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Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved.siemens.com/ruggedcom How to Achieve Flexibility by Combining New Protocols and New Hardware Concepts Innovation in Substation Ethernet Networks
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 2 Advantages of Digital Substation & Smart Grid Digital Substation Improved measuring accuracy & performance Increased safety & lower environmental impact Improved cost of ownership by elimination of copper wires Smart Grid Improved reliability & efficiency Enabling of renewables & cleantech apps Increased consumer engagement
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 3 The Drivers – Digital Substation and Smart Distribution Grid Communication Requirements & Goals Fully digital high voltage substations and smart distribution grid require robust, reliable, secure and flexible communications infrastructure. Smart Grid implies replacement of analogue signals, large amount of copper wires and legacy systems by transition to digital data transmission over standard Ethernet and IP communications. The long term goal is to reduce costs while increasing efficiency by migrating all operational services and mission-critical applications to use a unified all-IP communications network.
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 4 The Challenge - Need for Flexibility in Substation Ethernet Networks The Challenge Move the Utility communications network to make digital substations and smart distribution grid real, without: Making current operating capital investments obsolete A massive investment in new technology, procedures and training Expanding physical facilities.
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 5 The Challenge - Evolution Path From the Legacy Environment to the Future The Solution Introduce new technology that provides utilities with a simple, cost-effective evolutionary path. This technology should allow customers to handle higher data rates, adopt new standards and meet new regulatory requirements; Gracefully, in a deliberate, controlled manner Without massive “forklift upgrades” Without battles for rate increases Solution must be flexible, future-proof, robust, with a low-cost of ownership, high-density and handle gigabit speed.
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 6 Reliability – Extremely Rugged Hardware and Resilient Software Utility Grade Requirements – a standard of today Fully IEC Compliant IEEE 1613 Class 2 performance No mechanical rotating parts Extended operating temperature: -40 to +85°C High reliability: MTBF > 1,000,000 hours High availability: > % Immunity to extreme EMI Immunity to extreme environmental conditions Guaranteed Zero-packet-loss Cut-through, low latency, bumpless redundancy
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 7 Flexibility – Future-proof, Modular, Field Upgradable, Third-party APPS Ready Utility Grade Requirements – Recommendation for the future Powerful Gigabit cut-through switching fabric High density, modular design, field upgradability or/and hot-swappability Universal module design to allow increased processing capacity or upgrades to future hardware/software interfaces Interchangeability of modules between members of same product platform Application processing capability with programming API Rich set of legacy interfaces – serial, timing IOs, etc. Rich set of L2, L3 protocols and software features Embedded cyber security features
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 8 IEEE1588 Precision Time Sync Substation LAN (Ethernet) Precision Time Sync IEEE 1588 v2 precision timing protocol over Ethernet Synchronize substation IEDs to sub microsecond accuracy Accurate time stamping of system events and data Migration strategy by deploying IEEE1588 capable network and doing local conversion to legacy timing protocols such as IRIG-B or PPS Critical future applications such as Synhcrophasors or Process Bus that require precision time sync
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 9 Enhanced Redundancy High Availability Ethernet: IEC Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP) Guaranteed Zero-Packet-Loss™ for any single point of failure HSR/PRP included in IEC for mission critical substation networks
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 10 RUGGEDCOM Most Comprehensive Solution RUGGEDCOM RSG2488 The RSG2488 is innovation in the field of utility grade switching in a robust, cost-effective 1U form factor. The RSG2488 offers 28 non-blocking 1Gig ports 100M & Gig ports can be mixed (granularity = 2) Fiber & copper can be mixed (granularity = 2) IEEE1588 (PTP) GM, BC, TC, OC Legacy timing IO interfaces (GPS, IRIG-B, PPS) Increased Network Availability Reduced Sparing Costs Minimal Time To Repair Lowest Overall Cost Of Ownership
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 11 RUGGEDCOM Most Comprehensive Solution RX1500 Multi-Service Platform Modular Layer 2 and Layer 3 Switch and Router Field replaceable modules, hot-swap power supplies Interchangeable modules between all different RX15xx product family High immunity and emissions ratings WAN – T1/E1, EVDO, HSPA, Frame Relay, PPP Routing – OSPF, BGP, RIP, VRRP, MPLS Serial Server – RS232 / 422 / 485 Application Processing Engine Wide selection of port interfaces including M12
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 12 Smart Grid Apps 3 rd Party Applications: Utilities System Integrators Engineering Firms Consultants RUGGEDCOM APE Line Module Intel Atom E660 1GB DDR2 (up to 2GB supported) 8GB SATA (up to 16GB supported)
Unrestricted / © Siemens AG All Rights Reserved Page 13 Conclusions – Innovation to Achieve Flexibility for Utility Communications Highly reliable rugged hardware for utility environments Flexible, modular, field upgradable and hot-swap design Security against cyber attack System wide time synchronization ( < 1us) Superior redundancy with guaranteed zero-packet-loss Support for advanced and critical applications (e.g. Synchrophasors, Process Bus, Teleprotection, Line Differential) Support for IEC 61850, SCADA, DA, AMI and Mobile Workforce Support for L3 protocols and multiple WAN interfaces Support for Legacy interfaces Media conversion and protocol translation Application processing engine
Infrastructure M A Wajid Tanveer
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