Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Can plants think? Do plants have a social life?. PHOTOSYNTHESIS: The starting point of life*

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Can plants think? Do plants have a social life?. PHOTOSYNTHESIS: The starting point of life*"— Presentation transcript:

1 Can plants think? Do plants have a social life?

2 PHOTOSYNTHESIS: The starting point of life*

3 1 st concept to know: Living things run on batteries. What is the battery? 1 st concept to know: Living things run on batteries. What is the battery?

4 We recharge ATP from sugar (glucose) …where does sugar come from?

5 Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) Molecule that provides life’s energy. –Works by popping of a phosphate group, releasing stored energy – 3 parts: AdenineRibose3 Phosphate groups

6 ADPATP Energy Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) + PhosphateAdenosine triphosphate (ATP) Partially charged battery Fully charged battery Section 8-1 Figure 8-3 Comparison of ADP and ATP to a Battery

7 An organism can either make its own food, or eat it. They are called autotrophs or heterotrophs

8 Nutrition

9 PHOTOSYNTHESIS: process which light energy is converted into sugar energy PBS interactive

10 Major Players in the Development of the Photosynthesis Equation …how did they each contribute? What where their results? Conclusions? Van Helmont: what ingredient makes up plants? Priestly: What are plant byproducts? Ingenhousz: Is light really that important?

11 Conclusion of scientists:

12 Leaf Cross section

13 Plants: Leaf Cross Section

14 Stomates and Guard cells

15 Plants review: Vascular Tissue: –Xylem, transports water –Phloem, transports food Gas intake: –Guard cells open forming STOMATES –Lenticels in bark

16 Absorption of Light by Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b VBGYOR Chlorophyll b Chlorophyll a Section 8-2 Figure 8-5 Chlorophyll Light Absorption

17

18 Chlorophyll, a green pigment, allows plants to absorb light energy. Energy absorption, however, must be consistent with allowable (basal to excited state) electron transitions within the chlorophyll molecule (click 1). Because these transitions are not continuous, a plant obtains energy only at certain frequencies of light. Energy insufficient to reach an excited state is not absorbed (click 1). Similarly, energy that drives an electron past one energy level but is insufficient to reach a second is not absorbed (click 1). To be absorbed, the energy must be sufficient to reach only allowable energy states (click 1). This simple rule of quantum physics is all you need to know to understand an absorption spectra of chlorophyll (click 1) Chlorophyll b Absorption Intensity Chlorophyll a excited states ground state 1 2

19 Chloroplast Anatomy

20

21

22 Chloroplast water O2O2 Sugars CO 2 Light- Dependent Reactions Calvin Cycle NADPH ATP ADP + P NADP + Chloroplast Section 8-3 Figure 8-7 Photosynthesis: An Overview

23 Photosynthesis H2OH2OH2OH2O CO 2 O2O2O2O2 C 6 H 12 O 6 Light Reaction Dark Reaction Light is Adsorbed ByChlorophyll Which splits water Chloroplast ATP and NADPH 2 ADPNADP Calvin Cycle Energy Used Energy and is recycled. + +

24 Hydrogen Ion Movement Photosystem II Inner Thylakoid Space Thylakoid Membrane Stroma ATP synthase Electron Transport Chain Photosystem IATP Formation Chloroplast Resources: Photosynthesis animation, VCAC Photosynthesis video, Mastering Biology Light-Dependent Reactions

25 ChloropIast CO 2 Enters the Cycle Energy Input 5-Carbon Molecules Regenerated Sugars and other compounds 6-Carbon Sugar Produced Section 8-3 Figure 8-11 Calvin Cycle

26 Comparison of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts Both have a large amount of internal membrane surface area. Both have their own ribosomes. Both have their own genomes. Both produce a large amount of ATP. Both derive energy for ATP synthesis from H + pumps. Both have a large amount of internal membrane surface area. Both have their own ribosomes. Both have their own genomes. Both produce a large amount of ATP. Both derive energy for ATP synthesis from H + pumps.

27 The mitochondrial genome (in humans) is about 16,000 nucleotides long. The chloroplast genome is about 10x the size of the mitochondrial genome. The mitochondrial genome (in humans) is about 16,000 nucleotides long. The chloroplast genome is about 10x the size of the mitochondrial genome.

28 Quick Quiz 1.What is the ultimate purpose of photosynthesis? 2.Where does the Calvin Cycle occur? 3.What is the purpose of water? 4.What is the purpose of light? 5.What is the primary raw ingredient of sugar? 6.Where do the Light-Dependent Reactions occur? 7.What makes the turbine spin that makes ATP? 8.What is the waste product of the Light-Dependent Reactions? 9.Why are plants green?

29 includes of take place in takes place in uses to produce use Section 8-3 Test yourself

30 Photosynthesis includes of take place in takes place in uses to produce use Light- dependent reactions thylakoidsenergy from sunlight ATPNADPHO2O2 Chloroplasts Section 8-3 Do Now Calvin cycle ATP NADPH High-energy sugars stroma


Download ppt "Can plants think? Do plants have a social life?. PHOTOSYNTHESIS: The starting point of life*"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google