Presentation on theme: "The Fabulous Fifties Unit 5 HUSH. The Mood of the 1950s After WWII, many Americans were blessed with wealth, success, and leisure. Conformity seemed the."— Presentation transcript:
The Mood of the 1950s After WWII, many Americans were blessed with wealth, success, and leisure. Conformity seemed the order of the day. –Even the suits were the same! The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit
The American Dream The ‘American Dream’ came true for many people in the postwar years For millions of Americans the 1950’s meant peace and prosperity –American life was characterized by a home in the suburbs and a car in the garage However, this high standard put pressure on many Americans to live up to the ‘Joneses’ Father Knows Best
Technology Transforms Life Television Computers- transistors Nuclear Power Advances in Medicine
GI Bill Formally known as the “Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944” Offered low interest loans for new homes –WWII veterans benefited from the legislation Created a new phenomena –Suburbia
Changes in the Workforce By 1956 a majority of American workers held white-collar jobs Growth of the service industry Blue-collar workers saw improved working conditions American Federation of Labor and Congress of industrial Organizations merged into the AFL-CIO
Consumer Credit Grows Credit cards, used to charge goods and services Diner’s Club, 1950 American express BankAmericard (VISA)
Challenges to Conformity Music: Rock and Roll – Elvis Presley Films: Rebel Without a Cause Books: The Catcher in the Rye The “Beat Generation”
The Beat Generation The Beat movement began in the early 1950's with a small and tightly connected group of young writers who demonstrated a care-free, often reckless and unquestionably fresh approach to literature as well as a demonstrative social stance toward what was sometimes referred to as "The Establishment The term "beat" bears connotations of down-beat, worn out, down-and-out, drop-out and beatitude.
Who were the “Beats”? The term “Beat” was reportedly coined by Jack Kerouac in the late 1940's, but became more common at about the time that writers like himself, Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti were beginning to get noticed. The term ‘beat’ soon gave this generation with a definitive label for their personal and social positions and perspectives. The most famous book by a Beat poet was On the Road by Jack Kerouac.
Beat Poetry The Beat Generation's poems had 5 major themes, or big ideas the poets thought were important. ·Rebellion/revolution ·Not fitting in/being on the fringe of society ·Exploration of self ·Exploration of words & ideas ·Search for enlightenment
“Domestic Politics and Policy” Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower used two different styles of leadership.
Election of 1948 Election of 1948 – Truman defeats Thomas E. Dewey Had to deal with a Republican Congress The nation moved to a peacetime economy
The Fair Deal The Fair Deal was the policy of social improvement of President Truman he outlined in his 1949 State of the Union Address It was an ambitious social and economic program concerning: –economic security –Conservation –housing –Civil rights –Health insurance –Education –And agriculture subsides
The Taft-Hartley Act -1947 The Taft-Hartley Act amended the Wagner Act which Congress had passed in during the New Deal in 1935. It severely restricted the activities and power of labor unions in the US –still largely in effect today
Dwight Eisenhower WWII hero and talented diplomat Modern Republicanism – “conservative when it comes to money, liberal when it comes to human beings.” Chose Richard Nixon’s as his VP –Checkers Speech Wins election in 1952 and 1956
Technology Challenge Soviet Union launched Sputnik in 1957 Americans afraid of nuclear attack National Defense Education Act of 1958 –Funded math and science classes for American students –Title II funds Still available today
“Demands for Civil Rights” Following WWII, African Americans began to push harder in the civil rights movement and brought about significant results.
The Struggle for Equality Truman supported civil rights Congress refused to act Truman ended discrimination in hiring federal employees Truman ordered an end to segregation in the armed forces
The Struggle for Equality Jackie Robinson – first African American in pro baseball Played for the Brooklyn Dodgers 1947, league’s most valuable player Opened the way for other African American athletes
Brown v. Board of Education May 1954 Supreme Court declared that “separate but equal” was no longer permissible in public education “separate facilities are inherently unequal” Struck down Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
Little Rock 1957 Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas The Governor posted National Guard to keep African American students out Eisenhower sent soldiers to protect the nine students
Montgomery Bus Boycott In 1955 Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man Boycott – African Americans did not ride the bus system until segregation on buses changed Martin Luther King, Jr. became spokesperson Supreme Court ruled bus segregation illegal
Businesses Reorganize Per capita income, the average income per person, increased from $1,526 to $2,788 Conglomerates, a large corporation that owns many smaller companies that produce entirely different goods and services Franchises, the right to open a restaurant using a parent company’s brand name and system