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Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Problems  Economic Troubles Soldier Return Home  Tensions under Truman.

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Presentation on theme: "Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Problems  Economic Troubles Soldier Return Home  Tensions under Truman."— Presentation transcript:

1 Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Problems  Economic Troubles Soldier Return Home  Tensions under Truman

2 Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Solutions  G.I. Bill  Economic Controls 4 Taft Hartley Act 1947 –ended closed shop unions –right of employers to be exempted from bargaining with unions unless they wished –decreased union power –80 day “cooling off period” –TR - veto, Congress - override

3 Truman’s Domestic Presidency Post War Solutions Truman's Fair Deal Key Ideas: Expand on New Deal: Min. Wage/Full Employment SS Benefits increased to retired workers Housing Act to build for low income fams Civil Rights

4 Truman’s Domestic Presidency Election of ) Truman’s popularity low- 2.) Split in party/opposition a.) Dixiecrats- b.) Progressives- c.) Republicans- 3.) campaign- a.) Truman’s views- b.) 4.) Results:

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6 Truman’s Domestic Presidency 2nd Term & Accomplishments Accomplishments 1.) Civil Rights a.) b.) c.) 2.) Cold War- 3.) Presidential Succession Act

7 Eisenhower’s Domestic Presidency Election of Eisenhower’s credentials: –1. –2. –3. –4. –5. 4 Stevenson: 4 Results: defeats Stevenson 55%, first election with TV impact - ads 4 “I Like Ike” 4 WWII hero, helped end the Korean War, popular 4 1 st Repub since ??

8 Eisenhower’s Domestic Presidency Governing Style 4 Ran government like military, relied on advisors 4 conservative period begins 1950’s 4 Conformity vs. Rebellion will define the decade

9 Eisenhower’s Presidency Major Themes  1.) Moderate Republicanism  2.) Accomplishments  3.) Civil Rights- TBA

10 Postwar America 1950’s Economics effects Society Conglomerations - Oligopolies in Automobile industry effects society 4 more variety (auto somewhat of an exception) 4 more businesses 4 fast food, motels, drive ins 4 Interstate Highway Act 1956  Birth of Franchise » -McDonalds 4 “military industrial complex”

11 Postwar America Technological Advancement 4 A. Computers –Eniac 4 B. Nuclear Power 4 C. medical advances –Dr. Jonas Salk?

12 Postwar America 1950’s Society - Growth of Suburbia 4 Marriage promoted while divorce was scandalous 4 Baby Boom post WWII , height 1957, one baby every 7 seconds, 4.25 million 4 why?

13 Postwar America 1950’s Society 4 Move to the Suburbs 4 “Keeping up with the Jones’” 4 Social customs in the workplace - male dominance 4 The Man in the Grey Flannel Suit - book and film 4 women - home, mom – cult of domesticity returns 4 Dr. Benjamin Spock - Common Sense Book of Baby Care

14 Postwar America 1950’s Society - Technology & Entertainment (TV) Impact of Television 4 themes and characters 4 “vast wasteland” 4 live performances 4 boom to advertising industry 4 impact on radio, film

15 Postwar America 1950’s Society Consumer Society Created 4 chemical industry - new fabrics and cookware 4 electronics industry 4 recreational equipment - more leisure time

16 1950’s Society Consumerism 4 Increased use of credit 4 home mortgages, cars, appliances 4 Diner’s Club 1950, American Express private debt from $ b.

17 1950’s Society Consumerism Effects of Consumerism 4 “planned obsolescence” 4 wear out, out of date, stylistic changes 4 consumers urged to get the latest product - cars, clothes, etc 4 The “Affluent” Society

18 1950’s Society Conformity 4 Silent Generation 4 Rise of Religion 4 Gender Roles 4 Children’s Roles

19 1950’s Society Challenges to Conformity 4 Literature –- the beat movement, attacks materialism Jack Kerouac - On the Road Allen Ginsberg - Howl William Burroughs - heroin addiction -glorified –Grace Metalious - Peyton Place

20 1950’s Society Challenges to Conformity Music: –Radio and Rock and Roll “race music”, “devil’s music” (Blurred lines between black and white) radio’s role Elvis Presley, Little Richard, Chuck Berry, Bill Haley… –Jazz Examples

21 1950’s Society Challenges to Conformity 4 Film Industry –subjects that TV wouldn’t touch –poverty, race issues, rebellion –Rebel Without a Cause - James Dean

22 1950’s Society Challenges to Conformity 4 Cold War films –Invasion of the Body Snatchers –Dr. Strangelove –The Manchurian Candidate –Westerns: High Noon

23 1950’s Society Challenges to Conformity 4 Print Industry –Playboy - Hugh Hefner “girl next door” sexual barriers broken down –Cosmopolitan, McCall’s - women’s issues, advertisements


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