Presentation on theme: "Cold War DBQ Outside of U.S and U.S.S.R The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II."— Presentation transcript:
Cold War DBQ Outside of U.S and U.S.S.R The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their respective and emerging alliance partners. Although the Cold War affected the U.S. and USSR, their allies and the “Third World” also experience dramatic changes and effects. Both sides aided in “proxy wars” throughout the globe
Senator Wayne Morse, one of only two senators to vote against the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the president…war-making powers in the absence of a declaration of war. Usually its congress which declares war(Viet Nam)
Winston Churchill (March , Westminster College Missouri Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest, and Sofia, all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in what I must call the Soviet sphere That iron curtain once again
President Harry Truman, 1947 policy of the United States to support free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures All of this serves as a pretext for economic aid, proxy wars or supporting favorable leaders
-Joseph Stalin (Soviet Leader speech 1946 A freely elected government in any of the Eastern European countries would be anti- Soviet and we cannot allow that. Soviet political policy of choosing Communist leaders from Moscow’s Politburo (Kremlin)
Ayatollah Khomeini, supreme ruler of Iran after 1979 REvolution (speech to the faithful) Iran’s evolution topples the Western Backed leader Shah Reza Pevlavi who often limited Shiite religious freedoms in the place of Western education for women, style dress and consumerism (for oil)
Jewaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India, 1956 India was a member of the non-allignment nations who did not wish to side with 1 st or 2 nd worlds for fear of conflict. witnessed two tragedies which have powerfully affected men and women all over the world. These are the tragedies in Egypt (Suez Crisis) and Hungary (1956 Revolution). But even these tragedies have one hopeful aspect, for they have demonstrated that the most powerful countries cannot revert to old colonial methods or impose their domination over weak countries.
John F. Kennedy, Oct. 22, 1962 Cuba had been an ally of the Soviet Union after its Revolution and the Soviet response to U.S Missiles in Turkey was the positioning of them in Cuba (15 miles form the U.S) has maintained the closest surveillance of the Soviet military buildup on the island of Cuba. Within the past week, unmistakable evidence has established the fact that a series of offensive missile sites is now in preparation on that imprisoned island
George C Marshall Secretary of State, Speech to Congress 1947 The Marshall plan was an attempt at economically financing post WWI countries to keep them capitalist and democratic Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of working economy in the world so as to permit the emergence of political and social conditions in which free institutions can exist…
What do these cold war inventions have top do with areas outside the U.S? VelcroCalculators Microwave ovenArpanet MicroprocessorTeflon Communication satellitesNumerous plastics Bar codesSatellite dishes SupercomputersGPS systems Smoke detectorsWeather prediction Technology in the argument for capitalism. It breeds competitiveness Innovation and “improvements”. From tactical (military purpose) To practical ( everyday purpose) in “Western” areas
U.S. Department of the Treasury Cuban Assets Control Regulations July, 1963 Part of the U.S embargo on Cuba for expropriating U.S held businesses no products, technology, or services may be exported from the United States to Cuba, either directly or through third countries, such as Canada or Mexico. Importing Cuban-Origin Goods or Services-Goods or services of Cuban origin may not be imported into the United States either directly or through third countries, such as Canada or Mexico. The only exceptions are publications, artwork, or other informational materials Why informational materials (U.S. propaganda?)
Soviet Ambassador to People’s Republic of Angola in a memo, 1975 Soviet would financially support favorable governments in Africa like the Congo, Mozambique and Angola.
Missing Voice Gamel Nasser of Egypt whose nationalization of the Suez canal would prove a battleground as he accepted aid by both the “West” as well as the Soviet Union Anastasio Samoza the U.S backed dictator of Nicaragua or Augusto Pinochet of Chile who arrested dissenters and ruled abusively and with impunity Shah Reza Pevlavi who nationlized Iran’s oil but was U.S backed due to theocratic rule in Iran and the 1979 revolution toppling his leadership and installing theocratic rule Osama Bin Laden whose Mujahadeen was financially supported by the U.S against the war with the Soviets to illustrate the shifting sides of the cold war