction to Subledger Accounting Key Components (1) Components configured and used by each Subledger separately Single journal repository (can report across subledgers using custom reports) Configuration/Setup –Event and Entity Model Defines the Events that can happen to a document Defines Entities to extract data from the source subledger document –Transaction Account Builder Defines how an account code combination is built up in a subledger* –Account Method Builder Defines a Journal and its Lines Uses or overrides account code combination built in the subledger –Subledger Accounting Rules Detail Listing Report Reports the entire configuration * If implemented by Oracle Development
9 Introduction to Subledger Accounting Key Components (2) Master Data Management User Functionality –Mappings Sets Map any source value to a account segment or an entire account code combination End User Functionality –Accounting Journals Create Accounting (Offline) and Online accounting (not in all subledgers) –Inquiry: Drill-down, Drill-up (GL->SLA->Subledger->SLA->GL) –Reports Account Analysis Report Journal Entries Report Open Account Balances Listing Subledger Multiperiod Accounting and Accrual Reversal Report Subledger Period Close Exceptions Report Third Party Balances Report Trading Partner Summary Report
10 Financials Accounting Hub Subledger Accounting Introduction to Subledger Accounting Two licenses, Two levels of permission Subledger Registration Account Method Builder Entity Model Standard Sources Custom Sources Transaction Account Builder Event Model If implemented by Oracle Development Change to seed data NOT SUPPORTED by Oracle Supported by Oracle for a new Subledger Registration ONLY Applies to seeded Subledgers
Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS Where and how used up to R12.1.3
14 Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS Where and how used up to R Accounting for Journals in the following subledgers of the core Financials Suite: –Assets, Cost Management*, Purchasing**, E-Business Tax, Payables, Receivables, Cash Management *Cost Management covers Purchasing Receipts, Inventory and Manufacturing **Purchasing covers burden and encumbrance accounting for Requisitions and Purchase Orders Accounting for Journals elsewhere in EBS: –Payroll, Projects, Lease and Finance Management, Loans, Property Manager, Process Manufacturing, Price Protection, Trade Management, Contract Commitment and Federal Financials. Transaction Account Builder only used for Financials Common Modules (Advanced Global Intercompany System (AGIS))
15 Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS Transaction Account Builders up to R SubledgerTransaction Account Building Functionality Cost ManagementPO Requisition Account Generator PO Account Generator PayablesProject Supplier Invoice Account Generator; or Project Expense Report Account Generator; or Prior transaction (PO related) or Expense Report Template (Expense Reports); or Distribution Set (Invoices); otherwise entered manually. AssetsFA Account Generator, or SLA Account Derivation Rules PayrollCost Allocation Flexfield qualifiers and Costing program ProjectsAutoAccounting for Projects ReceivablesAR: Substitute Balancing Segment Account Generator AutoAccounting for Invoices Cash ManagementSLA Account Derivation Rules Leasing and Finance Management Accounting Template Set (optional) Advanced Global Intercompany System SLA Transaction Account Builder
16 Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS Transaction Account Builders post R12.1.3? SubledgerTransaction Account Building Functionality Cost ManagementPO Requisition Account Generator PO Account Generator PayablesProject Supplier Invoice Account Generator; or Project Expense Report Account Generator; or Prior transaction (PO related) or Expense Report Template (Expense Reports); or Distribution Set (Invoices) AssetsFA Account Generator, or SLA Account Derivation Rules PayrollCost Allocation Flexfield qualifiers and Costing program ProjectsAutoAccounting for Projects ReceivablesAR: Substitute Balancing Segment Account Generator AutoAccounting for Invoices Cash ManagementSLA Account Derivation Rules Leasing and Finance Management Accounting Template Set (optional) Advanced Global Intercompany System SLA Transaction Account Builder SLA Transaction Account Builder?
17 Scope of Subledger Accounting in EBS Related changes in R12 Replaced Sets of Books with Ledger and Ledgers Sets –Primary –Secondary –Reporting (Currency) Moved Multiple Reporting Currency functionality to Reporting currency Moved Taxation functionality embedded in the subledgers to the common tax engine (E-Business Tax) Legal entities model and functionality extended into most subledgers and supports Inter- and Intra- company accounting Replaced Global Intercompany System (GIS) with Advanced Global Intercompany System (AGIS) Replaced Global Accounting Engine with Subledger Accounting
11i upgrade options and considerations
19 11i upgrade options and considerations Key options Your existing 11i implementation should upgrade without any changes in configuration or additional development – subject to regression testing. Factors that may change an upgrade ‘without changes’: –You have accounting (GAAP) issues that are being addressed by manual journals, that could be addressed by changing the seeded accounting –You have customised any one of the Account Generators (dependent Workflow technical skills) Projects AutoAccounting (dependent on SQL technical skills) but want to revert to standard TABs and override account derivation in SLA instead –You want to implement a secondary ledger with a different chart of accounts. –You want implement some of the advanced features of SLA (see R12 implementation options) –Note: this may still require PL/SQL technical skills to develop custom sources.
20 11i upgrade options and considerations Upgrade considerations By default, the upgrade updates the data for the current fiscal year, as well as the necessary periods of the previous fiscal year, to ensure that at least six periods are included in the upgrade How much data must be moved to the new model to support the business?, if more required then: –Get patch –Run SLA Pre-upgrade program to change the number of periods of data to upgrade How much downtime is available to upgrade old data to the new model? How many old transactions could possibly be reversed or rely on previous accounted transactions in a flow? (e.g. the accounting of payments related to a payable invoices are in a flow) Mitigation: “Upgrade by Request” can run SLA post-upgrade program at any time to create the missing data
21 11i upgrade options and considerations Subledger Specific considerations: Payroll Use old GL Interface approach –No effort required Use new SLA approach –Provides GL to Payroll SLA journal drill-down (unlike other subledgers not to HR/Payroll itself as this is secured data) –Full control of accounting –Need to configure all Journal Lines from scratch –On My Oracle Support, see: Article ID and Article ID White Paper Oracle Payroll - Sub Ledger Accounting Integration - An Oracle White Paper
22 11i upgrade options and considerations Subledger Specific considerations: Assets Use existing Account Generator –Set FA: Use Workflow Account Generation profile option to Yes SLA Account Derivation rules –Set FA: Use Workflow Account Generation profile option to No –Amend Account Derivation Rules in SLA as required.
R12 implementation options
24 R12 implementation options Overview Choose an Account Building Approach Implement additional functionality: –Reconciliation References –Journal Header Descriptions –Journal Line Descriptions –Supporting References (for Inquiry) –Supporting Reference Balances –Integrate non-EBS sources via Financials Accounting Hub
25 R12 implementation options Choose an Account Building approach (1) Document subject to Accounting Events (e.g. Payable Invoice) Master Data related to Document (e.g. Supplier) Setup Data related to Document (e.g. Operating Unit System Options) Sources Transaction Account Builder (Account Generator, AutoAccounting, Hard-wired rules, SLA ADR, SLA TAB) Document Distributions
R12 implementation options Choose an Account Building approach (2) Accounting Engine (SLA ADR) Document subject to Accounting Events (e.g. Payable Invoice) Master Data related to Document (e.g. Supplier) Setup Data related to Document (e.g. Operating Unit System Options) Sources Master Data SLA Mapping Set DRCR Journal Line e.g Debit GBP 100 Journal Document Distributions
27 R12 implementation options Choose an Account Building approach (3) Key questions: –Do you want to prevent users entering account code combinations manually anywhere in EBS? – Total Accounting Automation –Do your ‘Organisational’ accounting segments change frequently causing documents with long life cycles to use invalid segment values and invalid combinations in the later part of their life?
28 R12 implementation options Choose an Account Building approach (3) Two main approaches: 1.Calculate account code combinations at journal creation time (override ‘dummy’ TAB defaults with ADRs using setup and master data) –KPN approach 2.TABs calculate using setup and master data. ADRs Use TABs results at journal creation time (accept TAB defaults with minimal override in ADRs) –Oracle Product Development approach Approach 1: –Change TABs to generate ‘dummy’ account combinations, change SLA ADRs and SLA JLDs – high cost, high complexity, custom development Approach 2: –Take the seeded functionality: don’t change the TABs, don’t change the SLA ADRs - low cost, low complexity, no custom development –Or, do as you did in 11i implementations: change the TABs, don’t change the SLA ADRs - medium cost, medium complexity, custom development
29 R12 implementation options Reconciliation References Reconciliation References have to be populated (from a source) to use the new GL AutoReconciliation feature for each journal line. Scenario: –Two source subledgers imported into GL via FAH –Subledger A, primarily debits a control/clearing account using a Transaction Reference recorded in the reconciliation reference –Subledger B, primarily credits the same control/clearing account using the same Transaction Reference recorded in the reconciliation reference –Reconciliation enabled for the control/clearing account –GL Automatically Reconciles journal lines that have the same reconciliation reference and the sum of the debits equal the sum of the credits –Should be able to prove un-reconciled journal lines balance using reports from the source Subledgers.
30 R12 implementation options Journal Header Descriptions Journal Header Descriptions have to be populated (from sources) –E.g. Invoice: Suppler: Visible in SLA Inquiry screens Visible in GL Inquiry screens if SLA Journal Lines are not summarised
31 R12 implementation options Journal Line Descriptions Journal Line Descriptions have to be populated (from sources) –E.g. Invoice: Suppler: Line Number: Visible in SLA Inquiry screens Visible in GL Inquiry screens if SLA Journal Lines are not summarised
32 R12 implementation options Supporting References (for Inquiry) Supporting References have to be populated (from sources) –E.g. Project Expenditure Type Can have up to five segments Allows Journal Lines to be retrieved using this value in the SLA Inquiry screens Can be a source for a data warehouse
33 R12 implementation options Supporting Reference Balances Supporting References have to be populated (from sources) –E.g. Project Number Can have up to five segments Allows GL Balances to be further analysed Effectively extends the accounting flexflield by up to five segments Balances can never reset (inception to date), or reset on year end (year to date) Can be a source for a data warehouse
34 R12 implementation options Integrate non-EBS sources via Financials Accounting Hub Requires a FAH licence Can be a complex development Needs detailed report requirement analysis Needs detailed analysis of source system (subledger) to identify the documents and their accounting events Needs detailed accounting requirements analysis to identify the journals required for each accounting event