NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) 1948: Alliance b/w UK, France, Belgium, Netherlands, and Luxembourg 1949: NATO treaty signed, US joins 1952: Greece & Turkey 1955: West Germany SIGNIFICANCE: US NOW PLEDGED TO AN “ENTANGLING” ALLINCE
BATTLE FOR CHINA Jiang Jieshi (AKA Chiang Kai Check) vs. Mao Tse Tung Why did Mao and the Communist prevail? What were the consequences for the US internationally? What were the consequences for the US domestically?
Red Scare, McCarthysism, & HUAC ( House Un-American Activities Committee) Americans fear the global spread of communism 1947 Truman launches “loyalty” program 1948 Richard Nixon uses HUAC to “expose” Alger Hiss as a communist agent 1950 Senator McCarthy charges Dept. of State of being “infiltrated” with communists 1950 Truman vetoes McCarran Internal Security Bill 1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed for espionage 1951 Denis v. US, Supreme Court upholds sending 11 communists to prison for sedition
Election of 1948 TRUMAN V. DEWEY (v. WALLACE???) Dewey runs for Republicans. CAMPAIGN: against “High Tax Harry” & “Our Future Lies Before Us” Truman’s nomination splits Democrats. CAMPAIGN: Civil Rights, Labor benefits, health insurance Wallace runs for South and progressive/peace camp. CAMPAIGN: against “dollar imperialism” RESULT: Surprise win for Truman. Democrats also win back control of Congress.
COLD WAR HEATS UP… KOREA 1950 USSR backs Northern Communists US backs Southern Democrats Election results in N and S differ (surprise!!!) June 25, 1950 N invades S, crosses 38 th parallel First big test of Truman’s “containment doctrine” NSC-68: US increases defense $ by factor of 4 UN declares Korea a “police action” and Security Council condemns invasion UN and US send troops to support South