Presentation on theme: "Immigrant Issues in Texas: Integration into Child Welfare Dr. Rowena Fong The University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work 512 471-1393"— Presentation transcript:
Immigrant Issues in Texas: Integration into Child Welfare Dr. Rowena Fong The University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work 512 471-1393 firstname.lastname@example.org
Demographics of Texas and USA TexasUSA Population (2006 est.)23,507,783299,3987,484 White not Hispanic48.3%66.4% Hispanic / Latino35.7%14.8% Black11.9%12.8% Asian & Pacific Islander3.5%4.6% American Indian / Native Alaskan 0.7%1.0% Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Demographics of Texas and USA TexasUSA Foreign-born13.9%11.1% Language spoken other than English at home 31.2%17.9% Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Demographics of Texas and USA TexasUSA Persons per household2.742.59 Median household income$41,645$44,334 Per capita money income$19,617$21,587 Persons below poverty16.2%12.7% Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Demographics of Texas and USA TexasUSA Persons under 5 yrs.8.2%6.8% Persons under 18 yrs.27.6%24.6% Persons 65 yrs. & older9.9%12.4% High School Graduates75.5%80.4% Bachelor’s Degree or more23.2%24.4% Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Nativity & Place of Birth (Texas) NumberPercent Total Population20,851,820100 Native17,952,17886.1 Born in the US17,727,39485.0 In Texas12,970,20362.2 In a different state4,757,19122.8 Born Outside US224,7841.1 Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Nativity & Place of Birth -- Foreign Born -- NumberPercent Foreign Born2,899,64213.9 Entered before March 20001,335,5246.4 Naturalized citizen914,3264.4 Not a citizen1,985,3169.5 Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Region of Birth of Foreign Born NumberPercent Total2,899,640100 Europe152,3275.3 Asia466,21816.1 Africa64,4702.2 Oceania6,9840.2 Latin America2,172,47674.9 Northern America37,1651.3 Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Language at Home NumberPercent Population over 5 yrs. old19,241,518100.0 English only13,230,76568.8 Language not English6,010,75331.2 Spanish5,195,18227.0 Other Indo-European358,0191.9 Asian & Pacific Island lang.374,3301.9 Source: US Census Bureau, Census 2000 Demographic Profile Highlights
Immigrant Issues in Texas Agency-Related –System Priority (Goodness of Fit) –Reporting/Undercounted –Training and Education –Justification: Regional Impact, Numbers –Specialized Services/Underserved –Language Barriers –Collaborations/Coalitions
Immigrant Issues in Texas Community-related Limited Resources Cohort Mentality Coalition Building Community-based Initiatives (Neighborhood Place)
Immigrant Issues in Texas State-related Prioritizing Changing Attitudes and Policies Finding Funding Resources Modifying and Replicating Successful Models
Texas Child Welfare Initiatives: Integrating Immigrant Issues Disproportionality Leadership Development Community Engagement Undoing Racism Kinship Care Family Group Conference/ Family Team Meeting
Training Opportunities Reporting and Assessments (Diversity, Cultural Competence) Legal Eligibility and Restrictions Service Delivery and Language Challenges Strengths-based, Value-centered Interventions and Treatments Coalition Building and Community Engagement
Evaluation Opportunities Texas Statewide Strategic Planning in Practices and Policies (Immigrant Issue Initiative) Determine Statewide Issues: Survey all Regions in Texas Determine Need for Services based on Problems Encountered Determine Current Agency Resources and Services/Identify Gaps
Evaluation Opportunities Texas Department of Family Protective Services Establish a specialized unit and create an immigrant specialist position Require Basic Skills Development Training to include immigrant issues Establish a Statewide Task Force on Immigrant Issues
Evaluation Opportunities Develop Regional Coalitions (law enforcement; schools; mental health, health, employment providers) Texas Department of Family Protective Services
Definitions Refugee is a person who is leaving the homeland because of persecution due to political, religious, war-related or other reasons. The person cannot return to the land of origin because of safety reasons. A refugee will seek governmental permission to relocate and is legally admitted to a host country.
Definitions An asylee is a person who is leaving the homeland because of persecution due to politics, religion, war-related and other reasons. He or she is granted refugee status after entering the host country.
Definitions An immigrant is a person who voluntarily leaves the homeland and seeks employment, family reunification, or well-being opportunities in another country. An immigrant can be legal with documents or illegal without documents. Illegal documentation may also be due to lapsed business, tourist, or education visas.
Definitions Unaccompanied Minors: Unaccompanied Refugee Minors (URM) are children who have refugee status but do not have adult accompaniment or lack adult parental authority. They are under the authority of the Office of Refugee Resettlement. Unaccompanied alien children (UAC) are children without documentation and are under the authority of the Office of Refugee Resettlement, Division of Unaccompanied Children.