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SecFlow2013 Slide 1 SecFlow Overview. SecFlow2013 Slide 2 U&T Target Market Segments Utilities Power Water Oil & Gas Mining Transportation Railways Motorways.

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Presentation on theme: "SecFlow2013 Slide 1 SecFlow Overview. SecFlow2013 Slide 2 U&T Target Market Segments Utilities Power Water Oil & Gas Mining Transportation Railways Motorways."— Presentation transcript:

1 SecFlow2013 Slide 1 SecFlow Overview

2 SecFlow2013 Slide 2 U&T Target Market Segments Utilities Power Water Oil & Gas Mining Transportation Railways Motorways Air Traffic Control Maritime

3 SecFlow2013 Slide 3 Power Utilities Trends The power utilities communication needs are in evolution phase: Migration to Packet in various parts of the network: –Replacement of SDH/PDH core to Ethernet/IP/MPLS –Replacement of old Substation technology to IEC based solution which are consist of Ethernet “LAN” and packet signaling –Migration of old SCADA/RTU’s from Serial to IP based Smart Grid – Implementation of Demand Response techniques for improved automation and control of the distribution grid and deployments of Smart Meters Growing need for Cyber & Physical security solutions

4 SecFlow2013 Slide 4 Challenges Of Power Utilities Communication Networks Evolution in the Substation –Migration to PSN in the Substation while supporting multi services –Teleprotection connectivity over SDH and PSN –Substation Automation and Cyber security Smart Grid –Secured backhaul solutions for Smart Meters Growth in Bandwidth –Transitioning the operational network to PSN while maintaining reliability, security & simplicity –Clock Synchronization over the PSN network Product Obsolescence – old RTUs and substation communications PDH/SDH multiplexers are out of production and service, however, there is still a need to maintain Legacy equipment and installed base

5 SecFlow2013 Slide 5 Industrial Control Systems Industrial control systems used to monitor and remotely control critical industrial processes –SCADA systems –Distributed Control Systems (DCS) –Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) Highly distributed Geographically separated assets Centralized data acquisition and control are critical –Oil and gas pipelines –Electrical power grids –Railway transportation systems

6 SecFlow2013 Slide 6 SCADA System Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) – An industrial measurement and control system. SCADA elements are: –Central device Central Master Station – Supervisory system, gathering data on the process and sending action commands. –Remote devices Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) and Remote Terminal Unit (RTU) – Connecting to sensors in the process, converting sensor signals to digital data and sending digital data to the supervisory system. Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED) – Microprocessor based controller which monitor and perform proactive functions. Designed to support substation automation functions.

7 SecFlow2013 Slide 7 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), System Overview Source: RTUs PLCs IEDs SCADA communication Protocols Modbus DNP3 IEC101, IEC104

8 SecFlow2013 Slide 8 IEC International standard for substation automation systems developed to create an open communication environment IEC provides interconnection of substation devices on high speed Ethernet network IEC comprises 10 separate standards IEC through to IEC IEC Specifies general requirements for the hardware design must support three major requirements: –Electromagnetic Interference (EMI), immunity – Strong electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) design to protect against EMI –Operating temperature -40° to 75°C – substation environments can experience temperatures as high as 75°C and as low as -40°C

9 SecFlow2013 Slide 9 SecFlow Portfolio Overview SecFlow – Ruggedized SCADA-Aware Ethernet Switch consist on two product families: –SecFlow-2 – Ruggedized SCADA-Aware Ethernet Switch/Router –SecFlow-4 – Modular Ruggedized SCADA-Aware Ethernet Switch/Router

10 SecFlow2013 Slide 10 SecFlow Main Features Industrial Design Harsh environmental DIN-rail mount IP °C to +75°C w/o fans EMI immunity IEC IEEE 1613 EN Multiservice Gateway Utilize both Ethernet ports and Serial interfaces Serial Tunneling or Service translation IEC101 to IEC104 Integrated Security L-2/3/4 ACL MAC/IP filtering per port SCADA-Aware firewall L2/L3 VPN w/IPsec 802.1X RADIUS/TACACS Resiliency Ethernet rings per ITU-T G.8032 RSTP, MSTP Cellular 2G/3G modem uplink for maximum service continuation

11 SecFlow2013 Slide 11 SecFlow-2 Access and Network Interfaces USB DI/DOPower Console FE Ports FE 0/1-8 with optional PoE RS 232 port SIM Card Ports 1,2 Dual GPRS/UMTS Modem SFP GbE1, GbE2

12 SecFlow2013 Slide 12 SecFlow-4 Access and Network Interfaces Dual Power Supplies 7 I/O slots Service and MNG module

13 SecFlow2013 Slide 13 SecFlow-4 Modules ModuleDescription SF4-M-4GBEGigabit Ethernet module with four UTP or four SFP ports SF4-M-SerialSerial interface module with four RS-232 ports SF4-M-ServiceService module with firewall, serial tunneling, VPN functionalities and discrete input/output interfaces SF4-M-MNGCentral processing and management module with local terminal and out-of-band management ports SF4-PS-24VDCPower supply module for 24 VDC input SF4-PS-48VDCPower supply module for 48 VDC input

14 SecFlow2013 Slide 14 SecFlow-2/4 v3.1 Main Features FeaturesDescriptionCustomer Benefits SecFlow-2 Interfaces Ethernet Interfaces 2×100/1000BaseFX Up to 16×10/100BaseT Resilient redundant networking over various WAN infrastructures Serial Interfaces UP to 4×RS-232 Multiservice support in a compact single device Cellular Interface Dual SIM GPRS/UMTS cellular modem Utilizes cellular network for main link Improves link resiliency and service continuity using cellular backup links SecFlow-4 Interfaces Ethernet Module SF4-M-4GbE 4×100/1000BaseT, optional PoE 4×100/1000BaseFX 4 GbE interfaces per module that provide a maximum of 28 GbEs per chassis for multiple Ethernet connections Serial Module SF4-M-Serial 4×RS serial interfaces for legacy connectivity with up to 28 serial ports per chassis The serial module combined with the Ethernet module provides multiservice support for various applications Central Processing Module SF4-M-MNG Central processing and management module with local terminal and out-of-band management ports The module is supplied with the SecFlow-4 chassis, providing the Layer-2 functionality Service Module SF4-M-Service (Optional) Service module with firewall, serial tunneling, VPN functionalities and discrete input/output interfaces hardware-ready only Security, routing and gateway functionalities

15 SecFlow2013 Slide 15 SecFlow-2/4 v3.1 Main Features FeaturesDescriptionCustomer Benefits Protocol Gateway IEC-101 to IEC-104 conversion Enables seamless communication from the IP SCADA to both the legacy and new RTUs, featuring a single box for multiservice application and smooth migration to all IP networks SCADA-Aware Firewall SCADA-aware firewall monitors SCADA commands using deep packet inspection to validate intended application purpose Supported SCADA protocols: IEC-104, Modbus and DNP 3.0 Syslog support for IEC 104 firewall Provides distributed network security from the substation, enabling only authorized traffic to access the network according to the user defined access rules VPN Gateway with IPSec Layer 2 GRE VPN Layer 3 multipoint GRE Dynamic Multipoint-VPN Layer 3 IPSec VPN IPSec encryption per 3DES or AES X.509 certified with SHA256 and SHA512 for Phase1/Phase2 and AES 256 support Secured interconnection of remote sites over public networks, using Layer-2or Layer-3 VPN with encryption Supports large scale networks QoS Port limit Ingress policing Strict priority Weighted Round Robin (WRR) Egress traffic shaping Higher and lower priority traffic separation into 8 queues for prioritizing the user traffic and allowing mission critical applications to be served first

16 SecFlow2013 Slide 16 SecFlow-2/4 v3.1 Main Features FeaturesDescriptionCustomer Benefits Ethernet OAM Single ‑ segment (link) OAM according to IEEE (formerly 802.3ah) End ‑ to ‑ end connectivity OAM based on IEEE 802 End ‑ to ‑ end service and performance monitoring based on ITU ‑ T Y Guaranteed SLA (Service level Agreement) of contracted services Standard Ethernet OAM for easy interoperability with 3rd party equipment Monitors network faults, performs measurements and gathers statistics Jumbo Frames SecFlow-2 Supports 9K bytes jumbo frames SecFlow-4 Supports 12K bytes jumbo frames Improves efficiency and increases performance in GbE networks Ethernet Ring Protection Ethernet ring protection switching per G.8032v2 RSTP (Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol) and MSTP (Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol) per IEEE 802.1D Link resiliency for high survivability and service continuity 50-ms failure detection and switchover to the alternate link without service interruption Link Aggregation Link aggregation per 802.3ad with configurable LACP Up to 8 LAGs Up to 8 ports in LAG Provides increased bandwidth and high availability links LACP ensures smooth and steady traffic flow by automating the configuration and maintenance of aggregated links Terminal Server and Serial Tunneling Embedded terminal server Transparent serial tunneling Connects multiple devices with serial interfaces over IP Provides point-to-point or point-to-multipoint transparent serial tunneling PoE Configurable PoE (enable/disable and force mode) 30W max per port Max 120W per device for 48 VDC power supply or 220 VAC Max 80W per device for 24V DC power supply Easily feeds third party equipment or peripheral devices such as IP cameras, using power over Ethernet SecFlow-2/4 can feed RAD’s Airmux outdoor device eliminating the need for an Airmux indoor unit

17 SecFlow2013 Slide 17 SecFlow-2/4 v3.1 Main Features FeaturesDescriptionCustomer Benefits Access Control List Access control lists according to Layer-2, -3 and -4 criteria Enhanced ACL mechanism to filter user traffic according to variety of traffic criteria Better security and control on authorized traffic Network Management SNMP: V1,V2,V3 (V3 only in SecFlow-2) RADview SecFlow Network Manager SSH: V2.0 CLI RADIUS, TACACS TFTP Client Syslog, SNTP SecFlow-2 can be managed by a variety of management tools including: CLI, WEB interface and RADview SNMP-based management system SecFlow-2 can also be managed by SecFlow Network Manager, integrated in the RADview EMS server, to provide an end-to-end management system Switching Auto Crossing Autonegotiation per IEEE 802.3ab Port-based Network Access Control (PNAC) per IEEE 802.1x MAC list VLAN segregation tagging per IEEE 802.1q, 4K VLANs Multicast Groups IGMP snooping v1,v2,v3 MAC limiting per port LLDP, DHCP client, DHCP relay, option 82 Set of Layer-2 features for traffic management and security

18 SecFlow2013 Slide 18 SecFlow-2/4 Main Features FeaturesDescriptionCustomer Benefits Timing Local time settings NTP v2 PTP transparent clock per 1588v2 Flexible clock distribution and network synchronization based on different clock sources Routing IPv4 Static routing OSPF v2, v3 RIPv2 A single-box solution that provides both Layer-2 features and Layer-3 routing capabilities Diagnostics Counters and statistics per port LED diagnostics: main switching units (Alarm |Run | Ethernet) LED diagnostics: application interfaces (Cellular | Serial ) Ping Trace route Port mirroring RMON v1 Provides extensive diagnostic tools to assist operators in fault monitoring

19 SecFlow2013 Slide 19 Legacy Migration Integrated serial interfaces in switches with 3 operational modes –Tunneling between serial segments Byte / Bit-stream Multipoint support Service-aware security for serial tunnels –Gateway connecting serial devices to matching Ethernet devices Currently supports IEC-101 to IEC-104 –Terminal Server connecting a computer to serial devices RS-232/RS-485 link Ethernet link Serial Tunnel Gateway service SecFlow 2

20 SecFlow2013 Slide 20 Protocol Gateway IEC-101 to IEC-104 conversion using protocol gateway functionality IEC 104 UDP/IP SSH (T. Server) Serial Master 1 Remote Site B Central Site PSN Serial Master 2 SCADA RS-232 Console V.Com port IEC104 LAN IEC 101 Remote Site A IEC 104 IEC 101 RTU SecFlow 4 SecFlow 2

21 SecFlow2013 Slide 21 Cyber Security Threats to Utilities Distributed SCADA IPS Deployment –Role-based validation of SCADA commands –Deployment at each end-point –Used for both IP & Serial devices Attack vector Control-Center malware Field-site breach Man-in-the-Middle Remote maintenance Security Measure Service-aware firewall Distributed firewalls Encryption Secure remote access

22 SecFlow2013 Slide 22 SecFlow 4 Distributed Firewall SCADA-aware firewall for Modbus and IEC 101/104 IEC 104 UDP/IP SSH (T. Server) 104 Client Modbus Client Remote Site B Central Site PSN SCADA IEC 101 ID 11 Remote Site A Modbus NMS Modbus Modbus RTUs Modbus ASDU1 ASDU2 ASDU3 IEC 101 ID 12 ID 13 Modbus RTU SecFlow 2

23 SecFlow2013 Slide 23 Security Features 802.1X – IEEE Standard for port-based Network Access Control (PNAC), authentication and protection against DoS attacks Access Control List – Traffic filtering according to layer 2/3/4 criteria RADIUS and TACACS+ based centralized user authentication and authorization L2/L3 VPN, using IPSEC encryption –User policy for traffic type, IKE, AES or 3DES encryption, dynamic key Secure Telnet access, using SSH SCADA firewall per port (Modbus, IEC-104, DNP3.0)

24 SecFlow2013 Slide 24 Integrated Defense-in-Depth Tool-Set Advanced security measures integrated in the switch using a dedicated service-engine Enable easy deployment of an extensive defense-in-depth solution

25 SecFlow2013 Slide 25 Multi-Service Transport Utility networks do not have 100% fiber connectivity SecFlow switches support alternative transport infrastructures –GPRS/UMTS – Cellular coverage with 2 operators –Radio links using RAD’s Airmux wireless solution –SHDSL – Private copper lines * Used with integrated security mechanisms Private ETH Network Private ETH Network Internet SecFlow 2 *roadmap

26 SecFlow2013 Slide 26 Resilient Cellular Connection to Remote Sites GPRS/UMTS support Link resiliency using 2 SIM cards with continuous check of operator link quality Multiple remote spokes connecting to Hub over encrypted IPSec tunnels –NHRP used for dynamic IP address resolution assigned to cellular spokes –L2 VPN using transparent GRE tunnels over IPSec –L3 VPN using DMVPN WAN FO | Cellular LAN

27 SecFlow2013 Slide 27 Applications

28 SecFlow2013 Slide 28 Smart-Grid Distribution Network Modern secondary sub-station requiring: –Encrypted tunnels when using a public network –Firewall for uplink protocols (IEC 104, IEC 61850, Modbus) –Gateway for serial IEDs SecFlow switch integrates all the functions “New intelligent MV-LV* transformation centres with metering, power monitoring and capacity automation” RTU Power Monitoring Meters Concentrator Secondary Sub-Station Network ( Secondary Sub-Stations) Cellular Antenna Automation Control Center Metering Data Center SecFlow 2 Smart Meters *Medium Voltage/Low Voltage

29 SecFlow2013 Slide 29 Migration to IP-based SCADA at Sub-stations Connectivity of sub-station devices to new IP-based SCADA –Per-site firewall for industrial automation protocols –Secure terminal server for maintenance sessions –Encrypted tunnels when using wireless links –Serial to ETH protocol gateway Control Center Sub-Station RS-232 IEC-101 ETH IED IP SCADA LAN Management RTU Ring Sub-Station

30 SecFlow2013 Slide 30 Connecting the Sub-station LANs – Current Status Network Limitations SCADA direct access to S.S. IEDs Field technician access to: –Other sub-stations –Central storage –Facility RTU Remote technician access to RTUs and IEDs in all S.Ss Data-sharing between S.Ss Need a unified sub-station LAN with secure inter-site connectivity SDH/Packet Network Sub-Station Control Center Sub-station IEDs SCADA Storage Sub-station RTU Field Technician Remote Technician Internet Facility RTU

31 SecFlow2013 Slide 31 SecFlow 4 Connecting the Sub-station LANs – Future Evolution Use a secure switch connecting the LAN devices to the backbone Network segmentation using VLANs/Subnets App-aware firewall per-device Secure remote access Serial-to-ETH protocol gateway SDH/Packet Network Sub-Station Control Center Field Technician Remote Technician Internet Sub-station IEDs Sub-stat. RTU Facility RTU SCADA Storage

32 SecFlow2013 Slide 32 Metro Subway Control Network Metro subway control applications require communication with smart devices in each station –Ethernet access switches connected to IP/MPLS backbone using VLANs as service ID –Mixture of Ethernet, Serial & Discrete devices with secure access using a distributed ModBus firewall –Secure mobile access from trains to control center using distributed device authentication methods IP/MPLS Backbone Control Center Metering Data Center RTU IED SecFlow switches build a secure subway network

33 SecFlow2013 Slide 33 Smart/Safe City End Points Communication Compact Industrial switch for Smart/Safe-city cabinets –Ethernet with PoE –Serial and discrete I/O ports for simple automation devices –Diverse means of communication: Integrated dual-SIM cellular modem Fiber Optic with protected Ring Support (G.8032) SHDSL* –Integrated security mechanisms IPSec VPN SCADA firewall P2P & P2MP Radio FO Dual 2G/3G Communications WiFi* Tamper Switch RS-232 ETH PoE ETH Dry Contact Display Board SecFlow 2 *roadmap PSN

34 SecFlow2013 Slide 34 ETH Ring Case Study of a Highway Security Infrastructure – Italy Autostarda ETH Ring 1588 Clock Central Site Ring 1 Ring 6 Ring 7 Ring 12 RS-232/485 Remote Site Traffic Control Security Cameras Tetra Base Stations Message Boards PoE 1588 clock sync QoS RS-232/485 Remote Site Traffic Control Security Cameras Tetra Base Stations Message Boards PoE 1588 clock sync QoS

35 SecFlow2013 Slide 35 Ordering Options SecFlow-2 Two ordering options: –Advanced mode – SecFlow-2 is provided with security features, routing, switching and gateway functionalities. –Basic mode – SecFlow 2 is provided with switching and gateway functionality only. Limited ordering options and cannot upgraded to advanced mode ModePNDescription Basic SF2/B/AC/2GE8UTP/PoEAC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT ports, PoE on 8 UTP ports SF2/B/48VDC/2GE8UTP/PoE48 VDC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT ports, PoE on 8 UTP ports Advanced SF2/S/48VDC/2GE8UTP48 VDC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT UTP ports SF2/S/AC/2GE8UTP/PoEAC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT ports, PoE on 8 UTP ports SF2/S/AC/2GE8UTP/PoE4AMAC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT ports, PoE on 4 UTP ports for Airmux products SF2/S/48VDC/2GE16UTP48 VDC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 16×10/100BaseT UTP ports SF2/S/48VDC/2GE8UTP8SFP48 VDC power supply, 2×GbE SFP ports, 8×10/100BaseT UTP ports, 8 ×100 FX SFP

36 SecFlow2013 Slide 36 Ordering Options SecFlow-2 PNDescription Chassis SF4/48VDCRSecFlow-4 chassis, central processing and management module, dual 48 VDC power Supply SF4/24VDCRSecFlow-4 chassis, central processing and management module, dual 24 VDC power Supply Modules SF4-M-4GBE-USecFlow-4 module with four 10/100/1000BasteT UTP Ethernet ports SF4-M-4GBE-POESecFlow-4 module with four 10/100/1000BasteT UTP Ethernet ports and 30W PoE SF4-M-4GBE-SSecFlow-4 module with four 10/100/1000BasteFx SFP Ethernet ports SF4-M-4RS232SecFlow-4 module with four RS-232 serial ports SF4-PS-24VDC24 VDC power supply SF4-PS-48VDC48 VDC power supply

37 SecFlow2013 Slide 37 Management RADview-EMS is a unified carrier-class management platform for RAD devices using a variety of access channels as SNMPv1/3, HTTP/S, TFTP and Telnet/SSH. In addition, it features third-party device monitoring capabilities

38 SecFlow2013 Slide 38 Management, Benefits & Features ● Turnkey system including hardware and software! ● Fully compliant with TMN standards ● Client/server architecture with multi-user support ● Interoperable with third-party NMS and leading OSS systems ● IBM Tivoli’s Netcool®/OMNIbus™ plug-in ● Minimize integrations costs associated with new NE Benefits ● Ensures device health and congestion control ● Topology maps and network inventory ● Advanced FCAPS functionality ● Software & configuration management ● Business continuity - High-Availability and Disaster Recovery ● Handover between operators Key features

39 SecFlow2013 Slide 39 RADview-EMS advanced FCAPS Detects and isolates faults in network devices, initiates remedial actions and distributes alarm messages to other management entities in the network. Fault management Enables operators to configure, install and distribute software to all devices across the network. In addition, the system tracks version changes and maintains software configuration history Configuration management Manages individual and group user accounts and passwords, generating network usage reports to monitor user activities. Accounting management Supports real-time monitoring of QoS and CoS, producing real-time and periodic statistics. The statistics collector compresses data to minimize bandwidth use for management traffic and exports CSV files to OSS or third-party management systems Performance management Allows network administrators to track user activities and control the access to network resources with a choice of security features Security management

40 SecFlow2013 Slide 40 Device Management ● SNMP v1, v2, v3 (v3 only in SF-2) ● CLI ● WEB ● SNTP ● RADIUS ● TACACS ● TFTP ● Syslog SecFlow-2/4 Device Management SecFlow-2/4 Device Management

41 SecFlow2013 Slide 41 RADview – SecFlow Network Manager SecFlow Network Manager is an End-to-End network management of the SecFlow devices featuring: –Automatic discovery of SecFlow network switches –Network topology management –End-to-end service provisioning –Security rules configuration –Aggregated network fault monitoring –Network performance analysis –Operator authorization levels

42 SecFlow2013 Slide 42 Thank You For Your Attention

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