Presentation on theme: "Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls in the Workplace"— Presentation transcript:
1 Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls in the Workplace Presents:Preventing Slips, Trips and Falls in the WorkplaceIt’s the sudden stop that hurts!Dan Paul,Sr. Loss Prevention Consultant
2 Slip, Trip and Fall Accident Facts Slips, trips and falls account for 15-20% of all workers’ compensation costs.Slips, trips and falls account for nearly 25% of all serious disabling work injuries.The average direct cost of one disabling slip, trip and fall injury approaches $10,000. (Conservative estimates are that indirect costs may be as much as four times this amount)
3 Slip, Trip and Fall Accident Facts Most injuries are sprains and strainsThe back is the most frequently injured part of the body.Type of fall % Male % FemaleSame Level Falls 59% %Falls From Elevation 79% %
4 Significance of Falls In 1998, falls accounted for: 16,274 deaths 37% of fatalities16% of all work–related injuries in the United States11% of all low back pain claims and 12% of all low back pain costs were from same level slips & falls.
5 Significance of Slips & Falls Workers’ Comp Claims Cost FrequencyManual Material Handling % %Slips & Falls – Same Level % %Slips & Falls – Elevation % %Struck By/Against % %Repetitive Trauma % %Motor Vehicle Accidents % %From Liberty Mutual Research Center for Safety & Health
6 Same Level Falls Types of same levels falls include: Slips and fallTrips and fallStep and fallThese type of falls occur during:Routine walkingWalking on wet or slippery surfacesMaterial Handling
7 Same Level Falls Same level falls are the most frequent to occur. The injuries and costs associated with these incidents are not as great as for elevated falls.Parking lots account for 15% of all same level falls.60% of these falls are the result of walking on snow & ice.
8 Same Level Falls Same level falls are commonly caused by: Walking to fast or runningRapid changes in directionWet or slippery conditionsNot watching where we are goingInadequate housekeepingCarrying objects which obstruct our visionInadequate lightingFailure to use handrails
9 Same Level FallsCommon same level falls while working “outdoors” include:Falls while walking to and from buildingsFalls while working on uneven surfacesFalls while carrying freightFalls while fueling vehicles and equipmentFalls during times of inclement weather
10 Slip & FallSlips and falls are primarily caused by a loss in the traction between the shoe and the walking surface. The center of gravity is thrown out of balance resulting in a fall.Slips and falls occur when:The front foot slips forwardThe rear foot slips backwardThis is often compounded by wearing the wrong footwear.
11 Slip and FallMicro slips – Are less than 3 centimeters in length. Occur frequently when we walk and usually go undetected.Slip – Are from 3-10 centimeters in length. We are aware of the slip and instinctively take corrective action.Slide – Are greater that 10 centimeters in length. Caused by uncontrolled forward, backward or sideways movement and leads to falls.
12 Coefficient of Friction Coefficient of Friction (COF) is the amount of traction present between the footwear and the walking surface.A COF of .40 to .50 is needed for good traction.A brushed concrete floor and a rubber sole will often have a COF greater than 1.0A smooth surface such as ice and a leather sole may have a COF as low as .10.
13 Trip & FallTrips and falls occur when the front foot strikes an object and suddenly stops. The upper body is thrown forward and a fall occurs.As little as 3/8” rise in a walkway can cause a person to “stub” their toe resulting in a trip and fall.
14 Step & FallStep and falls occur when the front foot lands on a surface that is lower than expected. This causes the body to be thrown forward, often resulting in a fall.They also occur when we step forward or down, and the side of the foot lands on an object higher than the other side. The ankle turns and we fall forward or sideways.
15 Routine WalkingSlips and falls during routine walking occur when there is a loss in the traction between the shoe and the walking surface.The primary key to preventing slips and falls during routine walking is to:Wear appropriate footwearObserve the walking surfaceIdentify potential hazards such as holes, rocks, ice, water, etc. and walk around them whenever possible.
16 Slippery SurfacesWhen surfaces such as mud, snow, ice, water, oil, etc. are present:The COF is greatly reducedThe likelihood of slips and falls is greatly increased, particularly on stairs, ramps, slopes, parking lots and steel.Tripping hazards may not be visibleGround imperfections can be hidden
17 Snow and Ice Do not take flat surfaces for granted: Accident studies indicate that almost 80% of slips and falls due to snow and ice occur in parking lots or sidewalks.Be aware of your surroundingsSloped surfacesRoof drainsNorth side of buildings
18 Material HandlingEmployees who perform manual material handling tasks are exposed to not only back strains and sprains, but also slips, trips and falls.Slips, trips and falls can occur when:The freight being carried is so large it blocks your viewThere is not a clear pathway to be traveledThe walking surface is slippery or uneven
19 Material Handling Falls associated with material handling include: Falls on slick surfacesFalls from equipmentFalls from laddersFalls from docks and elevated work platformsFalls on stairs
20 Material HandlingUse a hand cart or other mechanical device whenever possible.Carefully observe walking surfaces to identify any holes, raised elevations, sloping surfaces or slippery surfaces that may be present.Do not carry loads that block your vision.
21 Material HandlingWhen using a cart to move material on ramps, push the cart up the ramp, and back the cart down the ramp. (It is more difficult to control a heavy load going down a ramp when you are above the load than when you are below the load)Take small steps rather than large ones, especially when working on slippery surfaces.
22 Same Level Falls - Prevention Wear proper footwearEvaluate your pathLook for obstacles such as rocks, holes, oil, water, cords or other debrisAvoid walking to fast or runningDon’t carry objects that block your viewUse hand rails when they are available
23 Elevated FallsElevated falls do not occur as frequently as same level falls. The resulting injuries and costs are however, usually greater.
24 Elevated Falls Common elevated falls in the workplace include: Falls from vehicles and equipmentFalls from laddersFalls from docks and elevated work platformsFalls on stairs
25 Falls From EquipmentAccidents happen in four major ways. These include:Jumping from the equipment.Losing balance when climbing onto or off of the equipment.Slipping as weight is transferred when climbing onto or off of the equipment.Packing or carrying items while climbing onto or off of the equipment.
26 Entering & Exiting Equipment When entering or exiting equipment you should:Make sure the climbing and landing surfaces are not slippery or rough due to snow, ice, oil, potholes, rocks, etc.Get a firm grip with your hand before stepping up (Not just your fingertips)Always face the vehicle (Climb out in the same manner you entered)Use the Three-Point System
27 Three-Point System The Three-Point System ensures that: Three limbs are in contact with the vehicle or equipment at all times.One hand and two feet, orTwo hands and one footAllows for maximum stability and supportShould be used when climbing onto or off of any piece of equipment.
28 Falls From LaddersFalls from ladders can usually be attributed to one of the following:Improper ladder placementFailure to secure the ladderCarrying materialsMissing or damaged rungsUneven ground or slippery surfacesReaching too farStanding on the top rung
29 Falls From Ladders Prior to using a ladder you should: Inspect the ladder for cracks or loose rungs.Ensure that feet are equipped with slip-resistant pads.Set the base of the ladder firmly so that it cannot slip or settle into soft ground. (Straight ladders should be secured to the object supporting them)Set straight ladders at, or as near as, a 4:1 angle as possible.
30 Falls From Ladders When using a ladder you should: Climb with both hands on the ladder. (Do not climb with objects in your hand)Never stand on the top three rungs of a straight ladder or the top two steps of a step-ladder.Always face the ladder when climbing or descending.
31 Falls From Docks & Elevated Work Platforms Common dock and elevated work platform hazards include:Slips and falls caused by wet or oily surfacesFalls from dock or platform edgesFalls caused by unsecured dock platesWhen working on docks and elevated work platforms, be aware of not only what you are doing, but what others around you are doing as well.
32 Falls From Docks & Elevated work Platforms When working on loading docks, you should:Walk, do not runStay away from dock or platform edgesBe aware of others working in the areaSecure moveable dock platesNot jump onto or off of the dock or platformNot indulge in horseplay
33 Falls on Stairs Falls on stairs are usually associated with: Missing or defective handrailsDefective treads and risersInappropriate tread width and riser heightDebris or liquid on treadsCarrying materials while ascending or descending the stairsNot using the handrail
34 Falls on Stairs When using stairs: Use the handrail for support whenever possible.Never run up or down the stairs.Don’t carry materials that block your view.Don’t jump from stairs.Avoid carrying heavy or bulky items that require the use of both hands, whenever possible.
35 Footwear Wear proper footwear. This means slip-resistant soles. Select shoes to fit the surface on which you are walking.The harder and smoother the bottom of the shoe, the more slippery it is.Leather soles tend to be very slipperySoft rubber soles generally provide better traction.When selecting work shoes, examine the coefficient of friction (COF) rating.
36 ReviewSlips, trips and falls account for 10-12% of all workers’ compensation costs?TrueFalseFalse: 15-20% of all workers’ compensation costs are related to slips, trips and falls.
37 D. None of the above – The back is the most commonly injured. ReviewWhich body part is the most commonly injured due to slips, trips and falls?A. ShoulderB. KneeC. HeadD. None of the aboveD. None of the above – The back is the most commonly injured.
38 False: Same level falls are the most frequent to occur. ReviewElevated falls are the most frequent to occur?TrueFalseFalse: Same level falls are the most frequent to occur.
39 Review When handling freight, slips, trips and falls can occur when: A. The freight being carried blocks your viewB. There is not a clear path to be traveledC. The walking surface is slick or unevenD. All of the aboveD - All of the above
40 ReviewElevated falls do not occur as frequently as same level falls but the resulting injuries are usually more severe.TrueFalseTrue – Fall from height injuries can lead to permanent disability or even death.
41 ReviewThe Three-Point Rule should only be used during time of inclement weather?TrueFalseFalse – The Three-Point Rule should be used whenever you enter or exit equipment or vehicles.
42 Review Falls from ladders are commonly the result of: A. Improper ladder placementB. Reaching too farC. Carrying materialsD. All of the aboveD. All of the above
43 Review When using stairs you should: A. Use the handrail for support whenever possibleB. Never run up or down the stairsC. Carry materials that block you viewD. All of the aboveA and B – Use the handrail whenever possible and never run up or down the stairs
44 B – Leather soles tend to be very slippery. ReviewWhich of the following is false?A. The harder and smoother the bottom of the shoe, the more slippery it is.B. Leather soles tend to provide good tractionC. Soft rubber soles tend to provide the best tractionD. All of the aboveB – Leather soles tend to be very slippery.
45 ReviewTo reduce the chance of same level slips, trips and falls you should:A. Inspect the walking surfaceB. Select proper footwearC. Walk with your hands in your pocketsD. Maintain a clean work environmentA, B & D – Walking with your hands in your pockets increases the likelihood of slips, trips and falls.
46 Thank You . . .Your participation has made this workshop a Great Success!