Presentation on theme: "Chapter 15. JFK, Stalin, Truman Post World War Tensions Cold War- era of high tension and bitter rivalry between US and USSR Iron Curtain- belief that."— Presentation transcript:
Post World War Tensions Cold War- era of high tension and bitter rivalry between US and USSR Iron Curtain- belief that communism had created a sharp division in Europe
Causes of Cold War Philosophical Differences- Democracy vs. Communism WWII Conflicts- Soviet front damages, US atomic bomb Postwar Conflicts- USSR refused to live up to wartime promises, US resists Soviet expansion
Containment- late 1940’s, US should resist Soviet attempts to expand its power and influence over others. Not just military force but aid to countries to defend them against Soviets. Put to test in 1947 in Greece George F. Kennan- American diplomat and expert on USSR. Created containment policy
Truman Doctrine- Policy of US to support free people who are resisting forced control by armed minorities or outside pressures Marshall Plan- June 1947, called for massive American aid to help Europe rebuild and get economy back. Stalin refused to help. Led to European economic upswing and USSR’s economy stalling
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization- April 1949 US and 6 other nations (Portugal, Norway, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Italy). New military alliance Attack against 1 is an attack against all (questions)
Post-War America GI Bill- Servicemen’s Readjustment Act “Government Issue”. June 1944- provided money for college or receive job training, gave loans for homes, farms, businesses Helped find work, provided unemployment
Baby Boom Two decades following WWII, dramatic rise in birthrate
Fair Deal- Truman, in tradition of New Deal, reform programs, health insurance and education funding. Universal Declaration of Human Rights- UN General Assembly 1948, set high goals for all member nations- all humans are free and equal (questions)
Fear of Communism ! House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)- Original purpose was to investigate the full range of radical groups in the US, including fascist and communists- eventually came to only investigate Communism.
Hollywood Ten- 1947, Hollywood writers, directors. 10 refused to answer questions about beliefs or those of their colleagues. Found guilty of contempt and blacklisted. Sen. Joseph McCarthy- Senator, fought against communism. Headed the HUAC McCarthyism- Sen. McCarthy’s tactic of making baseless charges and spreading fear of communism – tried to reveal communists in government agencies, brought them to committee (questions)
Korean War After WWII, US and USSR divided Korea between the two, Korea had previously been part of the Japanese Empire. 38 th Parallel- the dividing line between North Korea and South Korea as established by US and USSR. US control South of 38 th, USSR controlled north of 38th
Kim Il Sung- First leader of North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea). Sought to unify North and South under Communist control
Police Action- Military force, sent to Korea under United Nations. US never declared war Panmunjom- 1952, Negotiators met and argued over peace details while small- scale fighting claimed thousands.