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Celebration of the Hispanic – Latino- Indígena Community in Oregon Oregon Commission on Hispanic Affairs 1983 – 2013 – 30 Years of Service.

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Presentation on theme: "Celebration of the Hispanic – Latino- Indígena Community in Oregon Oregon Commission on Hispanic Affairs 1983 – 2013 – 30 Years of Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 Celebration of the Hispanic – Latino- Indígena Community in Oregon Oregon Commission on Hispanic Affairs 1983 – 2013 – 30 Years of Service

2 ♥ In September of 1968, the first proclamation by Lyndon B. Johnson designated the week including September 15th and 16th as National Hispanic Heritage Week. This was in recognition that five Central American neighbors celebrate their Independence Day on the fifteenth of September and the Republic of Mexico on the sixteenth. ♥ September 15th, 1821, is the day Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua achieved independence from Spain. ♥ In 1988, President Ronald Reagan expanded it to Hispanic Heritage Month covering a 31 day period (September 15th -October 15th). ♥ September 16th, 1810, is Mexican Independence Day. It is the most important national patriotic holiday in Mexico, the day they celebrate independence from Spain. ♥ Cinco de mayo became popular in the United States in the 1970’s (beer). National Hispanic Heritage Month Sept 15 – Oct 15

3 Puebla de Los Angeles – Angelopolis 1531 Puebla de Zaragoza - 1862

4 The Battle of Puebla May 5, 1862 Franco-Mexican War (1861-1867 Cinco de Mayo commemorates the Battle of Puebla of 1862, in which Mexican soldiers surprisingly defeated French forces trying to occupy the country. "Outnumbered, ill-equipped, and ragged, but highly spirited and courageous," the underdog Mexicans drove back the French on May 5, 1862, according to a U.S. House resolution about the day. The following year, however, Napoleon III sent troops to Mexico City, where they won an easy victory. Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian was installed as emperor, a title he held until his execution in 1867.


6 Convento Santa Rosa 16 th Century Dominican nuns Mole Poblano Cinco de Mayo May 5

7 Mexico was seeking independence from the Spaniards after they were forced into slavery for 300 years. A Roman Catholic Priest, Father Miguel Hidalgo, was a key player during Mexico's quest for independence. He gave a speech, known as "El Grito de Dolores," on September 15, 1810 to the people of Dolores, Guanajuato to encourage them in seeking independence and freedom. Father Hidalgo had a following of 90,000 poor farmers and Mexican civilians who united to rebel against the Spaniards. Father Hildalgo was captured and killed in 1811. After his death, two other freedom fighters led the fight to freedom. Mexico got independent from Spain in 1821. Their first presidential election took place two years later in 1823. Fr. Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla Mexican Independence Day Sept 16

8 Convento Santa Monica 1606 – Augustinian Recollect From Refuge to Religious Art Museum Chiles en Nogada Sept 16 El Grito Mexican Independence Day

9 Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz November 12, 1651 – April 17,1695



12 Latinos in Oregon by Lynn Stephen and Marcela Mendoza Latino America: State-By-State,Greenwood Publishing Company September, 2007 1500 Spain sent expeditions to the Northern coastal areas. 1800 The Oregon Territory becomes part of the U.S. in 1819. 1850s: Mexican mule packers supplied the Second Regiment Oregon Mounted Volunteers during the Rogue River War who fought against Oregon’s native peoples who were defending their territory. 1869. Mexican vaqueros bring up large herds of cattle that were driven up from California to eastern Oregon. 1910: By this year Oregon ranked seventh among states outside the Southwest with Mexican-born residents who came to work in farm production and on railroads 1910-1925: Mexican workers are contracted to work in Sugar Beats and on railroads in Portland, eastern Oregon and in other parts of the state. The first Mexican families settle permanently in the state.

13 1942-1947 More than 15,000 bracero workers come to the state to work in agriculture. Additional workers were employed on railroads. 1950s: Mexican and Mexican-American families settle in a several areas of the state 1955: Portland Catholic Archdiocese establishes a Migrant Ministry to serve the Mexican migrant population. In 1964 the name changes to Oregon Friends of Migrants 1964: First Fiesta Mexicana held by the Mexican committee Pro Fiestas Mexicanas in Woodburn, Oregon 2 1964: The Valley Migrant is formed. It is later known as Oregon Rural Opportunities (ORO) and ends in 1979

14 1971: The Commission for Chicano Affairs is established. In 1983, the group was renamed the Governor’s Commission on Hispanic Affairs, and created by legislative statute. OCHA is one of four Advocacy Commissions for Oregon, others support the Asian/Pacific Islander, Black, and Women constituents. 1973 Colegio César Chávez, the first Latino four-year college in the U.S. is created on the former campus of Mt. Angel College in Silverton, Oregon. It closes in 1983 1977 Willamette Valley Immigration Project opens in Portland then moves to Woodburn to protect and represent undocumented workers. 1979 Salud de la Familia Medical Clinic established in Woodburn, Oregon 1981 El Hispanic News begins publication 1985 Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Nordoeste (PCUN, Northwest Treeplanters and Farmworkers United) forms as Oregon’s only farmworker union.

15 1995 The Chicano/Latino Studies Program is established at Portland State University. 1996 CAUSA, Oregon Immigrant Rights Coalition is formed 2005: Latinos are registered by the U.S. Census as 9.9 percent of the state’s population. 2007, the Immigration raid at Del Monte Foods and detention of almost 300 people, catalyzes advocacy for the reform of immigration policies. 2010, the U.S. Census reveals 50 million Hispanics in this nation, About 11 million undocumented people. In Oregon, 450.000 Hispanic/Latino/Indígena people. Less than one third are undocumented. 2011, Governor Kitzhaber convenes working group to study Implications of Driver License restrictions. Group proposes a new Driver Card. 2013, Oregon Legislature votes and enacts key laws and policies on health, education, hate crimes, and the Driver Card



18 With 375,992 people, Clackamas County is the 3rd most populated county in the state of Oregon out of 36 counties. Lane County with 351,715 people and Marion County with 315,335 people are right behind you.Lane CountyMarion County In 2010, the median household income of Clackamas County residents was $62,007. Clackamas County households made slightly more than Columbia County households ($55,199) and Deschutes County households ($53,071).Columbia CountyDeschutes County However, 9.0% of Clackamas County residents live in poverty. The median age for Clackamas County residents is 40.6 years young. The largest Clackamas County racial/ethnic groups are White (84.5%) followed by Hispanic (7.7%) and Asian (3.6%). Clackamas County Demographics Summary

19 Hispanic/Latino/Indígena Orgs Oregon Latino Agenda for Action Oregon Hispanic Bar Association Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers Oregon Association of Latino Administrators Latino Health Coalition Network Oregon Latina Nurses Association Organización de Campesinos Indígenas de Oregón - OCIMO Oregon Child Development Coalition Oregon Human Development Corp. Rural Development Initiative Rural Organizing Project Hispanic Metro Chamber of Commerce Latino Alliance of Willamette Valley Hispanic Advisory Committee, City of Hermiston Hispanic Entrepreneurs, Rogue Valley Latino Network Centro Latinoamericano, Eugene Centro Cultural, Cornelius Latino Community Association Adelante Mujeres Una Voz Unida, Southern Oregon PCUN, CAUSA, UNETE Latino Union Leadership Network Diversified Builders, Engineers Council (DBEC) Hispanic Interagency Networking Team, Clackamas County

20 Paul J. De Muniz Retired Supreme Court Judge His was the first Hispanic Chief Justice in the history of the Oregon Supreme Court. He was elected to the court in 2000, and elected as Chief Justice in 2006. He won re- election in May 2006 for another six-year term on the state's highest court. De Muniz previously served on the Oregon Court of Appeals for ten years. After law school, De Muniz began a public legal career as a state deputy public defender and later as a special prosecutor for Douglas County, Oregon. He also was in private practice in Salem and in private practice, De Muniz was the primary attorney responsible for working to overturn the conviction of Santiago Ventura Morales’ murder conviction. Morales, a migrant farm worker from Mexico, was convicted in 1986 of killing a fellow farm worker. He was only given a Spanish interpreter to assist in the language barrier, however his primary language was Mixtec. On appeal it was shown that Morales was not the killer and he was released in a national watched incident. After release Morales was given a scholarship to the University of Portland and graduated with a degree in social work.

21 Elena Carter Richardson 1948-2006 Oregon Ballet Theatre In costume as Swanhilda in Copellia Born and raised in Mexico City, Mexico, and she trained at the Academia de Ballet de Coyoácan, before becoming principal dancer for Compania Nacional de Danza, and with Ballet Clássico. She later joined the Dance Theatre of Harlem and toured the world as a principal before taking time off to have children in 1982. She moved to Portland, Oregon, and became a principal in the Pacific Ballet Theatre and Oregon Ballet Theatre, served as a faculty member in the Performing Arts Program at Jefferson High School and at DaVinci Arts Middle School. Richardson was diagnosed with cancer in 2000 and succumbed to the disease in 2006.

22 Freda Casilla Audience Development Manager Oregon Shakespeare Festival Ashland, Oregon Freda is currently OSF’s Audience Development Manager.She is responsible for developing and managing the external marketing plan and strategy known as “Cultural Connections”. This strategy seeks to broaden the range of people who attend and engage with Oregon Shakespeare Festival via multicultural marketing and community engagement. She is also responsible for coordinating the biannual event, CultureFest which is a four day celebration of multi-ethnic cultures and the work on OSF’s stages. Freda has also been instrumental in creating the infrastructure for the internal and external diversity and inclusion initiatives at OSF including the Audience Development Manifesto.

23 Metropolitan Youth Symphony Maestro Andres Lopera Music Director

24 Marlene Yesquen Medford School Board Marlene Yesquen has joined the Law Office of Black, Chapman, Webber & Stevens as an associate. She received a J.D. from Lewis & Clark Law School in 2004 and a master’s degree in Public Administration from New Mexico State University in 2001. She also obtained a bachelor’s degree in Politics from Randolph-Macon Woman’s College. Marlene was born in Arlington, Virginia and raised by Peruvian parents. She is a native Spanish speaker. She has been appointed by Governor John Kitzhaber to the Early Learning Council for the state of Oregon to work on education reform. She is elected and serves as a board of director for the Medford School District. She sits on the board of the Community Health Center and was appointed to sit on the City of Medford’s Budget Committee. Marlene was selected to participate as a fellow of the American Leadership Forum of Oregon.

25 Indigenous Community - OCIMO 2004 If you are a farm worker in Oregon, you are indigena. Over 40% of recently arrived workers, families are from our communities Santiago Ventura, founder

26 States with high density Indigenous populations Chiapas Baja California Oaxaca Guerrero Veracruz

27 Communities & Languages in ORE Michoacan Mazahua Pu’repecha (Quechua) Tarasco Guerrero Amuzgo Mixteco Nahuatl Tlapaneco Copala Chiapas Chiapenel Chol Jacalteco Lacandon Mam Mocho Tacaneco Tectiteco Tojolabal Tzeltal Tzotzil Zoque Veracruz Huasteco Mazateco Maya Nahuatl Otomi Popoluca Tepehua Totonaca Nahuatl part of language group of the Pima, Comanche, Shoshone people in U.S. Jose Hernandez, astronaut and inventor of the full field digital mammograph is a well- known person of Pu’repecha descent

28 Indigenous Languages Most are written in pictographs as the Mixteco codices (left ) Borgia codices

29 Indigenous Community Values A territorial space Religious & belief systems & cosmovisions Health belief systems & practice A common history that moves from generation to the next generation A diverse autoctonous language system (non-Euro, or non - colonial language) A social, political, economic, civil and religion organization A community system that administers and enforces laws and justice (according to Floriberto Diaz, a Mixe Anthropologist from Oaxaca: Revista Chiapas)

30 OCHA Commissioners John Haroldson Lupita Maurer Prof Gilbert Carrasco Andrea Cano Judith Parker Carlos Perez Alberto Moreno Sen. Chip Shields Rep. Chris Harker Santiago Ventura Cynthia Gomez

31 OCHA Mandate The Commission is authorized by Oregon Revised Statute 185.310 - 185.330 to: 1. Monitor existing programs and legislation designed to meet the needs of Oregon’s Hispanic population. 2. Identify and research problem areas and issues affecting the Hispanic community and recommend actions to the Governor and the Legislative Assembly, including recommendations on legislative programs. 3. Maintain a liaison between the Hispanic community and government entities. 4. Encourage Hispanic representation on state boards and commissions. 5. Hold meetings to conduct its business.

32 Tasks Researches and collates data on issues pertinent to the Hispanic community. Focuses on a statewide context – from the rural, urban, suburban, and coastal regions—to identify current programs and determine what gaps exist in social services. Refers people to professionals—putting seekers of specific services together with the individual or organization most capable of meeting their needs. Monitors existing programs that affect the Latino community within state government and the private sector. Develops and monitors legislation that affects the Hispanic/Latino community in Oregon.

33 Tasks Testifies before the Oregon Legislature on bills and measures deemed appropriate by the Commission and constituency. Encourages Oregon residents to resolve their own local issues in a positive, productive manner, with appropriate community stakeholders. Seeks and identifies emerging Hispanic leadership throughout the state. Promotes positive aspects of the Hispanic community. Works with its sister advocacy commissions, the Commissions on Women, Black, and Asian and Pacific Islander Affairs to foster greater community as well as the implementation and establishment of economic, social, legal and political equality for minorities in Oregon.

34 OCHA PRIORITIES A Culture of Presence, Participation, Perspective Leadership - Identify, Develop, Involve Civic Engagement - Fed, State, Local Voter Registration & Education Public Policy on ALL Issues Diversity of Narratives Relationships & Community Building Strategic Legislative Activity & Advocacy

35 2013 Legislative Session PUBLIC SAFETY – Driver card for all Oregonians EDUCATION – OEIB, Tuition Equity HOUSING – Anti-discrimination STATE OF OREGON 10 YEAR PLAN – In process CIVIL LIBERTIES – Hate Crime LABOR – Wage theft, contracting, labor rights HEALTH – Cultural competency, pre-natal care ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT – Business

36 Hispanics in Oregon’s Eligible Voter Population The Hispanic population in Oregon is the 19th largest in the nation. 4 About 452,000 Hispanics reside in Oregon, 0.9% of all Hispanics in the United States. 4 Oregon’s population is 12% Hispanic, the 14th largest Hispanic population share nationally. There are 146,000 Hispanic eligible voters in Oregon—ranking 21st in Hispanic eligible voter population nationally. California ranks first with 5.9 million. Some 5% of Oregon eligible voters are Hispanic, the 20th largest Hispanic eligible voter share nationally. New Mexico ranks first with 39%. Less than one-in-three (32%) Hispanics in Oregon are eligible to vote, ranking Oregon 39th nationwide in the share of the Hispanic population that is eligible to vote. By contrast, 80% of the state’s white population is eligible to vote.

37 Our Communities, Families, Friends, and Allies


39 Fin Muchisimas gracias!

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