Presentation on theme: "Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 2,345 military personnel and 57 civilians were killed. President Roosevelt documented this day as a "date."— Presentation transcript:
Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 2,345 military personnel and 57 civilians were killed. President Roosevelt documented this day as a "date that will live in infamy." December 7, 1941: Star Bulletin publishing story of the attack on Pearl Harbor. December 7, 1941: Photograph of the attack. On this Sunday, I went to church and then me and some friends were going to go to this swell new joint. We heard about the attack over the car radio and were all so shocked and spooked, we turned around and went home.
December 8, 1941, The News and Observer publishes that Japan declares war on the U.S.
Declare War December 8, 1941-United States declared war on Japan. December 11, 1941 -Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S. December 8, 1941, President Roosevelt signed a declaration of war against Japan.
My Husband: Jacob Stanley Enlisted in 1943 Sent to Rome Italy and served 24 months as Sergeant Classification Specialist 4 months as S-SGT Personnel Sergeant Major He was honorably discharged in1946 Dear Jacob, I miss you so much. The days are long but I’m doing my best to keep up and help with the war effort here at home. Sometimes I’m afraid something might have happened to you and look forward to every letter I receive from you. I hope this letter doesn’t take months to get to you like the last one did. Food rations are down and prices are high but I’m lucky its just me here at home to pay for. Your family is just swell and they miss you. Come home safe so we can get all decked out and be-bop all night long. Love Your Baby, Alice
Poster advertising rationing for the war effort.
Battle of the Coral Sea In May 1942, a largely American naval group engaged a superior Japanese fleet in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia. The five-day battle cost both sides more than half their planes. It was the first naval combat carried out entirely by aircraft. May 13 th 1942: Political Cartoon showing Uncle Sam placing crosses for the major carriers that went down. When I read about the deadly naval battles using aircrafts I became even more worried for my dearest friend Gertrude. She wasn’t allowed to fight in combat but anything could happen.
Battle of Midway June 4, 1942 War planes surprised Japans carriers at a vulnerable time while they were refueling planes and loading them with bombs. USS Yorktown hit by Japanese aerial torpedo, June 4, 1942 Letter from student David Johnson Dear Mrs. Stanley, June 5, 1942 I’m so excited to be writing you. Seems like just yesterday I told you I was shipping out. Tell your current students that a previous student of yours was just yesterday fighting the Japanese near Midway Island. Under the command of Joseph Rochefort, we sank all four Japanese carriers and took down hundreds of planes. I hope this letter reaches you. Your Favorite Student, Dave David Johnson
D-Day June 6, 1944 – American troops invaded German defenses on the beaches of Normandy, and British and American soldiers parachuted behind enemy lines. Despite heavy casualties, within a week a half million men had come ashore and by July 2 million troops. June 6, 1944: American Troops attacking at NormandyJune 7, 1944: The New York Times: Allied Armies Land in France.
Anti-Semitism in the News The New York Times: November 11, 1938, Nazis Burn Jewish shops and temples November 11, 1938: The Houston Post: Nazi Germany Threatens to Exterminate Jews Anti-Semitism is used to describe discrimination or hostility, often violent, directed at Jews. Jews were forced to wear the star of David on them so everyone would know they were Jewish.
Jewish prisoner being shot into a mass grave in 1942. Starving prisoners who were liberated May 5, 1945. The Jewish holocaust in Germany killed approximately 67% of the Jewish population. Along with the American public, I was shocked and disgusted at the crimes against humanity that had been occurring in Europe. Child survivors of the Holocaust filmed during the liberation of Auschwitz concentration camp by the Red Army. January, 1945
Time Magazine May 7, 1945 Some Americans were putting their heads in the sand and ignoring the evils that were taking place. That Hitler is bad business. I almost chucked up when I first heard of how he was rubbing out all those Jews in such gruesome ways.
By the war’s end, about 350,000 American women had volunteered for military service. Officials agreed to use women in almost all areas except combat. Clerks Typists Airfield control tower operators Mechanics Photographers Drivers Gertrude disappeared in the Los Angeles area in1944, in her powerful P-51-D Mustang. She was the last missing member of the Women Air force Service Pilots (WASP), a para- military group that flew and delivered combat aircrafts around the country. My Best Friend Gertrude Tompkins I myself contributed to the war effort frequently by knitting scarves and socks and rolling bandages for the Red Cross. Dear Alice, I miss you and everyone back home so much. Hope all is well. I just returned from flying an aircraft from Europe to the states. Each day is becoming a blur and I can’t wait to be safe at home. I plan on coming back sometime next year. You'll have to take me to the movies right away and find me a dreamboat of a guy. Love, Gert Gertrude’s badge.
1943 Poster. Females were taken out of regular traditional jobs and took up the jobs males normally did.
Presidents President Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945 President Truman was sworn in as President immediately. President Truman at 1945 UN Conference Newspaper publishing President Roosevelt’s death
Battle of Iwo Jima One of the bloodiest battles In November 1944 American bombers began to pound Iwo Jima from the air. In mid-February 1945, marines stormed the beaches. After three days of combat, the marines had barely advanced. America suffered an estimated 25,000 casualties. A photo of servicemen raising the United States flag on Mt. Surabachi symbolizes the struggles and sacrifices of American troops during World War II. A month later, I learned that my beloved student David was one of the many who lost their lives at Iwo Jima. I like so many other Americans will never forget what those men risked for our country.
August 6, 1945: The United States drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Aug. 9th.
“Little Boy” on Hiroshima “Fat Man” on Nagasaki Much of Hiroshima was destroyed. Three days later Nagasaki was bombed. On August 14 th, the government of Japan accepted the American terms for surrender. It was signed on September 2 nd 1945. The long and destructive World War II has finally come to an end. Photo of “Little Boy” Photo of “Fat Man” I knew that this was the dawn of an entirely new era of warfare.
Victory in Japan Day 1945: The war is over. Me and the girls all celebrated down at the dive and had a little fling with some choice men. Newspaper reads “Japan gives up”